Chapter 2
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Chapter 2. Tools & Measuring Instruments. TOOLS. Hand tools Measuring tools Cutting tools Power tools Lifting equipment Cleaning equipment Specialty tools. HAND TOOLS. Screwdrivers Pliers Hammers Wrenches Socket wrench sets Special tools. Screwdrivers. Phillips. Flat Blades.

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Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Tools & Measuring Instruments


Tools

TOOLS

  • Hand tools

  • Measuring tools

  • Cutting tools

  • Power tools

  • Lifting equipment

  • Cleaning equipment

  • Specialty tools


Hand tools

HAND TOOLS

  • Screwdrivers

  • Pliers

  • Hammers

  • Wrenches

  • Socket wrench sets

  • Special tools


Screwdrivers

Screwdrivers

Phillips

Flat Blades

Torx

Select screwdriver blade to match the size of the screw head.


Pliers

Pliers

Combination

Slip joint

Side cutters

Long nose


Pliers1

Pliers


Pliers2

Pliers


Specialty pliers

Specialty Pliers

  • Battery pliers

  • Hose clamp

  • Grease cup

  • Tin snips

  • Many other types


Hammers

Hammers

Ball peen hammer

Engineers hammer

Soft faced

Rubber mallet


Hammers1

Hammers


Hammers2

Hammers


Wrenches

Wrenches

Open ends

Box end


Wrenches1

Wrenches


Wrenches2

Wrenches


Other types of wrenches

Other Types of Wrenches

Adjustable end wrench

(Crescent wrench)

Open end-box


More wrenches

More Wrenches

Flare nut wrenches


Socket wrenches

Socket Wrenches

Socket wrenches come

in sets that are classified

by their drive size. Three

drive sizes are commonly

used in the automotive

trade. ¼”, 3/8”, ½”


Socket wrench drivers

Socket Wrench Drivers

Ratchet

Speeder

Nut driver

Breaker bar

T-handle


Sockets

Sockets

# of points on hex

Hex size

Drive size

Deep & shallow sockets


Specialty sockets

Specialty Sockets

Impact sockets

Spark plug sockets

Universal sockets

O2 sensor socket

4 & 8 point sockets

Impact & Standard Socket


Socket wrench accessories

Socket Wrench Accessories

Extensions

Screwdriver ends


Specialty hand tools

Specialty Hand Tools

Magnet, Pick-up tool,

Valve lifter tool, oil

filter wrench, brake

Spoon, ring expander,

mirror tool.

Ring compressor,

Pullers: damper,

slide bar, pitman

arm, wheel and

battery terminal.


Cutting tools

CUTTING TOOLS

  • Hack saws

  • Files

  • Chisels

  • Taps & Dies

  • Drills

  • Grinders

  • Da Torch


Hacksaws

Hacksaws

  • Use to saw through metal.

  • Needs a special blade depending on thickness of metal.

  • Blades come in 18, 24, or 32 teeth per inch.


Files

Files

  • Files are used much like a saw.

  • They only cut when you push.

  • For removing small amounts of metal.

  • Many types with funny names.


Chisels

Chisels

  • Used with a hammer to cut cut through metal.

  • Tends to be crude but is effective in certain situations.


Threading tools

Threading Tools

  • Cut threads

  • Taps cut internal threads.

  • Dies cut external threads.

  • Used in automotive service to repair threads.


Drills

Drills

  • 3/8” drill the most common for general automotive work.

  • Powered both electrically and pneumatically.

  • Drill press available.


Oxy acetylene torch

Oxy-Acetylene Torch

  • Compressed gas type torch using oxygen and acetylene.

  • Flame over 4000 degrees F.

  • Used to cut metal or heat nuts and bolts for easy removal.


Grinding equipment

Grinding Equipment

Pedestal Grinder

Valve grinding equipment


Power tools

POWER TOOLS

  • Pneumatic tools

  • Hydraulic power tools

  • Electrically powered tools


Lifting equipment

LIFTING EQUIPMENT

  • Floor jacks

  • Lifts


Cleaning equipment

CLEANING EQUIPMENT

  • Solvent tank using mineral spirits.

  • Immersion cleaner using very harsh chemicals.

  • Steam cleaner.

  • Sand blaster.

  • Wire brushes & scrapers.


Solvent tank

Solvent Tank

Uses mineral

spirits as a solvent.

Used on oily and

greasy parts.

Use gloves for the

solvent is harsh on

skin.

Don’t put any other

fluids in the tank.


Immersion cleaner

Immersion Cleaner

  • Very harsh solvent.

  • Clean carburetor parts, pistons and other parts with burnt and varnish like deposits.


Measuring tools

MEASURING TOOLS

  • Mechanical measuring tools

  • Fluid measuring tools

  • Electrical measuring tools


Measuring tools1

MEASURING TOOLS


Measuring tools2

MEASURING TOOLS


Measuring tools3

MEASURING TOOLS


Measuring tools4

MEASURING TOOLS


Measuring tools5

MEASURING TOOLS


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