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Q.1 Speed of mega project can be increased by using .. Automation Software Latest computers Latest materials. Q.2 By using automation in construction, .. Is reduced to a large extent. Steps in the project Human efforts Efficiency load.

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Q.1 Speed of mega project can be increased by using ..

  • Automation

  • Software

  • Latest computers

  • Latest materials


Q.2 By using automation in construction, .. Is reduced to a large extent.

  • Steps in the project

  • Human efforts

  • Efficiency

  • load


Q.3 Main advantage of automation in the construction industry is ..

  • Foreign currency

  • Manual control

  • Coordation

  • Completion of risky work without human loss


Q.4 In spite of very less human resources, developed industry is ..contries have tremendous speed of completing mega-projects due to ..

  • Use of machines and robots

  • Supply of plenty of money

  • Very less politics involved

  • Less corruption


Q.5 Use of machinery and robots has resulted in to .. industry is ..

  • High quality works

  • Increase in cost

  • Unemployment

  • High quality works with speedy completion


Q.6 Under-water tunnels are drilled and built with high precision due to ..

  • Modern surveying

  • Good planning

  • Latest tunnel boring machines

  • robots


Q.7 Through automation may yield fast constructions, the social issue is ..

  • High cost

  • Unemployment of skilled labour

  • High investment

  • politics


Q.8 The best application of automation can be said to be .. social issue is ..

  • Surveying

  • G.I.S.

  • G.P.S.

  • Large depth mining


Q.9 R.M.C. plants, earth excavators, cranes, etc. are necessary components of ..

  • Modernization of civil engineering

  • Automation in construction

  • Open economy in india

  • Project management


Q.10 Risky or hazardous operation can be handled easily through ..

  • Automation

  • Tunnels

  • Fast track constructions

  • Skilled labour


Q.11 Main characteristic of automation in construction industry is ..

  • High cost and speedy construction

  • High quality and speedy construction

  • Labour intension and high cost

  • Labour intensive and high speed


Q.12 Automation is adopted by developed countries because ..

  • It is very convenient for them

  • It is designed easily

  • It gives fast completion with high quality at low risk.

  • It is low cost, low quality and less labour method.


Q.13 Although automation needs high initial investment, it has become necessity of the 21st century due to ..

  • Latest fashion

  • Need of international trade

  • Need of high quality speedy constructions

  • Need of foreign exchange


Q.14 .. Type of has become necessity of the 21greyish cement is manufactured by using argillacious and calcareous materials.

  • Ordinary, artificial

  • Coloured

  • Special

  • best


Q.15 Ordinary has become necessity of the 21portland cement ( O.P.C.) is an artificial ..

  • core material

  • Reinforced material

  • Bonding material

  • fixture


Q.16 meaning of 1:4 has become necessity of the 21c.m. is ..

  • cement mortar with 1 part of cement and 4 parts of mortar

  • cement mortar with 1 part of cement and 4 parts of sand

  • Crushed mortar with 1 part of cement and 4 parts of sand

  • Crushed mortar with 1 part of calcareous and 4 parts of mortar


Q.17 Mixture of one part of cement, three parts of sand with adequate amount of water is designated as ..

  • M 1 :3

  • C.M. 1 : 3

  • C.M. 3: 1

  • M 3 : 1


Q.18 Historically, a cement manufactured with in with adequate amount of water is designated as ..colour similar to the sandstone at portland, england is known as ..

  • Sandstone cement

  • Sandstone portland cement

  • special portland cement

  • ordinary portland cement


Q.19 The cement manufactured with a volcanic substance in it is known as ..

  • Pozzolona cement

  • volcanic cement

  • volatile cement

  • coloured cement


Q.20 White cement is manufactured with large proportion of .. In it.

  • White colour

  • White marble

  • White putty

  • White chalk


Q.21 For ornamental constructions such as temples .. Are used.

  • Special strength cement

  • Ordinary cements

  • Coloured cements

  • Poor cements


Q.22 A natural or artificial binding materials used in construction such as walls are known as ..

  • Binders

  • Cements

  • Adhesives

  • glues


Q.23 When cement is mixed with water .. Type of chemical reaction takes place.

  • Exothermic

  • Endothermic

  • Balanced

  • reversible


Q.24 Natural cements are not used for constructions because ..

  • They are in nature

  • They do not have good strength

  • They are of dark colour

  • They are difficult to exploit


Q.25 If hand is inserted in a cement mass, what happens ? ..

  • Hand feels cool

  • Hand get irritation

  • Hand becomes wet

  • Hand feels exothermic reaction.


Q.26 Good O.P.C. should be .. In ..colour.

  • Whitish brown

  • Brownish grey

  • greenish grey

  • Dark grey


Q.27 Good quality of cement is judged if it does not contain ..

