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How To Do an AP US

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How To Do an AP US. B. Q. D. A “Dazzling” D.B.Q. Is Like a Tasty Hamburger. The Introductory Paragraph. The “Top Bun” of your essay!. The Introductory Paragraph. Establish TIME & PLACE . Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT that clearly answers the question.

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The Introductory Paragraph

The “Top Bun” of your essay!

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The Introductory Paragraph

  • Establish TIME & PLACE.
  • Create a clear, THESIS STATEMENT that clearly answers the question.
  • Allude to the SUB-TOPICS or CATEGORIES you will discuss to support your thesis statement.
  • Focus on the question at hand—do NOT begin with a “flowery” sentence!
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The “”Meat”” Paragraphs

The “tasty” part of your essay!

Should usually be a minimum of 3 paragraphs

8+ sentences per paragraph

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The “”Meat”” Paragraphs

  • Identify your sub-topic or category in the first sentence.
  • Include the documents that are relevant to support the ideas in the paragraph.
  • Use most of the documents given, but if you don’t understand it - skip it!
  • Bring in supportive outside information. This is critical!!
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Questions to Ask Yourself About the Documents

  • Who is this person?
  • Why might they be significant?
  • What is the point of view (POV) of the author?
  • How reliable and accurate is the source?
  • What is the tone or intent of the document author?
  • What other information does this document call to mind? Use all available clues.

Remember, docs. can be used in a variety of ways!

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Using Primary Source Documents:
      • Identify the main point of each document and relate it to your thesis/argument.
      • Use the documents to remind you of other outside information to incorporate in the essay.
      • Do not paraphrase or summarize a document. Never allow the focus of a paragraph or an essay to shift from the prompt and your thesis to the documents.
      • Try to use the main ideas and outside information suggested by as many documents as possible, however, never use a document you don’t understand or are unsure of.
      • Refrain from quoting a document as it wastes precious time and most readers consider it a sign of a desperate student.
      • Do not explicitly refer to a document (e.g. “As it says in Document A…”)
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How to Reference a Document in Your Essay

  • Thomas Paine, in his pamphlet, Common Sense, argued that kings are super lame. (Doc. C)
  • Joe Shmoe, a mid-Western delegate to the Republic convention in 1912, agreed with…..
  • The 19c historian, Frederick Jackson Turner, felt that …………………. (Doc. E)

NEVER begin with: In Document 3, …..

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The Concluding Paragraph

The “Bottom Bun” of your essay!

It holds it all together!

3-4 sentences

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The Concluding” Paragraph

  • Start with a “concluding phrase.”
  • Restate your thesis statement a bit differently.
  • Put your essay answer in a larger historical perspective.

End of some trend/movement/idea, etc.

Beginning of some trend/movement/idea

End of one & beginning of another.

Do NOT end on the note that this is the reason we are where we are today!

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Ummmmm, Burger!

I Mean, A Perfect Essay!

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YOU

CAN

DO

IT!

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