R i t 05002 micro turbine iii senior design
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R I T 05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design. The Team. Lincoln Cummings (IE) – Project Manager Joe Calkins (ME) – Chief Engineer Mark Fazzio (ME) – Technical Writer Allison Studley (ME) – Minutes Taker Dr. Kozak – Faculty Advisor Dr. Walter – Faculty Coordinator

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R i t 05002 micro turbine iii senior design

R I T05002Micro Turbine III Senior Design


The team
The Team

Lincoln Cummings (IE) – Project Manager

Joe Calkins (ME) – Chief Engineer

Mark Fazzio (ME) – Technical Writer

Allison Studley (ME) – Minutes Taker

Dr. Kozak – Faculty Advisor

Dr. Walter – Faculty Coordinator

Sponsor – RIT Mechanical Engineering Dept.

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Team assignments
Team Assignments

05002 Micro-Turbine Project

Leader – Cliff Cummings

Mentor – Prof. Jeff Kozak

Turbine and Housing

Leads – Joe/Allison

Fuel Systems

Lead – Mark

Asst. - Cliff

PDR/

CDR

Paper

Lead – Mark

Presentation

Lead - Joe

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Mission statement
Mission Statement

We will design and build a micro-turbine/generator that can be integrated onto a micro-air-vehicle airframe and power the vehicle’s accessories. The micro-turbine will be a continuation of the previous team’s project with the application of their design to be used for MAV power production.

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Background
Background

  • Current battery technology causes the battery to be up to half of the weight of the MAV.

  • Research into lighter weight power generation methods led to micro-turbine generators.

  • Third generation RIT Senior Design project

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Primary objectives
Primary Objectives

  • Produce a constant 5 watts of power

  • Overall weight of less than 45 grams

  • Integrated into the MAV airframe

  • Minimum flight time of 3 minutes

    Additional Objectives

  • Drive the propeller of the plane

  • Increase efficiency of the system

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Previous design
Previous Design

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Previous turbine design
Previous Turbine Design

Senior Design Team 04013

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Concept considerations
Concept Considerations

  • Smaller housing needed to integrate into MAV airframe

  • Compressed gas containers must be integrated into MAV airframe

  • Components capable of high rotational speeds

  • Containment of high pressures within the system

  • Minimum 3 minute run time

  • Overall system weight goal of 45 grams

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Research methods
Research Methods

  • Preliminary Research

  • Review of last year’s design

  • Additional Research

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Feasibility assessment
Feasibility Assessment

  • 2 Options – Direct Comparison

  • >2 Options – Weighted Comparison

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Feasibility assessment1
Feasibility Assessment

Considerations

  • Ability to meet the objectives

  • Overall Size

  • Total Weight

  • Availability of procured items

  • Ease of Manufacture

  • Cost of procurement/manufacture

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Turbine concepts
Turbine Concepts

Axial Impulse Turbine

2-D Pelton Wheel Turbine

3-D Pelton Wheel Turbine

Francis Turbine

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Turbine feasibility
Turbine Feasibility

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Turbine feasibility1
Turbine Feasibility

Axial Impulse Turbine

2-D Pelton Wheel Turbine

?

3-D Pelton Wheel Turbine

Francis Turbine

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Housing concept
Housing Concept

  • Cross flow design

  • 2 Inlets – 2 Outlets

  • Tight tolerances to prevent flow from going around the turbine.

  • 30% Fiberglass reinforced Nylon material

  • Overall Size: 1.25” OD

    0.6” Depth

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Housing feasibility
Housing Feasibility

  • Smaller OD

  • Lighter weight

  • O-Ring seal vs. Gasket seal

  • Inlet/Outlet redesign

  • Designed for manufacturability

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Housing analysis
Housing Analysis

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Propellant system concepts
Propellant System Concepts

Fuel

  • Compressed CO2 Cartridges

  • Compressed N2 Cartridges

  • Compressed Air Tanks

    Tubing

  • Flexible plastic lines

  • Rigid metal lines

    Regulator

  • Bellows regulator to decrease the inlet pressure

  • Micro nozzle to decrease the inlet pressure

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Propellant system feasibility
Propellant System Feasibility

Fuel

  • Compressed CO2 Cartridges

  • Compressed N2 Cartridges

  • Compressed Air Tanks

    Tubing

  • Flexible plastic lines

  • Rigid metal lines

    Regulator

  • Bellows regulator to decrease the inlet pressure

  • Micro nozzle to decrease the inlet pressure

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Other design concepts considerations
Other Design Concepts/Considerations

  • Bearings: Sealed Air

    Shielded Magnetic

  • Seals: O-Ring

    Gasket

  • Use outlet flow in rear of wings/plane to reduce pressure drag

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Other design concepts considerations1
Other Design Concepts/Considerations

  • Bearings: Sealed Air

    Shielded Magnetic

  • Seals: O-Ring

    Gasket

  • Use outlet flow in rear of wings/plane to reduce pressure drag

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Test setup
Test Setup

  • Test initially using

    laboratory supplied

    compressed nitrogen.

  • Canister compressed gas testing will be performed after concept is proven

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Financial analysis
Financial Analysis

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Final design
Final Design

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Design limitations
Design Limitations

  • Propellant cartridge & piercing device weight is 24x higher than the design target weight

  • Means of reducing the pressure of the propellant are inefficient

  • Finding a generator to meet the high speed requirements

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Schedule
Schedule

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


Questions
Questions?

05002 Micro Turbine III Senior Design


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