  • air pocket

  • Moisture

  • Insects

  • lumps


Q.28 When paste of O.P.C. is prepared in water, the paste should be felt .. Between the fingers.

  • Sticky

  • Hot

  • Hard

  • Very soft and silky


Q.29 should be felt .. Between the fingers.Sulphate resisting cement is used mainly for ..

  • Warehouses

  • Cold storages

  • Marine constructions

  • Chemical plants


Q.30 If good quality cement is kept on the palm and gently rubbed, there should be feeling like a touch of ..

  • Soft silk

  • Flour

  • Saw dust

  • chalk


Q.31 For cement manufacturing, the constituents and raw materials are burnt at temperature ..

  • 1000C to 2000C

  • 1200C to 3000C

  • 5000C to 7000C

  • 15000C to 16000C


Q.32 .. Cement is used for mass concreting work. materials are burnt at temperature ..

  • Ordinary portland

  • Rapid hardening

  • Law heat

  • High tension


Q.33 Two main constituents of brick are .. materials are burnt at temperature ..

  • Silica and alumina

  • Lime and iron

  • Iron and clay

  • Lime and silica


Q.34 According to materials are burnt at temperature ..indian standards, actual size of brick should be ..

  • 20 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm

  • 20 cm x 9 cm x 9 cm

  • 19 cm x 9 cm x 9 cm

  • 19 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm


Q.35 A small depression on one of the largest faces of brick is a ..

  • Defect

  • Frog

  • Depression

  • frost


Q.36 brick is a ..Ttpically in a brick wall, the frog on the brick is kept on the .. Side.

  • Inner

  • Outer

  • Bottom

  • top


Q.37 Four major operations of brick manufacturing are .. brick is a ..

  • Preparing brick earth, moulding, drying,burning.

  • Digging, mixing,moulding burning

  • Mixing, moulding, drying, heating.

  • Mixing, watering, moulding, heating


Q.38 Deformed, dark brick is a ..coloured (overburnt) bricks are called .. Brick.

  • Pozzolona

  • Zhama

  • Zombi

  • jomba


Q.39 For proper bonding, usually depth of ‘frog’ on the brick is about ..

  • 100 mm

  • 10 mm

  • 1 mm

  • 9 cm



Q.41 Actual size of the largest face of a standard brick is ..

  • 19 cm x 19 cm

  • 20 cm x 10 cm

  • 19 cm x 9 cm

  • 10 cm x 10 cm


Q.42 A good quality brick has .. ..Colour.

  • Uniform reddish-brown

  • Non-uniform red

  • Uniform red

  • Uniform grey


Q.43 Quality of brick can be ascertained by allowing it to fall from a height of about ..

  • 10 m

  • 1.8 m

  • 2 m

  • 1 m


Q.44 when soaked in water, a good quality brick does not absorb water more than .. Of its dry weight.

  • 10 %

  • 15 %

  • 20 %

  • 30 %


Q.45 Dried bricks are burnt in different types of .. absorb water more than .. Of its dry weight.

  • Kilns

  • Electric ovens

  • Electric heaters

  • Gas chambers


Q.46 A brick dropped from 1 m height on to the ground breaks in to two pieces. Hence it is a ..

  • Zhama brick

  • Fire brick

  • Cheap brick

  • Poor quality brick


Q.47 In a brick-wall, brick are properly placed and bonded in ..

  • Mortar

  • Cement paste

  • Concrete

  • lime


Q.48 .. Brick is used as road metal or aggregate for road concrete or brick-bat lime concrete.

  • Class-I

  • Zhama

  • Poor quality

  • Fire clay


Q.49 Average compressive strength of good quality burnt clay brick should be ..

  • about 5N/mm2

  • about 55N/mm2

  • about 18N/mm2

  • 20N/mm2


Q.50 .. Bricks are used in furnaces, chemical plants, etc. clay brick should be ..

  • Zhama

  • Fire

  • Waterproof

  • Class-I


Q.51 In clay brick should be ..maharashtra, the commonly found rock is ..

  • Slate

  • Baselate

  • Basalt

  • quartz


Q.52 Slate is a .. Type of rock/stone used for roofing. clay brick should be ..

  • Compact igneous

  • Soft

  • Stratified

  • Hard and granular


Q.53 Stone blocks are generally used for .. clay brick should be ..

  • Staircases

  • Roof

  • Walls

  • shelf


Q.54 Broken stone pieces are termed as .. clay brick should be ..

  • Fine aggregate

  • coarse aggregate

  • Block metal

  • Crushed rock


Q.55 Sandstone, shale are examples of .. Rock. clay brick should be ..

  • Sedimentary

  • Rudimentary

  • Igneous

  • metamorphic


Q.56 Artificial sand is obtained by .. clay brick should be ..

