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Alexander the Great. Spread of Hellenism. Macedonia. Macedonia was a former Greek colony King Phillip II of Macedonia deeply respected Greek technology and learning Hired Greek experts to tutor his son Alexander Alexander is a “Greek” by proxy

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Alexander the great

Alexander the Great

Spread of Hellenism


Macedonia
Macedonia

  • Macedonia was a former Greek colony

  • King Phillip II of Macedonia deeply respected Greek technology and learning

  • Hired Greek experts to tutor his son Alexander

  • Alexander is a “Greek” by proxy

  • Stirred the turd between city-states to create disunity

  • Conquered Greek city-states under Macedonian rule


Alexander the great1
Alexander the Great

  • Really Alex of Macedon

  • Inherits throne at 20 after dad is assassinated

  • By 34 had conquered Asia Minor, Egypt, Persia using phalanx and crossbow

  • Spread Greek culture and Macedonian genes, officers encouraged to marry locals

  • Rebuilt cities in Asia in Greek style

  • Named multiple cities after himself


  • Cultural diffusion of diverse areas + Greek culture called…

  • HELLENISM

  • Why study Alexander the Great?

  • Great general….take military history

  • Spread and preserved Greek culture and technology

  • Such as…anesthesia, Euclidean geometry

  • Archimedes and the lever, double pulley, catapult


  • Why did it end? called…

  • Empire too large?

  • He drank too much, was poisoned, left no heir?


Who is next in line
Who is next in line??? called…

  • The Romans

  • Chapter 5


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