Early Childhood

Early Childhood PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Early Childhood

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1. Early Childhood Language and Literacy Development

2. Child Development The process of growth from Infancy – early childhood –middle childhood – adolescence Orderly transition through stages There are regularities and continuities but there is always individual difference Occurs across many dimensions Physical Development Cognitive Development Language and Literacy Development Personal and Emotional Development Social and Moral Development Spurred by internal factors and shaped by external factors

3. Literacy Developmental Emergent Early Fluent

4. Children progress through the stages of literacy learning in different ways and at different tempos Individual children take a variety of routes to reading and writing competency Children can move forward in some areas of literacy learning at different times and at different rates than in other areas of learning Learning all the aspects of reading and writing does not happen evenly Within each stage their will be learners at different places of development.

5. Oral Language Development Comprehensive oral language development is fundamental to reading and writing development Phonology (speech sounds) Morphology (word formation) Syntax (sentence formation) Semantics (word and sentence meaning) Prosody Intonation and rhythm of speech) Pragmatics (effective and functional use of oral language)

6. Development of Phonological Awareness Phonemic Awareness is an important to determining the success of learning to read and write. Hear words in a sentence Hear rhymes Onset rhyme (separate starting letter from the rhyming part) Hear syllables in words Phonemic awareness

7. Story and expository text comprehension Understanding of the narrative structure of a text. Understanding of various structures of expository texts -predict and expectations for making meaning

8. The alphabetic principle The knowledge that writing is oral language written down The knowledge that we use a symbol or symbols to represent sounds within a word

9. The Emergent Literacy Stage Developmentally Appropriate Practice Emergent literacy experiences are essential for a child to experience maximum success in gaining literacy skills and competency in early primary grades. Emphasises real life situations and social experiences for the development of literacy. Emphasises problem solving rather than direct instruction of sets of skills.

10. Literacy learning activities are embedded purposefully within content areas such as art, music, play, social studies and science – to ensure there is meaning involved. Capitalises on children’s strengths and compensates for their weaknesses. Child centred. Builds children’s literacy knowledge and understandings and develops some basic skills and processes. . Oral language is fundamental to a sound pre-primary literacy program as it is a predecessor to reading and writing.

11. The Emergent Literacy Stage Important Kindergarten and Pre-Primary Experiences Imaginative / Dramatic Play – advances cognitive development; children develop more sophisticated language skills; opportunity to role play / engage in reading and writing “role play” behaviour in a real context Modelling / Demonstrating of reading and writing behaviours

12. Sharing and discussing books Listening to Repeated Book Readings A print rich environment Language games and rhymes Phonological games and rhymes Opportunities for talk and listening

13. Children given opportunity to experiment with writing – this can sometimes be drawing Extend vocabulary and syntax (sentence structures) Shared writing (children tell a story – teacher writes it down) Shared Reading - Interactive story reading) Language Experience Modeled writing

14. Chart class made stories , songs, rhymes Create books recounting excursions Words and labels around the room Writing centre The mailbox Story centre – felt boards, puppets… Library corner

15. Oral Language (receptive and expressive) Listening with attention and for different purpose (e.g. to follow directions, to engage in conversation) Speaking for different purpose and to different audiences Use sentences of increasing length and grammatical complexity Speech production / pronunciation of individual sounds / words Vocabulary (word meaning – comprehend and use new words)

16. Reading and Writing Understand the different genre structures Understand the social function of reading and writing Motivation toward reading – interested in books, enjoys listening to them and discussing them. Confidence to attempt to read and write Concepts about print Knowledge of alphabet

17. Sound – letter correspondence Punctuation, capitalization and other conventions Eye-hand coordination Fine motor skills Comprehension Visual and auditory memory Cognitive reasoning Semantic memory Ability to note detail Imaginative skills Knowledge of literary forms Connects information in books to real life

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