  • Cementing silt particles

  • Gluing the soil particles

  • Crushing natural stone

  • Heating the sandstone


Q.57 Natural sand is a product of.. clay brick should be ..

  • Weathering and attrition of stone

  • Soil and silt

  • Deserts

  • Crushed concrete


Q.58 Sand is an essential component of .. clay brick should be ..

  • Roof

  • Walls

  • Mortars and concretes

  • brick


Q.59 .. Is an inert material useful in concrete and mortar. clay brick should be ..

  • Reinforcement

  • Silica

  • Alumina

  • sand


Q.60 Bulking of sand means .. clay brick should be ..

  • Purchasing the sand in bulk

  • Absorption of water by sand

  • Increase in the volume of sand

  • Swelling of sand particles


Q.61 Structural steel typically contains .. Carbon. clay brick should be ..

  • 0.5 to 2 %

  • 0.25 to 1.25 %

  • 0.05 to 1.95 %

  • 5 to 15 %


Q.62 Yield strength of mild steel bars is about .. clay brick should be ..

  • 250 N/ mm2

  • 25 N/ mm2

  • 2.5 N/ m2

  • 250 N/ m2


Q.63 TOR steel bars are used as .. In concrete. clay brick should be ..

  • Grills

  • Fastners

  • Reinforcement

  • filler


Q.64 For column of a steel structure, which of the following can not be used ?

  • Angle

  • Channel

  • ‘T’

  • High yield strength bars.


Q.65 For pre-stressed concrete, .. Are used. following can not be used ?

  • Tor steel bars

  • Twisted and ribbed bars

  • High tensile strength wires

  • Mild steel with high strength


Q.66 Roughness on the surface of reinforcement bars is necessary for ..

  • Good bonding with concrete

  • Proper handling of bars

  • Grip for placing the bars

  • Better grip for tensioning the bars


Q.67 R.C.C beams and columns contain .. necessary for ..

  • Cement concrete and steel cables

  • Cement concrete and steel bars

  • Lime concrete and tor steel rods

  • Cement mortar and steel bars



Q.69 ‘T.M.T.’ bars mean .. ..

  • Temperature maintained twisted

  • Top machine treated

  • Thermo-mechanically treated

  • Thermal machine twisted


Q.70 ..Prestressing wire or cable generally consists of about .. Individual wires.

  • 14

  • 9

  • 3

  • 25


Q.71 Meaning of M20 concrete is .. ..

  • Concrete of 20 N/ mm2 compressive strength

  • Concrete of 20 N/ m2 tensile strength

  • Concrete of 20 % compressive strength

  • Concrete of 20 % water content


Q.72 A concrete mix 1 : 4 : 8 : means .. ..

  • 1 part of sand, 4 parts of cement, 8 parts coarse aggregate

  • 1 part of coarse aggregate, 4 parts of sand, 8 parts of cement

  • 1 part of cement, 4 parts coarse aggregate, 8 parts of sand

  • 1 part of cement, 4 parts sand, 8 parts coarse aggregate


Q.73 Concrete ..ingradients are practically taken by .. For mixing.

  • Volume

  • Weight

  • Mass

  • Volume and mass


Q.74 The step concrete mixing involves .. As two sub-steps. ..

  • Watering and shuffling

  • Dry and wet mixing

  • Proportioning and watering

  • Batching and shuffling


Q.75 In a standard concrete mix, the proportion of sand to coarse aggregate is ..

  • 1:4

  • 1:3

  • 1:2

  • 1:1


Q.76 The terms ‘fine aggregate’ and ‘coarse aggregate’ in concrete refer to ..

  • Sand and small pieces of stone respectively

  • Cement and sand respectively

  • Sand and blocks of stone respectively

  • Cement and small pieces of stone respectively


Q.77 reinforcement bars in R.C.C. provide .. To the concrete.

  • Additional compressive strength

  • Bonding strength

  • Tensile strength

  • Better workability


Q.78 P.C.C. can not be used for .. concrete.

  • Column of a multi storeyed building

  • Foundation for a ground floor small building

  • Footing of a compound wall

  • Levelling course over plinth


Q.79 Wet concrete poured on the site in the formwork is concrete.knowns as ..

  • Precast concrete

  • Form concrete

  • Ready mix concrete

  • In-sity concrete



Q.81 Compressive strength of R.C.C.is primarily due to .. concrete.

  • High factor of safety

  • Concrete portion

  • Steel portion

  • Mix design


Q.82 Precast or pre-fabricated concrete members are cast and cured ..

  • In the forms at the site itself

  • Before using for constructions

  • In the factory under uncontrolled conditions

  • Properly near a water body


Q.83 Main advantages of pre-cast or pre-fabricated concrete is ..

