Child Development . The process of growth from Infancy
1. Early Childhood Language and Literacy Development
2. Child Development The process of growth from Infancy – early childhood –middle childhood – adolescence
Orderly transition through stages
There are regularities and continuities but there is always individual difference
Occurs across many dimensions
Language and Literacy Development
Personal and Emotional Development
Social and Moral Development
Spurred by internal factors and shaped by external factors
3. Literacy Developmental
4. Children progress through the stages of literacy learning in different ways and at different tempos
Individual children take a variety of routes to reading and writing competency
Children can move forward in some areas of literacy learning at different times and at different rates than in other areas of learning
Learning all the aspects of reading and writing does not happen evenly
Within each stage their will be learners at different places of development.
5. Oral Language Development Comprehensive oral language development is fundamental to reading and writing development
Phonology (speech sounds)
Morphology (word formation)
Syntax (sentence formation)
Semantics (word and sentence meaning)
Prosody Intonation and rhythm of speech)
Pragmatics (effective and functional use of oral language)
6. Development of Phonological Awareness Phonemic Awareness is an important to determining the success of learning to read and write.
Hear words in a sentence
Onset rhyme (separate starting letter from the rhyming part)
Hear syllables in words
7. Story and expository text comprehension Understanding of the narrative structure of a text.
Understanding of various structures of expository texts
-predict and expectations for making meaning
8. The alphabetic principle The knowledge that writing is oral language written down
The knowledge that we use a symbol or symbols to represent sounds within a word
9. The Emergent Literacy Stage Developmentally Appropriate Practice Emergent literacy experiences are essential for a child to experience maximum success in gaining literacy skills and competency in early primary grades.
Emphasises real life situations and social experiences for the development of literacy.
Emphasises problem solving rather than direct instruction of sets of skills.
10. Literacy learning activities are embedded purposefully within content areas such as art, music, play, social studies and science – to ensure there is meaning involved.
Capitalises on children’s strengths and compensates for their weaknesses.
Builds children’s literacy knowledge and understandings and develops some basic skills and processes.
Oral language is fundamental to a sound pre-primary literacy program as it is a predecessor to reading and writing.
11. The Emergent Literacy Stage Important Kindergarten and Pre-Primary Experiences Imaginative / Dramatic Play – advances cognitive development; children develop more sophisticated language skills; opportunity to role play / engage in reading and writing “role play” behaviour in a real context
Modelling / Demonstrating of reading and writing behaviours
12. Sharing and discussing books
Listening to Repeated Book Readings
A print rich environment
Language games and rhymes
Phonological games and rhymes
Opportunities for talk and listening
13. Children given opportunity to experiment with writing – this can sometimes be drawing
Extend vocabulary and syntax (sentence structures)
Shared writing (children tell a story – teacher writes it down)
- Interactive story reading)
14. Chart class made stories , songs, rhymes
Create books recounting excursions
Words and labels around the room
Story centre – felt boards, puppets…
15. Oral Language (receptive and expressive) Listening with attention and for different purpose (e.g. to follow directions, to engage in conversation)
Speaking for different purpose and to different audiences
Use sentences of increasing length and grammatical complexity
Speech production / pronunciation of individual sounds / words
Vocabulary (word meaning – comprehend and use new words)
16. Reading and Writing Understand the different genre structures
Understand the social function of reading and writing
Motivation toward reading – interested in books, enjoys listening to them and discussing them.
Confidence to attempt to read and write
Concepts about print
Knowledge of alphabet
17. Sound – letter correspondence
Punctuation, capitalization and other conventions
Fine motor skills
Visual and auditory memory
Ability to note detail
Knowledge of literary forms
Connects information in books to real life