From Legend to History A.D. 449-1485. The Old English and Medieval Periods. The Conquest of Britain. Between 800 and 600 B.C. two groups of Celts from southern Europe, the Brythons and the Gaels, invaded the British Isles. The Brythons settled on the largest island, Britain.
From Legend to HistoryA.D. 449-1485
The Old English and Medieval Periods
The next conquerors of Britain were the Romans in 55 B.C. led by General Julius Caesar. This conquest of Britain took nearly a 100 years.
The Roman rule of Britain lasted for more than 300 years and ended only when Roman troops withdrew to protect their homeland in Italy in 407 A.D.
The Romans introduced Christianity to Britain around the 4th century.
This Christianity differed greatly from the paganistic beliefs of the Celts and from the beliefs of a new set of invaders, the Saxons.
These Germanic tribes were nomadic, seafaring, and warlike.
Valued the individual warrior.
King was essentially greatest warrior of tribe.
Good kings were recognized for their generosity hence the name ring giver.
Tribes were constantly warring with one another.
Warriors owed total loyalty to their king.
Women held little power in this society.
The Plague across Europe
Chivalry is a system of codes followed by knights.
Rule 1: Believe in the church and obey her teachings.
Rule 2: Always obey your feudal overlord as long as those duties do not conflict with the duties to God.
Rule 3: Respect and pity the weak.
Rule 4: Love your country.
Rule 5: Refuse to retreat before your enemy.
Rule 6: Be courteous toward women.
Rule 7: Be loyal to the truth and your pledged word.
Rule 8: Be generous.
Rule 9: Champion the right and good against the forces of evil.
The woman is perfect.
The woman is unattainable.
The knight is unworthy.
The knight only wants a word or a smile.
The knight is hurt by the body’s cruelty.
The knight will never give up.
The woman is exalted.