Kristallnacht. “The Night of Broken Glass”. Sara Weiskotten. Zoe Waters. Anti-Semitism. Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism. Anti-Semitism before Hitler. Medieval Europe: Medieval Christian Churches barred Jews from owning land, practicing trade and handicrafts
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“The Night of Broken Glass”
Hostility toward or prejudice against Jews or Judaism
Three Laws passed by the Nazis on September 15, 1935
~Also includes several auxiliary Laws that followed
“Legal basis for racial discrimination.”
1) To clarify the requirements of citizenship in the Third Reich
2) To assure the purity of German blood and German honor
3) To clarify the position of Jews in the Reich.
General Assault Badge
Only citizens of the Reich, as bearers of full political rights, can exercise the right of voting in political matters, and have the right to hold public office
A Jew cannot be a citizen of the Reich.
He/She cannot exercise the right to vote; he/she cannot hold public office.
“We are going to destroy the Jews”
The assassination of Ernst vom Rath, a German diplomat in Paris, by Herschel Grynszpan
Grynszpan was a
Jewish teenager whose parents, along with 17,000 other Polish Jews, had been expelled from the Reich
“Fists are hammering at the door. The shutters are broken open. We can hear the heavy cupboards crashing to the floor. Two Storm Troopers run upstairs, shouting at the top of their voices:
‘Out with the Jews!’”
A Jewish boy in Emden, Germany, 1938
November 9, 1938
The Nazis unleashed a wave of pogroms against Jews in Germany
101 synagogues and almost 7,500 Jewish businesses were destroyed
Sites of destruction towards Jewish synagogues and businesses
Movement of Jews started as a part of the Anti-Semitic campaign
The main movement of Jews occurred after “The Night of Broken Glass”
26,000 Jews were arrested and sent to concentration camps, Jews were physically attacked and beaten, 91 died
Lists the restrictions placed on Jews. It shows what Jews had to do and how hard their life was after these restrictions making it a good source.
Story of Polish Jews in WWII and after. A good personal story from the perspective of someone who lived it