1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mrs. Eby. The War of 1812 and Native Americans in Georgia. Between 1793 & 1815, France and Great Britain were almost constantly at war. American merchants got caught in the middle as both countries tried to block America from trading with the other country
The War of 1812 and Native Americans in Georgia
Between 1793 & 1815, France and Great Britain were almost constantly at war.
American merchants got caught in the middle as both countries tried to block America from trading with the other country
Some Americans were forced into service in the British Navy by British naval captains who stopped their ships
In 1817, President Monroe asked Andrew Jackson to look into problems Georgians were having with the Seminole Indians.
Instead of investigating, Jackson invaded Florida and overthrew the Spanish governor.
Spain agreed to sell FL to the U.S. rather than fight.
The U.S. bought FL for 5 million dollars and Jackson became the governor of the new territory.
In 1828, Andrew Jackson was elected president of the U.S.
Jackson had been friendly with the Native Americans (especially the Cherokee) when he needed their help to fight the Red Sticks
He also knew that white voters wanted Native Americans removed from southern states
In 1830, Congress signed the Indian Removal Act which called for Native to be removed to western territories
As the Creek were being moved westward, GA was making plans to get rid of the Cherokee.
In 1829, gold was discovered in Dahlonega (Cherokee land).
Georgia’s legislature passed a law that placed the Cherokee land under the state’s control.
It declared Cherokee law null and void and refused the Cherokee rights to the gold on the land
A group of missionaries, led by Rev. Samuel Worchester, who lived on the Cherokee land sued the state after they were found guilty of not signing an oath of allegiance to the governor (a requirement placed upon Georgians who lived on Cherokee land).
Their case eventually went to the Supreme Court (headed by Chief Justice John Marshall)who ruled the Cherokee territory was not subject to state law.
The Cherokee thought they would be able to keep their land, but the President refused to follow the ruling and placed GA’s government in charge of Cherokee territory.