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Chapter 2. Tools & Measuring Instruments. TOOLS. Hand tools Measuring tools Cutting tools Power tools Lifting equipment Cleaning equipment Specialty tools. HAND TOOLS. Screwdrivers Pliers Hammers Wrenches Socket wrench sets Special tools. Screwdrivers. Phillips. Flat Blades.

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Chapter 2

Chapter 2

Tools & Measuring Instruments


Tools
TOOLS

  • Hand tools

  • Measuring tools

  • Cutting tools

  • Power tools

  • Lifting equipment

  • Cleaning equipment

  • Specialty tools


Hand tools
HAND TOOLS

  • Screwdrivers

  • Pliers

  • Hammers

  • Wrenches

  • Socket wrench sets

  • Special tools


Screwdrivers
Screwdrivers

Phillips

Flat Blades

Torx

Select screwdriver blade to match the size of the screw head.


Pliers
Pliers

Combination

Slip joint

Side cutters

Long nose




Specialty pliers
Specialty Pliers

  • Battery pliers

  • Hose clamp

  • Grease cup

  • Tin snips

  • Many other types


Hammers
Hammers

Ball peen hammer

Engineers hammer

Soft faced

Rubber mallet




Wrenches
Wrenches

Open ends

Box end




Other types of wrenches
Other Types of Wrenches

Adjustable end wrench

(Crescent wrench)

Open end-box


More wrenches
More Wrenches

Flare nut wrenches


Socket wrenches
Socket Wrenches

Socket wrenches come

in sets that are classified

by their drive size. Three

drive sizes are commonly

used in the automotive

trade. ¼”, 3/8”, ½”


Socket wrench drivers
Socket Wrench Drivers

Ratchet

Speeder

Nut driver

Breaker bar

T-handle


Sockets
Sockets

# of points on hex

Hex size

Drive size

Deep & shallow sockets


Specialty sockets
Specialty Sockets

Impact sockets

Spark plug sockets

Universal sockets

O2 sensor socket

4 & 8 point sockets

Impact & Standard Socket


Socket wrench accessories
Socket Wrench Accessories

Extensions

Screwdriver ends


Specialty hand tools
Specialty Hand Tools

Magnet, Pick-up tool,

Valve lifter tool, oil

filter wrench, brake

Spoon, ring expander,

mirror tool.

Ring compressor,

Pullers: damper,

slide bar, pitman

arm, wheel and

battery terminal.


Cutting tools
CUTTING TOOLS

  • Hack saws

  • Files

  • Chisels

  • Taps & Dies

  • Drills

  • Grinders

  • Da Torch


Hacksaws
Hacksaws

  • Use to saw through metal.

  • Needs a special blade depending on thickness of metal.

  • Blades come in 18, 24, or 32 teeth per inch.


Files
Files

  • Files are used much like a saw.

  • They only cut when you push.

  • For removing small amounts of metal.

  • Many types with funny names.


Chisels
Chisels

  • Used with a hammer to cut cut through metal.

  • Tends to be crude but is effective in certain situations.


Threading tools
Threading Tools

  • Cut threads

  • Taps cut internal threads.

  • Dies cut external threads.

  • Used in automotive service to repair threads.


Drills
Drills

  • 3/8” drill the most common for general automotive work.

  • Powered both electrically and pneumatically.

  • Drill press available.


Oxy acetylene torch
Oxy-Acetylene Torch

  • Compressed gas type torch using oxygen and acetylene.

  • Flame over 4000 degrees F.

  • Used to cut metal or heat nuts and bolts for easy removal.


Grinding equipment
Grinding Equipment

Pedestal Grinder

Valve grinding equipment


Power tools
POWER TOOLS

  • Pneumatic tools

  • Hydraulic power tools

  • Electrically powered tools


Lifting equipment
LIFTING EQUIPMENT

  • Floor jacks

  • Lifts


Cleaning equipment
CLEANING EQUIPMENT

  • Solvent tank using mineral spirits.

  • Immersion cleaner using very harsh chemicals.

  • Steam cleaner.

  • Sand blaster.

  • Wire brushes & scrapers.


Solvent tank
Solvent Tank

Uses mineral

spirits as a solvent.

Used on oily and

greasy parts.

Use gloves for the

solvent is harsh on

skin.

Don’t put any other

fluids in the tank.


Immersion cleaner
Immersion Cleaner

  • Very harsh solvent.

  • Clean carburetor parts, pistons and other parts with burnt and varnish like deposits.


Measuring tools
MEASURING TOOLS

  • Mechanical measuring tools

  • Fluid measuring tools

  • Electrical measuring tools







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