From Legend to History A.D. 449-1485. The Old English and Medieval Periods. The Conquest of Britain. Between 800 and 600 B.C. two groups of Celts from southern Europe, the Brythons and the Gaels, invaded the British Isles. The Brythons settled on the largest island, Britain.
The Old English and Medieval Periods
The Roman rule of Britain lasted for more than 300 years and ended only when Roman troops withdrew to protect their homeland in Italy in 407 A.D.
The Romans introduced Christianity to Britain around the 4th century.
This Christianity differed greatly from the paganistic beliefs of the Celts and from the beliefs of a new set of invaders, the Saxons.
These Germanic tribes were nomadic, seafaring, and warlike.
Valued the individual warrior.
King was essentially greatest warrior of tribe.
Good kings were recognized for their generosity hence the name ring giver.
Tribes were constantly warring with one another.
Warriors owed total loyalty to their king.
Women held little power in this society.
Rule 1: Believe in the church and obey her teachings.
Rule 2: Always obey your feudal overlord as long as those duties do not conflict with the duties to God.
Rule 3: Respect and pity the weak.Chivalry
The woman is perfect.
The woman is unattainable.
The knight is unworthy.
The knight only wants a word or a smile.
The knight is hurt by the body’s cruelty.
The knight will never give up.
The woman is exalted.