  • Fast-track constructions

  • Cost saving

  • Less material required

  • Less labour required


Q.84 is ..Mnimum concrete grade for pre-stressed concrete is ..

  • M 40

  • M 30

  • M 20

  • M 10


Q.85 is ..prestressed members are generally designed and used for ..

  • Long span girders

  • Short columns of bungalows

  • Footings

  • Lintels and sills of windows


Q.86 Pre-tensioning process of is ..prestressed concrete means ..

  • Cable is tensioned and put in to the concrete

  • Tensioned cables are purchased and used

  • Cable is tensioned before concreting

  • Cable is tensioned after concreting


Q.87 Tensioning of cable of a is ..prestressed concrete member is typically done by using ..

  • Hydraulic ram

  • Hydraulic motor

  • Electric jack

  • Hydraulic jack


Q.88 ‘Post-tensioning’ in the context of is ..prestressed concrete means ..

  • Applying pull to the cable while concreting work is done

  • Applyng tension to the cable before concreting

  • Pulling the cable after concreting

  • Purchasing and using redy-made tensioned cable


Q.89 Precast blocks have main advantage of .. is ..

  • Reducing wastage

  • Reducing cost

  • Improved strength

  • Multiple uses


Q.90 Curing of concrete is necessary for .. is ..

  • Closing the holes and cracks

  • Checking the water proofing quality of concrete

  • Initiating chemical reaction with cement

  • Dissipation of heat of hydration


Q.91 Vibration of wet concrete is done for .. is ..

  • Removing excess water

  • Checking strength of formwork

  • Avoiding honey-combing

  • Improving the strength of cement


Q.92 Final (expected or designed) strength is achieved by concrete ..

  • Immediately after hardening

  • In about one week

  • In about two weeks

  • In about a month


Q.93 .. Materials respond to the changes in the surroundings.

  • Special

  • Smart

  • Costly

  • electronic


Q.94 Which of the following is not a valid type (class) of bricks ?

  • Zhama

  • Class-II

  • Class-IV

  • Class-III


Q.95 Approximate cost of construction materials in the total cost of construction work (project) varies from ..

  • 10 % to 20 %

  • 20 % to 25 %

  • 10 % to 40 %

  • 30 % to 50 %


Q.96 Speed of construction mainly depends on .. total cost of construction work (project) varies from ..

  • Availability of materials and labour

  • Availability of electricity and roads

  • Accessibility of the site

  • Engineer in-charge


Q.97 Oldest building material of man-made category is .. total cost of construction work (project) varies from ..

  • Brick

  • Cement

  • Timber

  • Stone blocks


Q.98 Uniform total cost of construction work (project) varies from ..coloured, plane surfaces, fairly straight edges of a brick indicate that ..

  • It is a machine made brick

  • It is a class-III brick

  • It is a class-I brick

  • It is a zhama brick


Q.99 Slightly under-burnt brick with non-straight edges and surface is termed as .. brick.

  • Class-III

  • Class-II

  • Zhama

  • Class-I


Q.100 Which of the following does not indicate use of bricks ?

  • B.B.L.C.

  • Footing for light foundations

  • Pavements

  • roofing


Q.101 Now-a-days uses of bricks are very much reduced because ..

  • they have to be imported

  • Non-availability of proper soil

  • Expertise is not available

  • Fashion has changed


Q.1O2 More use of cement blocks for walls is due to .. because ..

  • Speedy construction with material saving

  • Labour is available at cheap rates

  • People do not like bricks now-a-days

  • Change of fashion


Q.103 Fire-clay bricks are used for furnaces because .. because ..

  • It is mandatory as per rules

  • They do not easily break

  • They withstand high tensions

  • They withstand very high temperatures


Q.104 For places with very high temperatures and heat, .. bricks are used.

  • Zhama

  • Class-I

  • Class-III

  • Fire-clay


Q.105 Lime stone gets converted in to .. Under high temperatures and high pressures.

  • Marble

  • Basalt

  • Sandstone

  • Black stone


Q.106 The sedimentary rocks typically contain .. temperatures and high pressures.

  • Sands and boulders

  • Planes of stratification

  • Mica

  • Iron ores


Q.107 .. Of the following is not the use (application) of stones.

  • Ballast for railways

  • Coarse aggregate

  • Roof covering

  • Cement manufacturing


Q.108 Use of mortar is mainly for .. stones.

  • Foundations

  • plastering

  • Fitting

  • Painting


Q.109 Fe 250 means .. stones.

  • Mild steel with yield strength 250 N/mm2

  • Tor steel with compressive strength 250 N/m2

  • Ferrous equivalent of 250

  • Ferric material with melting point 2500cs


Q.110 Excessive shrinkage and cracks in plaster are reduced because of ..

