The Last Leaf. O. Henry. Pre-reading Task. True Friends. True Friends (1).
The Last Leaf
People today, in all this new world technology and thinking, have lost sight of what a true friendship is. So, in sprit of my best friend Tellie, I thought I would help the world out a little and explain what real, true friends are.
1. Friends don't have to be exactly the same. Friends have similarities but they also have their differences. They key to opening up the world of friendship is not only to expand on similarities but to accept each other's faults. Because you can't ever judge your friend.
2. Friends have to argue! No one likes to but it is necessary to be healthy. Cause if you agree on everything, either the government has expanded cloning subjects or someone isn't being true and is trying a little too hard.
3. You have to be comfortable together or else you just aren't going to click. If you feel edgy around the person then something isn't quite right.
4. Friends love unconditionally. They have there little angry moments but what's done is done and all is forgive and forget. Why let something that happened in the past ruin what happiness you could have in the future?
5. Believe in love at first sight because there is the equivalent in friendship. Some people think that you have to know someone really well to become good friends. Trust me, it's not true. If the first time you really spend time together you talk for 25 hours straight until 4:30 in the morning about some topic you thought no one else in the world understood, hun, that's real love at first sight.
These are only a few of the basics. Just remember, friends are forever. But only if you keep it that way. Don't diss your buds, love them instead. And when they drive you nuts, love them that much more for being just a little bit different and maybe just a little bit quirky!
1.What is your definition of friendship?
2.Faith, hope and charity are traditionally grouped together as three important virtues. What do you think of it?
3.Some say that charity begins at home, that we should take care of those closest to us rather than worrying about strangers. What do you think of that?
4.Can you figure out what the stories of this unit are going to be about?
Who is him?
O. Henry (1862-1910)
O. Henry (1862-1910): pseudonym of William Sydney Porter(1862-1910), American writer of short stories, best known for his ironic plot twists and surprise endings. Born and raised in Greensboro, North Carolina, O. Henry attended school only only until age 15, when he dropped out to work in his uncle’s drugstore.
During his 20s he moved to Texas, where he worked for more than ten years as a clerk and a bank teller. O. Henry did not write professionally until he reached his mid-30s, when he sold several pieces to the Detroit Free Press and the Houston Daily Post. In 1894 he founded a short-lived weekly humor magazine, The Rolling Stone.
In 1896 O. Henry was charged with embezzling funds from the First National Bank of Austin, Texas, where he had worked from 1891 to 1894. The amount of money was small and might have been an accounting error; however, he chose to flee to Honduras rather than stand trial.
Learning that his wife was dying, he returned to Texas in 1897 and, after her death, turned himself in to the authorities. He served three years of a five-year sentence a the federal penitentiary in Columbus, Ohio, where he first began to write short stories and use the pseudonym O. Henry.
Released from prison, O. Henry moved to New York City in 1901 and began writing full time. In his storieds he made substantial use of his knowledge of Texas, Central America, and life in prison.He also became fascinated by New York street life, which provided a setting for many of his later stories.
During the last ten years of his life, O. Henry became one of the most popular writers in America, publishing over 500 short stories in dozens of widely read periodicals.
O. Henry’s most famous stories, such as “The Gift of the Magi,”“The Furnished Room,” and “The Ransom of Red Chief,” make simple yet effective use of paradoxical coincidences to produce ironic endings.
For example, in “The Gift of the Magi” a husband sells his watch to buy his wife a Christmas present of a pair of hair combs; but, she cuts and sells her long hair to buy him a Christmas present of a new chain for his watch. His style of storytelling became a model not only for short fiction, but also for American motion pictures and television programs.
Writing at the rate of more than one story per week, O. Henry published ten collections of stories during a career that barely spanned a decade. They are Cabbages and Kings (1904), The Four Million (1906), Heart of the West (1907), The trimmed Lamp (1907), The Gentle Grafte r(1908), The Voice of the City(1908), Options(1909), Roads of Destiny(1909), Whirligigs(1910), and Strictly Business(1910).
