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AS YOU LIKE IT. by William Shakespeare (1599-1600). Opening suggests a dark world, not a comedy. Begins at a corrupt and suspicious court Two warring brothers, one is lovable (Orlando) and the other “altogether misprised ” (Oliver)

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As you like it

AS YOU LIKE IT

by William Shakespeare(1599-1600)


Opening suggests a dark world not a comedy
Opening suggests a dark world, not a comedy

  • Begins at a corrupt and suspicious court

  • Two warring brothers, one is lovable (Orlando) and the other “altogether misprised” (Oliver)

  • Their enmnity is mirrored by the usurpation of Duke Senior by his brother Duke Frederick

  • The “good” brothers are banished to the forest


Shakespeare s comedies often begin this way
Shakespeare’s comedies often begin this way

  • Ultimately, we are guided to the play’s heroine ROSALIND

  • The play’s action concerns itself with ‘coupling’ (four couples are wed at the end of the play)

  • One of the happiest of comedies

    • Brothers are reconciled

    • Legitimacy and prosperity is restored

    • The evil convert

    • Each lover is appropriately matched


Significance of setting
Significance of setting

  • Play’s action is set in the Forest of Arden in Warwichshire

  • Shakespeare’s mother’s name was Arden

  • The play suggests both French and English characters and places…seemingly nowhere and everywhere

  • A magical place where anything can happen


Your if is the only peacemaker
Your If is the only peacemaker…

  • Rosalind invites Orlando to imagine his life IF he had not met “your very very Rosalind”

  • She poses and solves a complex set of riddles at the climax

    • IF

    • IF I CAN

    • IF I COULD

    • IF EVER I MARRY WOMAN

    • IF EVER I SATISFIED MAN

    • IF WHAT PLEASES YOU CONTENTS YOU


Villains are miraculously changed
Villains are miraculously changed

  • Oliver tells Celia “Twas I. But ‘tis not I.”

  • Like Eden, Arden is not wholly safe

  • Arden is cold and people must hunt for food

  • Lions and snakes threaten sudden death

  • It is threatened with invasion from the usurping Duke


Setting is pastoral
Setting is pastoral

  • Except for Corin, nobody seems to work

  • All can find plenty of time to sing, philosophize and fall in love

  • It is not, however, an alternative to civilization. It is “nature” as opposed to “culture”

  • Perhaps Shakespeare is parodying the pastoral excesses of writers like Philip Sidney in works such as ARCADIA (1590)

  • It is not simply a play, it is a play about how people write about love

Act One, The Wresling MatchA 19th century painting


Sources for the play
Sources for the play

  • Thomas Lodge wrote ROSALYNDE, EUPHUES’ GOLDEN LEGACIE in 1590 and Shakespeare borrows freely from its characters and plot

  • He excises a bloody battle between the feuding dukes and replaces it with Frederick’s conversion and retirement

  • He invents the characters of Jacques, Touchstone and Audrey

  • John Lyly wrote EUPHUES, THE ANATOMY OF WIT (1579)

  • The previously mentioned ARCADIA (1590)


A musical world
A musical world

  • Play contains more songs than any other Shakespeare play

  • Most famous is “It was a lover and his lass” (V.3)

  • The song was arranged and published by Thomas Morley in 1600


Lovers grow up
Lovers grow up

  • Rosalind and Orlando escape the gloom, confinement and danger of court by escaping to the forest…and growing up

  • This requires Rosalind and Orlando; Celia and Oliver to move from the family they were born into to the family one starts and presides over “from one’s father to one’s child’s father” (1.3)

  • As with Ophelia (Hamlet), Cordelia (King Lear) and Desdemona (Othello), Rosalind’s relationship with her father is changed

Shakespeare’s Globe

Theatre Production, 2010


Celia and rosalind
Celia and Rosalind

  • As both separate from their father’s; they also outgrow their friendship

  • The threat to marriage is not only Rosalind’s attachment to Celia, but also Orlando’s attachment to Ganymede (the homo-erotic theme described by some)

  • Further expressed by Rosalind taking on the identity of Ganymede (Jove’s cupbearer and “lover”)


Disguises
Disguises

  • Rosalind as Ganymede

  • Celia “darkens” her face to be seen as less “fair”

  • Ganymede seems to relish being a man…as a woman, she could not buy property, but as a man she buys a “cottage, pasture and flock”

  • Rosalind’s disguise seems to enhance her confidence while doing the opposite to Celia

  • Still Rosalind does woo Orlando, not girl to boy, but man to man

  • Perhaps these disguises are simply pragmatic since boys played the female roles in Elizabethan theatre


Four couples rosalind and orlando
Four couplesRosalind and Orlando

Marriage offers a different kind of ending, as well as a different kind of beginning for four couples


Four couples celia and oliver
Four couplesCelia and Oliver


Four couples audrey and touchstone
Four couplesAudrey and Touchstone


Four couples phebe and silvius
Four couplesPhebe and Silvius

Marriage offers a different kind of ending, as well as a different kind of beginning, for each of the four couples


All the world s a stage
All the world’s a stage…

  • Jacques speech from Act Two, scene 7 is rightly one of the most famous in all of Shakespeare

  • Of the SEVEN AGES, only one really relates to the action of the play…

    And then the lover Sighing like furnace, with a woeful ballad Made to his mistress’ eyebrow

    Jacques (and Adam) help to put the marriages into perspective


First printed edition
First printed edition

  • Folio edition, 1623

  • Production was entered into the Stationers Register by the Lord Chamberlain’s Men as one of four plays “to be staied” (withheld from publication)


On film
On Film

As You Like It (2006)

Directed by Kenneth Branagh

Brian Blessed Duke Senior & Duke Frederick

Bryce Dallas Howard RosalindDavid Oyelowo Orlando De BoysRichard Briers Adam

Patrick Doyle Amiens

Romola Garai Celia

Adrian Lester Oliver De Boys

Alfred Molina Touchstone

Kevin Kline Jaques

Janet McTeer Audrey


1936 film
1936 Film

Director:Paul Czinner

Writers:William Shakespeare (play)J.M. Barrie (treatment)Robert Cullen (scenario)Carl Mayer (adaptation)

Cast:Henry Ainley Exiled Duke

Elisabeth Bergner Rosalind

Felix Aylmer Duke Frederick

Laurence Olivier Orlando

Leon Quartermaine Jacques


As You Like It(1987 - BBC)

Director: Basil Coleman

Helen Mirren RosalindBrian Stirner OrlandoRichard Pasco JaquesAngharadRees Celia

James BolamTouchstoneClive Francis OliverRichard Easton Duke FrederickTony Church Duke Senior


'As You Like It' at Shakespeare's Globe Theatre (2010) 149 min

Directed by TheaSharrock

Michael Benz Silvius

Philip Bird Duke Senior

Sophie Duval Audrey

Naomi Frederick Rosalind

Brendan Hughes Duke Frederick

Jack Laskey Orlando de Boys

Trevor Martin Adam

Tim McMullan Jacques

Jamie Parker Oliver de Boys

Laura Rogers Celia

Dominic Rowan Touchstone


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