  • Sand

  • Cement

  • Silica

  • Pure water


Q.111 Plain cement concrete with 15 N/mm because of ..2

Comprssive strength is designated as ..

  • PCC-15

  • IS-PCC

  • M 15

  • PCC-M 15


Q.112 When mild steel bars are used in a cement concrete, it is knowns as ..

  • R.C.C.

  • P.S.C.

  • P.C.C.

  • M.S.C.C.


Q.113 Designation ‘MXX’ for a concrete indicates .. it is

  • Concrete mix of compressive strength XX

  • R.C.C.with tensile strength XX

  • Concrete material of bonding strength XX

  • Concrete mix having tensile strength XX


Q.114 A layer of .. Is generally used below foundations for levelling.

  • R.C.C.

  • P.C.C.

  • D.P.C.

  • Sand or coarse aggregate


Q.115 For filling minor voids and gaps in wet concrete, .. Are used.

  • Conveyor belts

  • Hydraulic jacks

  • Hammers

  • vibrators


Q.116 Meaning of ‘ Are used.prestressing’ is ..

  • Relieving the tension

  • Setting up compressive stresses

  • Tightening the anchor bolts

  • Inducing tensile stresses


Q.117 A Are used.prestressed member can with stand more loads due to ..

  • The tension set up in the cable

  • Better quality of cement

  • Very large sections used

  • Use of anchor bolds


Q.118 Precast concrete is mainly used for .. Are used.

  • Dams

  • Steel pipes

  • Doors and windows

  • Building components


Q.119 .. Of the following is Are used.irrelevent for R.C.C.

  • Tor steel

  • Water

  • Channel section

  • Form work



Q.121 A layer of .. Is used below glazed tile flooring. Are used.

  • R.C.C.

  • P.C.C.

  • Mortar

  • sand


Q.122 A Are used.prestressing cable consists of ..

  • High tensile strength steel wires

  • Optic fibers

  • T.M.T. bars

  • Tor steel and T.M.T. bars


Q.123 Precast building blocks are stronger than bricks due to ..

  • Their durability

  • Their high compressive

  • Their size and shape

  • Their high tensile strength


Q.124 Cavity walls and sound proofing is generally done by using ..

  • Stones

  • bricks

  • Bricks hallow precast blocks

  • Holes in masonary


Q.125 Hollow precast blocks are useful for .. using ..

  • Basements

  • Mezzanine floors

  • Roof

  • Partition walls


Q.126 Precast building blocks manufactured on the site it self do not contain ..

  • Large sized, coarse aggregate

  • Sand

  • Water

  • cement


Q.127 Out of the following; .. Is not a building material and not used for walls (masonry)

  • Lime

  • Cement

  • Clay

  • varnish


Q.128 Ordinary and not used for walls (masonry)portland cement contains .. Which imports strength to the cement.

  • Lime

  • Silicate

  • Iron

  • clay


Q.129 The constituent known as alumina (AL and not used for walls (masonry)2O3) serves the purpose of .. For O.P.C.

  • Quick setting

  • Imparting grey colour

  • Providing fineness

  • Imparting binding property


Q.130 The compounds like lime, silicate, alumina, iron oxide, etc. are burnt and partly fused at very high temperature to get .. , which is then cooled and crushed or ground to required fineness.

  • Cinder

  • Cementstone

  • Clinker

  • cement


Q.131 A hissing sound can be heard when cement and water are mixed together because of ..

  • Exothermic chemical reaction

  • Endothermic reaction

  • Property soundness of cement

  • Cement lumps


Q.132 Slightly irregular edges and surfaces if brick with small hair-line cracks are classified as .. Bricks.

  • class-III

  • class-I

  • class-II

  • fireclay


Q.133 .. Of the following is not correct use of stones as a building material.

  • Masonry

  • Course aggregate

  • Roof covering

  • Concrete reinforcement


Q.134 .. Is obtained from river beds, pits, sea, shores, etc.

  • Basalt

  • Artificial sand

  • Natural sand

  • lime


Q.135 Natural resources can be partly conserved and preserved by ..

  • Recycline materials

  • Green houses

  • Tree plantation

  • biodiversity


Q.136 Advantages of prefabricated or precast concrete members are ..

  • Expected strength and quality

  • Recycling of materials

  • Less consumption of sand

  • Multiple uses for buildings


Q.137 .. Of the following is not a component of R.C.C. members are ..

  • Steel bars

  • Artificial sand

  • Lime

  • Coarse aggregate


Q.138 Grade of concrete with nominal mix 1 : 1 : 2 has ultimate strength of about ..

  • 10 N/mm2

  • 12 N/mm2

  • 15 N/mm2

  • 25 N/mm2


Q.139 For mass concrete and bed concrete generally .. Grade of concrete is used.

