HIS 121. Chapter 4 War and Revolution. Four Major trends of the 19 th century that greatly affected the early 20 th century: Nationalism - a group of people of the same ethnic background, same history, and/or same culture should have their own nation-state
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War and Revolution
It didn’t work out this way for the Germans. Germany had a 2-front war on its hands. The war quickly became a stalemate.
At a party conference in Brussels and in London in 1903, the majority of the delegates supported Lenin’s plan for a revolution, hence they were called Bolsheviks or majorityites. They were a majority only because those who disagreed chose not to attend.
Russia entered World War I hoping to unite its people; it did not.
Russia had some early victories, followed by many losses
Soldiers were poorly trained, poorly led, and poorly fed; many deserted or mutinied
Russia was then renamed the USSR in 1922
By the time of Lenin’s death in 1924, the Communist Party was privileged, conformist, and bureaucratic.
The only thing that truly got the United States out of the Depression was the start of World War II