The greenbelt question using remote sensing and multi criteria evaluation to guide land use
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The Greenbelt Question: Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use. NRE 441 – Remote Sensing Dwight “Fever” Davis Simon “the myth” van Leeuwen. History of greenbelts. Greenbelt Cities Current Greenbelt Movement Curb Sprawl Limit Growth Preserve Open Space

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The Greenbelt Question: Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use

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The greenbelt question using remote sensing and multi criteria evaluation to guide land use

The Greenbelt Question:Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use

NRE 441 – Remote Sensing

Dwight “Fever” Davis

Simon “the myth” van Leeuwen


History of greenbelts

History of greenbelts

  • Greenbelt Cities

  • Current Greenbelt Movement

    • Curb Sprawl

    • Limit Growth

    • Preserve Open Space

    • Preserve Character

Howard, E 1898


Remote sensing and sprawl

Remote Sensing and Sprawl

Hot-lant, 1997 www.nasa.gov


In the last 4 years

In the last 4 years

643 Measures

16 States

$23 Billion

- Wall Street Journal

November 7th, 2003


Ann arbor greenbelt

Ann Arbor Greenbelt

  • Rapid Sprawling Development Around A2

    • 50% growth in county over the next 30 years (SEMCOG)

  • Proposal B (2003)

    • Stated purpose preserve open space, promote smart growth


Green dreams

Green Dreams

  • Limitations

    • Purchasing Power

    • Acquisition Decisions

    • Patchy

    • Leap Frogging

    • Housing Prices

    • Regional Coordination


A boulder comparison

A Boulder Comparison

  • Boulder, CO Greenbelt

    • Comparison

      • Intent

        • Limit Growth

      • Natural Advantages

      • Timing (1968)

      • Regional Coordination

      • Acres

    • Negative Effects

      • Leap Frogging

      • Housing Prices

Terraserver, 2003


How is ann arbor using rs gis in the greenbelt

How is Ann Arbor using RS/GIS in the Greenbelt

  • How are they deciding what land to include in the greenbelt?

  • Is RS/GIS being used?

  • ???


Beyond the greenbelt

Beyond the Greenbelt

  • A Better Alternative

    • Formalized Process

    • Holistic Land Use

    • Stakeholder Inclusive

  • Our Proposal

    • Multi-Criteria Evaluation

http://www.a2openspace.org/


How it works

How It Works

  • Planning Workshops

    • Stakeholders and decision makers develop land-use criteria (baseline data)

  • Multi-Criteria Assessment

    • Produces suitability score for each sector

  • Multi-Objective Evaluation

    • Aggregates into suitability groups and compares across sectors

  • Incorporate Environmental Conflicts

    • Minimize conflict and maximize shareholder consensus


Mce and remote sensing

MCE and Remote Sensing

  • Baseline Criteria is based on RS

    • Elevation (Radar)

    • Soil

    • Proximity to Existing Development

    • Vegetation (NDVI)

    • Slope

    • etc

landsat 7


The greenbelt question using remote sensing and multi criteria evaluation to guide land use

MCE

Bojorquez-tapia, 2001


Conclusion

Conclusion

  • Future land use plan in the place of the simplistic belt

  • Avoids “Black Box” or “Case-by-case”

  • Stakeholder buy in

NRE 501 lab, Fall 2003

Future land use plan for Northeastern Washtenaw County


Thanks

Thanks

Aneetha Jayaraman

Dr. Nancy French

Map Library Librarians (8th floor, BABY!!)


Citations

Citations

  • Ann Arbor News, 10/12/2003.

  • Ann Arbor News 10/26/2003.

  • Bojorquez-tapia, Luis A. “GIS-based approach for participatory decision making and land suitability assessment”, int. j. geographical information science, 2001, vol. 15, no. 2, 129± 151

  • Brown, Dan, NRE 501

  • Eastman, J. R., W. G. Jin, et al. (1995). “Raster Procedures for MulticriteriaMultiobjective Decisions.” Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 61(5): 539-547.

  • Dramstad, Wenche E.; James Olson, and Richard T.T. Forman. “Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning.” Island Press, 1996.

  • Great Britain Department of the Environment. “The Green Belts.” Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1988.

  • Howard, Ebenezer, To-morrow: A peaceful path to Real Reform, 1898

  • Scargill, D.I., and K.E. Scargill. “Containing the City: the role of Oxford’s green belt.” School of geography research papers no. 51, University of Oxford, 1994.

  • http://www.a2openspace.org/

  • http://terraserver.microsoft.com/

  • http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/

  • http://landsat7.usgs.gov/index.php


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