  • 1:1:2

  • 1:11/2:3

  • 1:3:6

  • 1:5:10


Q.140 For concreting in extreme weather conditions, it is essential to use .. In concrete.

  • Coloured cement

  • Special admixtures

  • Large diameter bars

  • Brittle steel bars


Q.141 For expected strength and durability .. Of concreting is very important for suufficient period.

  • Curing

  • Mixing

  • Vibration

  • recycling


Q.142 R.C.C. is used for is very important for multistored buildings because ..

  • It is environment friendly

  • Recycling become easy

  • It is water proof and sound proof

  • It has good strength in tension as well as in compression


Q.143 Which of the following is not an eco-friendly material ?

  • Bamboo

  • Mud

  • Glass

  • plywood


Q.144 Recycling of materials helps for .. material ?

  • Environmental degradation

  • Green house effect

  • Maximising available space

  • Energy saving and reduction in green-house gases


Q.145 Concrete as a demolished waste material can be recycled for ..

  • Road base

  • R.C.C.work

  • Mortar

  • playgrounds


Q.146 .. Of various types is reduced by recycling of construction materials.

  • Ecosystems

  • Biodiversity

  • Pollution

  • foundations


Q.147 The left over (excess) materials, repeated renovation works, etc. produce .. Materials, which can be recycled.

  • Organic waste

  • Mixed waste

  • Construction and demolition

  • crushed


Q.148 bricks as a works, etc. produce .. Materials, which can be recycled.C.and D. material can be recycled and used as ..

  • Brick-bats

  • Masonry

  • Pavements

  • foundations


Q.149 works, etc. produce .. Materials, which can be recycled.C.and D. type of materials from upto .. Percent of solid wastes at residential or commercial sites.

  • 50

  • 30 to 50

  • 10 to 20

  • 70 to 90


Q.150 There is a considerable decrease in the consumption of natural resources due to ..

  • Recycling of materials

  • Less construction activities

  • Artificial materials

  • Reduction in manufacturing industries


Q.151 Economy and protection of natural environment can be simultaneously achieved by ..

  • Smart materials

  • Green constructions

  • Recycling of materials

  • Environmental impact assessment


Q.152 ..Can be segregated from demolished simultaneously achieved by ..R.C.C.structures.

  • Cement

  • Sand

  • Coarse aggregate

  • reinforcement


Q.153 Removed or demolished asphalt pavement can be crushed and .. Can be recycled at least partly or wholly.

  • Sand

  • Asphalt

  • Coarse aggregate

  • Brick-bats


Q.154 Asphalt can be recycled from demolished .. and .. Can be recycled at least partly or wholly.

  • Asphalt pavement

  • Damp proof course

  • Roof

  • flooring


Q.155 Cost of raw material manufacturing and fuel can be saved by ..

  • Automated plants

  • Recycling the materials

  • Waste treatment plants

  • Using smart materials


Q.156 Vertical downward movement or displacement of foundation is knowns as .. Of foundation.

  • Angular deformation

  • Vibration

  • Settlement

  • bearing


Q.157 Purpose of foundation is .. foundation is

  • To give strength to the building

  • To prevent settlement

  • To avoid collapse of building

  • To transfer loads to the subsoil


Q.158 For shallow foundations, relation between foundation depth D and foundation width B is given as ..

  • D ≤ B

  • D > B

  • D > 1.5 B

  • D ≤ 1.5 B


Q.159 The incorrect statement of the following is .. depth D and foundation width B is given as ..

  • foundation increases compressive strength of building

  • Foundation provides stability and safety for structures

  • Foundation distributed loads over wider areas

  • Foundation provides level surface for the structure


Q.160 If the depth of foundation is greater than its width, it is called ..

  • Shallow foundation

  • Deep foundation

  • Thin foundation

  • Isolated foundation


Q.161 Out of following, .. Is not a type of combined footing (1.e. provided for more than one columns)

  • Sloped footing

  • Rectangular combined footing

  • Trapezoidal footing

  • Mat or raft footing


Q.162 Typically a .. Foundation is provided for steel column.

  • Cantilever

  • Mat or raft

  • Stepped

  • grillage


Q.163 For building foundation, IS 6403: 1981 specifies a factor of safety = ..

  • 0.80

  • 1.2

  • 2.5

  • 3.2


Q.164 The correct relationship out of the following is .. factor of safety = ..

  • U.B.C.= S.B.C./F.O.S.

  • Factory of safety = U.B.C./max. load

  • U.B.C. = (S.B.C.) X (F.O.S.)

  • F.O.S. = safe load/ultimate load


Q.165 B.C. of soil can be determined using .. As a reliable method.

  • Plate load test

  • Cone penetration test

  • Triaxial compaction test

  • Differential settlement test


Q.166 Foundation settlement is caused primarily by .. method.

