The Early Cold War: 1947-1970. What do you do when a friend is accused? What happens when two people stop being friendly because of conflicting personalities or ideas?. Cold War?. The tension and rivalry between the USA and the USSR was described as the Cold War (1945-1990).
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The EarlyCold War:1947-1970
What do you do when a friend is accused?
What happens when two people stop being friendly because of conflicting personalities or ideas?
two sides between 1945 and 1990, but
they were often very close to war Hotspots
- Both sides got involved in other conflicts
in the world to either stop or spread
**What else caused the “tension”???
The Ideological Struggle
Soviet & Eastern Bloc Nations[“Iron Curtain”]
US & the Western Democracies
GOAL spread world-wide Communism
GOAL “Containment” of Communism & the eventual collapse of the Communist world.
The “Iron Curtain”
From Stettin in the Balkans, to Trieste in the Adriatic, an iron curtain has descended across the Continent. Behind that line lies the ancient capitals of Central and Eastern Europe.-- Sir Winston Churchill, 1946
Truman Doctrine 
Marshall Plan 
The Berlin Wall Goes Up (1961)
Berlin Blockade & Airlift (1948-49)
The Arms Race:A “Missile Gap?”
North Atlantic Treaty Organization (1949)
Warsaw Pact (1955)
The Korean War: A “Police Action” (1950-1953)
Divided along the 38th parallel
“Domino Theory”—if one country falls to communism, others will follow
Syngman Rhee—South Korea
Kim Sung-North Korea
Premier Nikita Khrushchev
About the capitalist states, it doesn't depend on you whether we (Soviet Union) exist.If you don't like us, don't accept our invitations, and don'tinvite us to come to see you. Whether you like it our not, history is on our side. We will bury you. -- 1956
Stalin’s death in 1953 thawed cold relations temporarily—Geneva Summit
The Suez Crisis: 1956-1957
Egypt ultimately retains control of the canal
Sputnik I (1957)
Soviet Union beats America into space—artificial satellite; U.S. launches satellite in January 1958
Big Brother starts “watching”
U-2 Spy Incident (1960)
Col. Francis Gary Powers’ plane was shot down over Soviet airspace—we were spying
Eisenhower refuses to
apologize to Soviet
the 60’s begin with even
MORE tension between