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IMPERIALISM - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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IMPERIALISM. WHAT IS IMPERIALISM. Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands. TYPES OF IMPERIALISM. 3 Main Types: Colony – territory governed by a foreign power Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power

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Presentation Transcript
what is imperialism
  • Imperialism – Extending a nation’s power over other lands
types of imperialism
  • 3 Main Types:
    • Colony – territory governed by a foreign power
    • Protectorate – territory has own government but it is controlled by foreign power
    • Sphere of Influence – territory in which a foreign power has exclusive political and economic rights over
reasons for imperialism
  • Why do nations become Imperialists?
    • Technology:
      • Huge militaryboom in weapons gave huge tactical advantage over others
    • Weakening of old empires in Central and Eastern Asia
      • Regions could not fend of the more powerful nations
      • Nations in the region wanted money to survive
      • Revolutionary groups in these regions got support from major world powers in exchange for giving up control
    • Social Darwinism – belief that only the most fit survive = most advanced
      • Led major world powers to see themselves as better because of advancements and more fit to survive
      • Played a major role in Africa being taken as well as the division of China
reaction to imperialism
  • How did nations who were taken respond?
    • Led to open revolutions against those who allowed the foreign powers to come in
      • SepoyMutiny - India
      • Boxer Rebellion – China
      • Boer Wars – South Africa
      • Zulu Resistance – Central Africa
      • Menelik’sResistance – Ethiopia
    • Some embraced it and were changed by it to allow their culture to survive.
      • Japan – allowed trade, but also quickly industrialized and became the power nation in Eastern Asia – surpassed China
    • Nations used it to gain independence
      • Cuba, Mexico, and the Caribbean Islands all gained independence as a result of U.S. Imperialism
      • All were protected by U.S.
    • Some become strategic strong points for power nations – brought in foreign armies
      • Egypt – Suez Canal
      • Panama – Panama Canal
      • Hawaii and Pacific Islands – Coal stops for large navies
outcomes of imperialism
  • World was divided up between powerful industrialized nations – great conflict and tension
  • Europe becomes very divided between rival countries – all build larger armies to defend foreign lands and homelands
  • Loss of culture in some conquered territories
  • Areas were stripped of all resources and wealth
  • Created a lasting resentment between the rest of the world and Europe/United States
  • Immense wealth for Europe and the U.S.
  • Rapid industrialization of Japan – becomes a global power