  • Earthquakes

  • Lowering of water table

  • Vibrations of the structure (building)

  • Sub-soil consolidation under static load


Q.167 Differential settlement of foundation means .. method.

  • Settlement at different times

  • Non-uniform settlement of different parts of foundation

  • Settlement under different loads

  • Settlement in different soils


Q.168 Differential settlement of foundation may occur due to ..

  • Loose or different soil pockets

  • Lowering of water table

  • Bad design

  • Increase in loads


Q.169 Pile foundation is a type of .. Foundation. to ..

  • Shallow

  • Isolated column

  • Combined

  • deep


Q.170 Wall footing is also known as .. Footing to ..

  • Strap

  • Strip

  • Steeped

  • sloped


Q.171 For heavily loaded steel column of a shed, .. Foundation is preferrable.

  • Belt

  • Strip

  • Sloped

  • grillage


Q.172 Cantilever or strap footing is a type of .. Footing. Foundation is

  • Combined

  • Isolated

  • Strip

  • stepped


Q.173 .. Foundation has an inverted slab at the foundation level over entire area, combining all columns.

  • Combined

  • Raft or mat

  • Grillage

  • sloped


Q.174 Combined footing is provided with the main purpose of avoiding ..

  • Uniform settlement

  • Uniform displacement

  • Eccentric loading

  • Differential settlement


Q.175 Type of pile foundation avoiding ..knowns as .. Pile has its lower end resting on hard stratum.

  • End bearing

  • Friction

  • Caisson

  • Built in


Q.176 For .. Pile foundation, load is resisted by means of skin friction.

  • End bearing

  • Friction

  • Caisson

  • Built in


Q.177 End bearing pile transfers load to the hard strata through ..

  • Its skin friction

  • Impact

  • Its lower end

  • Its sides and bottom


Q.178 Two tiers of beams are used in .. Foundation. through ..

  • Combined

  • Mat or raft

  • Trapezoidal

  • Grillage


Q.179 Strip footing is provided for .. through ..

  • Compound wall

  • Steel columns

  • Combined columns

  • Mat or raft foundation


Q.180 For a bridge pier of deep gorge bridge, .. Foundation is provided.

  • Stepped

  • Grillage

  • Pile

  • Isolated column


Q.181 For good B.C. of soil and moderately loaded columns, .. Is provided for each column.

  • Stepped footing

  • Isolated column footing

  • Pile

  • Cantilever beam


Q.182 A square isolated column footing will ideally mean .. .. Is provided for each column.

  • The column has square cross section

  • The column has rectangular cross section

  • B.C. is poor and column is heavily loaded

  • It is for steel column


Q.183 If all parts of foundation settle by the same amount, it is known as ..

  • Zero settlement

  • Uniform settlement

  • Differential settlement

  • Excessive settlement


Q.184 Zero uniform settlement will be possible if .. it is known as ..

  • Hard strata like rock is available at foundation level

  • Ground water is not drained out

  • Expensive soils such as black cotton soil is below foundation

  • The loads are less on foundation


Q.185 Excessive settlement of foundation is obvious if .. Exists below the foundation.

  • Isolated soil patches

  • Combined footing

  • Vibrations

  • Expansive soil such as black cotton soil


Q.186 Usual normal range of factor of safety for foundations is ..

  • 0 to 1

  • 1 to 2

  • 2 to 4

  • -1 to 0


Q.187 If footing occupies more than 50 % of area, foundation is practically more effective.

  • Mat or raft

  • Pile

  • Combined trapezoidal

  • strip


Q.188 Out of the following, maximum settlement of foundation is expected if .. Exists below the foundation.

  • Murum

  • Stratified rocks

  • Basalt

  • Dry sandy soil


Q.189 For one of the types of combined foundation is expected if .. Exists below the foundation.foudation , two columns are structurally connected by ..

  • Cantilever beam

  • Steel beam

  • Thick slab

  • pile


Q.190 Out of the following, .. Is not a component of superstructure.

  • Roof

  • Beams

  • Footings

  • columns


Q.191 Brick masonry is generally .. As compared to stone masonry.

  • Cheaper

  • Costlier

  • As costly

  • heavier




Q.194 Dead load of R.C.C. is .. ..

  • 16 KN/m3

  • 22 KN/m3

  • 23 KN/m3

  • 25 KN/m3


Q.195 For residential building, minimum live load is .. Of floor area.

  • 6 KN/m2

  • 5 KN/m2

  • 2 KN/m2

  • 1 KN/m2



Q.197 .. Has maximum dead load (KN/m KN/m2 of floor area.3).

  • R.C.C.

  • Stone masonry

  • Basalt

  • steel


Q.198 Dead load is nothing but .. Of construction materials.

  • Volume

  • Mass

  • Self weight

  • area


Q.199 Wind pressure on structures (buildings) is proportional to ..