The collections Sixes and Sevens (1911), RollingStones (1912), and for the best American short stories published each year were founded by the Society of Arts and Sciences. The Complete Works of O. Henry was published in 1953.
Q1:What was, at first, Johnsy determined to do if the last ivy leaf should fall?
A1:She made up her mind to die when the last leaf fell.
Q2:What did she decide to do when she saw the last leaf still cling to the vine after two nights’ rain and wind?
A2:She decided not to give up her life.
Q3:How was it that the cold fierce wind did not blow away the last leaf?
A3:Behrman, a kind neighbor, who was aware of Johnsy’s state of mind, risked death to paint the last leaf and save her.
Q4:Why did Sue call the painted leaf Behrman’s masterpiece?
A4:Because it was so perfect the girls both mistook it for the real thing.
in tune: harmonious(ly (often followed by with; the opposite: out of tune))
joint: held or done by two or more persons together
stalk: (of and evil force) move through (a place) in a threatening way, move quietly and cautiously in order to get near
here and there: in various places
victim: person, animal, etc. suffering death, injury or loss
scarcely: not quite; almost not
merry: happy; cheerful; bright and gay
backward: with the back or end first
bare: without covering, clothing, or decoration
dreary: dull; gloomy; causing low spirits
in a whisper: in a low voice
hear of : be old about or have knowledge of
nonsense: foolish talk, ideas, behavior
turn loose: allow ( sth.) to be free of control
look the part: have an appearance for a particular job, role, or position
masterpiece: a piece of work, esp. art, which is the best of its type or the best a person has done
to excess: to an extreme degree
for the rest: as regards other matters
fierce: 1) violent and angry
2) intense; strong
mock: ridicule; make fun of (used in the pattern: mock at sb./sth.)
fancy: sth. Imagined; unfounded opinion or belief
stream: move in a continuous flow, pour out
persistent: continuing; occurring again and again
mingle: mix (followed by with)
pull up: raise
stand out: be easily seen above or among others
wear away: 1) (of time) pass gradually
2) (cause to) become thin or damaged by constant use
cling to: hold tight to
call to: attract the attention of (sb.) by speaking out
sin: offence against God, religion or good morals
sit up: raise yourself into an upright sitting position after you have been lying down or leaning back
acute: 1) (of diseases) coming quickly to the critical stage
be wet through: be wet all over
flutter: (cause to) move about in a quick, irregular way
1.Which character in the story impresses you most? Why?
2.What is the essential message the writer wants to convey to his readers through the story? Is it of social significance? Explain.
3.What do you think can support you in your moments of depression, despair or a setback?
Translate the following passage into English, using the words and phrases given below:
Here and there we see young artists who stand out from other people. They may be in worn out jeans all year round, or walk barefoot/ in bare feet even in winter, or drink to excess, or cling to the fancy of creating a masterpiece without actually doing any creative work. In fact, many of them act like this just to look the part, or to be “in tune with” other artists. They have forgotten that only through persistent effort can one achieve success.
1.Many campers are tempted by backpacks with extra_______, zippers and other options, but a simple, well-made pack is sufficient on most trips.
2.Born in Boston, American natural history writer Elizabeth Cary was educated at home because of ________health.
3.Abstract expressionism involves_______ and splashing paint in an impulsive, loosely controlled manner without any predetermined design.
4.Biological clocks release a hormone that__________ complex behaviors in humans and animals alike.
5.__________, play fair. That is what every mother teaches her child to do.
6.Early women basketball players were prohibited from______ the ball from the hands of another player.
7.The Ford Trimotor, the first plane designed to carry passengers rather than mail, had an interior cabin with a ceiling high enough for people to walk down the aisle without________.
8.The Andrew Johnson Homestead, where US President Johnson lived between 1851 and 1875, is __________with his original articles.
