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SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY. Giving Oral Presentations. Lecturer: Prof . Nyoman S. Antara , Ph.D. Agroindustrial Technology Department Faculty of Agricultural Technology Udayana University. Source: http://www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993.

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Giving oral presentations

SCIENTIFIC METHODOLOGY

Giving Oral Presentations

Lecturer:

Prof. Nyoman S. Antara, Ph.D.

Agroindustrial Technology Department

Faculty of Agricultural Technology

Udayana University

Source: http://www.nature.com/scitable/ebooks/english-communication-for-scientists-14053993


Giving oral presentations1
Giving Oral Presentations

  • Structuring Your Oral Presentation

  • Creating Presentation Slides

  • Delivering Your Oral Presentation

  • Answering Questions

  • Summary

Oral presentations are a richer medium than written documents. They allow you to establish stronger contact with the audience and better convince them of your viewpoint through verbal and nonverbal delivery

If you give a poor 15-minute presentation to an audience of 200 people, you have wasted the equivalent of 50 hours of work


Structuring your oral presentation
Structuring Your Oral Presentation

  • The opening - is similar to the Introduction of a scientific paper, which provides the context, need, task, and object of the document

  • The body - make your body's structure easy to remember, for both you as a speaker and your audience, think of it as a tree (or hierarchy) rather than a chain. Identify a maximum of five statements you can make to support your main message (your main points). Next, think of two to five statements to support each main point (your subpoints).

  • The closing - wrap up your oral presentation in three steps: a review, a conclusion, and a close.

oral presentations at a conference or internal seminar are for sharing your research work with other scientists.

must convince the audience that the research presented is important, valid, and relevant.

must emphasize both the motivation for the work and the outcome of it.

must aim to inform, not impress.


Creating presentation slides
Creating Presentation Slides

  • Slides are for the audience.

  • Slides are for getting messages across.

  • Slides are visual aids.

  • Language mistakes in slides can distract the audience from your content.

  • Revise your slides as carefully as you revise your papers.

Presentation slides are optional. A presentation is not a set of slides: It is about someone having something to say to an audience.

Creating slides is therefore less important than planning the presentation, structuring it, and delivering it well.

Design them so they get a message across to your audience in a visual way.


Delivering your oral presentation
Delivering Your Oral Presentation

  • Verbally - do not write down and memorize or read your full text.

  • Vocally - vary the tone, rate, and volume of your voice as a function of the meaning, complexity, and importance of what you are saying.

  • Visually - control your body.

Delivering effective oral presentations involves three components: what you say (verbal), how you say it with your voice (vocal), and everything the audience can see about you (visual).


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