The northern renaissance
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The Northern Renaissance

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The northern renaissance

The Northern Renaissance


In your notes duplicate the text and picture exactly as you see it

In your notes, duplicate the text and picture exactly as you see it!

When April with his showers sweet with fruit. The drought of March has pierced unto the root,  And bathed each vein with liquor that has power, To generate therein and sire the flower; When Zephyr also has, with his sweet breath, Quickened again, in every holt and heath.


Printing press

Printing Press

  • Johann Gutenberg

    • 1398-1468, German Goldsmith

    • 1456 – developed moveable type

    • Introduced printing to Europe

  • Impact

    • By 1500 – more than 20 million volumes

    • By 1600 – more than 200 million

    • Making books  cheaper, easier, more efficient

    • Millions of copies of the Bible

    • Education increased  literacy


Literacy

Literacy

  • Why is literacy so important?

  • People interpret things themselves

    •  form own opinions

    •  individuality (free thinking, self-reliance)


Renaissance spreads north

Renaissance Spreads North

Why it took so long

  • North recovers slowly from the Plague

    • Feudalism disappeared later than in Italy

  • Catholic Church’s power weakens in the North

    • Europe was torn


Christian humanism

Christian Humanism

Humanism Christian Humanism in the North

Scholars tried to unite classical learning (Greek & Roman) with Christian faith

Religious and moral reforms


Sir thomas more

Sir Thomas More

  • 1478-1535

  • Classic English Humanist

  • Studied Law,

  • Lord Chancellor under Henry VIII

    • Eventually executed by Henry VIII

  • Utopia – 1516

  • No one knew what utopia meant: Ideal Place

  • Ou-topos(no place) eu-topos(good place)

  • Description of an ideal state since Plato’s Republic


Utopia

Utopia

Name for a fictional island society & its customs

Communal ownership of land

No private property

men and women educated the same

complete religious toleration  not atheism

Do these ideas sound similar?

Communism


Humanist thinkers in the north

Humanist Thinkers in the North

  • Erasmus: Dutch Humanist

  • Prince of Northern Humanism

  • Said Italian Renaissance only focused on the elite class

  • Wrote “Praise of Folly”

    • About church’s mistakes

    • Ignorance, superstition, and greed

Northern Renaissance thinkers reformed society’s ills

Focused on all levels of society not just elite.

Wanted church reform but not reformation.


Shakespeare

Shakespeare

  • produced most of his known work: 1589-1613.

  • early plays: comedies and histories.

  • wrote mainly tragedies until about 1608

    • Hamlet, King Lear, Othello, and Macbeth,

  • some of the finest works in the English language.

  • last phase: wrote tragicomedies, aka romances


Northern renaissance artists

Northern Renaissance Artists

Greatest painters of the Northern Renaissance were from

Flanders (now Belgium)

Germany


Albrecht durer painter

Albrecht Durer: Painter

  • 1471-1528: Nuremberg, Germany

  • German “Leonardo” – studied in Venice

    • Anatomy, science, math (proportions)

  • Spread Renaissance ideas North

  • Mastered wood cuts & carvings

  • Religious & classical subjects


Hans holbein the younger

Hans Holbein the Younger

1497-1543: Germany

“the Younger” to distinguish from father

Greatest portraits of the 16th century

Artist for Henry VIII

Most famous painting – Anne Cleves – 4th wife of Henry VIII


Hans holbein the younger anne of cleves

Hans Holbein the Younger: Anne of Cleves


Jan van eyck

Jan Van Eyck

  • 1395-1441 – Flemish painter

  • Father of oil painting

  • Perfected new effects using this technique

  • Van Eyck often signed his paintings on their frames

  • Cathedral at Ghent, the Adoration of the Lamb (1432)

    • First PAINTED altar piece (before they would be wood cuts)


Adoration of the lamb

Adoration of the Lamb


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