  • Wind velocity v

  • Square of wind speed v

  • Square-root of wind speed v

  • Cube of wind velocity v3


Q.200 Immovable, fixed load is termed as .. proportional to ..

  • Attached load

  • Live load

  • Superimposed load

  • Dead load


Q.201 Load bearing structure is effective and economical up to .. Floors.

  • 1 to 2

  • 2 to 3

  • 3 to 4

  • 4 to 5


Q.203 Unit of wind pressure is .. to .. Floors.

  • KN

  • KN/m2

  • KN/m3

  • KN/m4


Q.204 Generally to .. Floors.accleration due to earthquake in terms of gravitational accleration is taken as .. X g.

  • 1 to 5

  • 0.1 to 0.5

  • 0.5 to 1

  • 0.05 to 0.01


Q.205 In the flooring, .. Is filled below the bed concrete. to .. Floors.

  • Coarse aggregate

  • Brickbat

  • Murum

  • mortar



Q.207 .. Is negligible for buildings with small height. Floors.

  • Wind load

  • live load

  • dead load

  • snow load



Q.209 Most difficult task in stone masonry construction is ..

  • Carrying stone on upper floors

  • Stone joints

  • Dressing of stone

  • plastering


Q.210 Out of the following, .. Need plastering. ..

  • Stone walls

  • Roofs

  • False ceilings

  • Brick walls


Q.211 Vertical joints of a brick masonry are .. ..

  • Continuously vertical

  • Staggered

  • Very thin

  • Very thick


Q.212 Walls of a load bearing construction on the ground floor are always .. Than upper floors.

  • Thicker

  • Hallow

  • Taller

  • unplasrered


Q.213 Load transfer for a framed construction is through .. Of beam and columns.

  • Mesh

  • Network

  • Frame work

  • slab


Q.214 .. Resists earthquake loads more efficiently Of beam and columns.

  • Framed structure

  • Load bearing structure

  • Steel structure

  • Composite structure


Q. 215 Large pieces of stones used in construction are called ..

  • Coarse aggregate

  • Metal

  • Artificial sand

  • rubble


Q.216 Bonding and laying bricks in .. Is known as brick masonry.

  • Plaster

  • Brick masonry

  • Mortar

  • cement


Q.217 Brick masonry generally has .. Horizontal joints. masonry.

  • Straight

  • Staggered

  • Meshed

  • hallow


Q.218 One of the requirements of brick masonry is .. masonry.

  • Dead load

  • Live load

  • Verticality

  • horizontality


Q.219 Main difference between stone masonry and brick masonry is .. For a building.

  • Plastering

  • Verticality

  • Bond

  • mortar


Q.220 Durability and appearance of wall is improved by .. masonry is .. For a building.

  • Joints

  • Curing

  • Plastering

  • concreting


Q.221 .. Should be well soaked in water before using for walls.

  • Bricks

  • Concrete

  • Mortar

  • reinforcement


Q.222 Generally .. Construction is slow. walls.

  • Composite

  • Load bearing

  • Framed

  • combined


Q.223 For large number of floors, load bearing structure is not preferrable because available .. On ground floor keeps reducing with increase in numbers of floors.

  • Built up area

  • Plot area

  • Live load

  • Carpet (usable) area


Q.224 Automated and robotized construction systems reduce ..

  • Unemployment

  • Time of construction

  • Speed of construction

  • Factor of safety


Q.225 Countries with high ..labour cost and labour shortage generally prefer ..

  • Rental houses

  • Unskilled labour

  • Old constructions

  • Automated/robotized systems


Q.226 Improved quality and improved working conditions are the characteristics of .. In construction industry.

  • Automation

  • Unemployment

  • Traditions

  • Unskilled labour


Q.227 Automated drilling, remotely controlled robots are essentials of ..

  • Mining automation

  • Building automation

  • Manual tunneling

  • Automatic concreting


Q.228 Concrete manufactured in a factory, brought to the site and pumped in to the formwork for multistoreyed buildings is known as ..

  • P.C.C.

  • R.C.C.

  • R.M.C.

  • P.S.C.


Q.229 For expressway project; .. Of the following is not used as a part of automation.

  • Contouring software

  • Asphalt paver

  • R.M.C.

  • profilometer


Q.230 For a used as a part of automation.multistoreyed building, materials are efficiently transported on upper floors by using .. As a part of automation.

  • Lifts

  • Unskilled labours

  • Dumpers

  • Tower cranes


Q.231 .. In construction is a machine intensive system rather than labour intensive system.

  • Software

  • Automation

  • Vehicles

  • electronocs


Q.202 Dead load is obtained by calculating .. rather than

  • Unit weight x volume

  • Unit weight/volume

  • Mass/volume

  • Mass x volume


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