9.With 1300 meters remaining, Barbara and Decker Slaney were among the group of leading runners. However, the two bumped, causing Barbara to ________.
10.Although all Americans do not speak the same way, their speech _________enough ________so that American English can be recognized as a variety of English different from British English, Australian English, etc.
11._____________ of the Cluny Museum is a large beautiful garden.
12.Shellery felt a _______ at her heart at the sudden attraction of him, the perfect body and the face that looked so much more natural and attractive out here in the warm southern wind.
13.Dealing with your children’s friends who __________round in the evening calls for diplomacy and the setting of time limits.
14.Aunt Louise seemed to swell up, her eyes about to ________of her head.
15.Hearing her baby scream all of a sudden, Robyn made a _________for the bedroom.
16.Some managed to _________their boat while others were swept uncontrollably downstream.
17.When the thief saw a police officer coming, he ___________in the other direction.
18.They were working_________ in order to finish the assignment on time.
19.If you are __________Sam Walton, you will become a better person.
20.I expect a handsome paycheck when I _________translating this book.
1.Many campers are tempted by backpacks with extra _straps_, zippers and other options, but a simple, well-made pack is sufficient on most trips.
2.Born in Boston, American natural history writer Elizabeth Cary was educated at home because of _frail_ health.
3.Abstract expressionism involves _dripping_ and splashing paint in an impulsive, loosely controlled manner without any predetermined design.
4.Biological clocks release a hormone that _swiches on_ complex behaviors in humans and animals alike.
5._Behave yourself_, play fair. That is what every mother teaches her child to do.
6.Early women basketball players were prohibited from _snatching_ the ball from the hands of another player.
7.The Ford Trimotor, the first plane designed to carry passengers rather than mail, had an interior cabin with a ceiling high enough for people to walk down the aisle without _stooping_.
8.The Andrew Johnson Homestead, where US President Johnson lived between 1851 and 1875, is _furnished_ with his original articles.
9.With 1300 meters remaining, Barbara and Decker Slaney were among the group of leading runners. However, the two bumped, causing Barbara to _lose her balance_.
10.Although all Americans do not speak the same way, their speech _has_ enough _in common_ so that American English can be recognized as a variety of English different from British English, Australian English, etc.
11._At the rear of_ of the Cluny Museum is a large beautiful garden.
12.Shellery felt a _tug_ at her heart at the sudden attraction of him, the perfect body and the face that looked so much more natural and attractive out here in the warm southern wind.
13.Dealing with your children’s friends who _pop_ round in the evening calls for diplomacy and the setting of time limits.
14.Aunt Louise seemed to swell up, her eyes about to _pop out_ of her head.
15.Hearing her baby scream all of a sudden, Robyn made a _dash_ for the bedroom.
16.Some managed to _catch hold of_ their boat while others were swept uncontrollably downstream.
17.When the thief saw a police officer coming, he _took off_ in the other direction.
18.They were working _(at) full blast_ in order to finish the assignment on time.
19.If you are _in contact with_ Sam Walton, you will become a better person.
20.I expect a handsome paycheck when I _am/get through with_ translating this book.
Choose the best answer for each of the following:
1.The boy fell because____
A.the lady pushed him
B.the purse was heavy
C.it was dark
D.he was running too fast
2.The first thing the lady did was to_____
A.make the boy pick up her purse
B.make the boy apologize
C.shake the boy
D.kick the boy
3.In answer to the woman’s question, the boy____
4.We can infer that the woman___A.owned the house
B.rented the house
C.rented a room in the house
D.none of the above
5.We can learn from the story that the boy____
A.was beaten by his parents
B.had no parents to care for him
C.was stealing because he was hungry
6.The woman told the boy that____
A.she too had been poor, but had not tried to steal
B.she had also done bad things when she was young
C.she knew he was lying when he said he wanted the money for shoes
D.she knew it was like to have no one to care for one