The greenbelt question using remote sensing and multi criteria evaluation to guide land use
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The Greenbelt Question: Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use. NRE 441 – Remote Sensing Dwight “Fever” Davis Simon “the myth” van Leeuwen. History of greenbelts. Greenbelt Cities Current Greenbelt Movement Curb Sprawl Limit Growth Preserve Open Space

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The Greenbelt Question: Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use

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The Greenbelt Question:Using Remote Sensing and Multi-Criteria Evaluation to Guide Land Use

NRE 441 – Remote Sensing

Dwight “Fever” Davis

Simon “the myth” van Leeuwen


History of greenbelts

  • Greenbelt Cities

  • Current Greenbelt Movement

    • Curb Sprawl

    • Limit Growth

    • Preserve Open Space

    • Preserve Character

Howard, E 1898


Remote Sensing and Sprawl

Hot-lant, 1997 www.nasa.gov


In the last 4 years

643 Measures

16 States

$23 Billion

- Wall Street Journal

November 7th, 2003


Ann Arbor Greenbelt

  • Rapid Sprawling Development Around A2

    • 50% growth in county over the next 30 years (SEMCOG)

  • Proposal B (2003)

    • Stated purpose preserve open space, promote smart growth


Green Dreams

  • Limitations

    • Purchasing Power

    • Acquisition Decisions

    • Patchy

    • Leap Frogging

    • Housing Prices

    • Regional Coordination


A Boulder Comparison

  • Boulder, CO Greenbelt

    • Comparison

      • Intent

        • Limit Growth

      • Natural Advantages

      • Timing (1968)

      • Regional Coordination

      • Acres

    • Negative Effects

      • Leap Frogging

      • Housing Prices

Terraserver, 2003


How is Ann Arbor using RS/GIS in the Greenbelt

  • How are they deciding what land to include in the greenbelt?

  • Is RS/GIS being used?

  • ???


Beyond the Greenbelt

  • A Better Alternative

    • Formalized Process

    • Holistic Land Use

    • Stakeholder Inclusive

  • Our Proposal

    • Multi-Criteria Evaluation

http://www.a2openspace.org/


How It Works

  • Planning Workshops

    • Stakeholders and decision makers develop land-use criteria (baseline data)

  • Multi-Criteria Assessment

    • Produces suitability score for each sector

  • Multi-Objective Evaluation

    • Aggregates into suitability groups and compares across sectors

  • Incorporate Environmental Conflicts

    • Minimize conflict and maximize shareholder consensus


MCE and Remote Sensing

  • Baseline Criteria is based on RS

    • Elevation (Radar)

    • Soil

    • Proximity to Existing Development

    • Vegetation (NDVI)

    • Slope

    • etc

landsat 7


MCE

Bojorquez-tapia, 2001


Conclusion

  • Future land use plan in the place of the simplistic belt

  • Avoids “Black Box” or “Case-by-case”

  • Stakeholder buy in

NRE 501 lab, Fall 2003

Future land use plan for Northeastern Washtenaw County


Thanks

Aneetha Jayaraman

Dr. Nancy French

Map Library Librarians (8th floor, BABY!!)


Citations

  • Ann Arbor News, 10/12/2003.

  • Ann Arbor News 10/26/2003.

  • Bojorquez-tapia, Luis A. “GIS-based approach for participatory decision making and land suitability assessment”, int. j. geographical information science, 2001, vol. 15, no. 2, 129± 151

  • Brown, Dan, NRE 501

  • Eastman, J. R., W. G. Jin, et al. (1995). “Raster Procedures for MulticriteriaMultiobjective Decisions.” Photogrammetric Engineering and Remote Sensing 61(5): 539-547.

  • Dramstad, Wenche E.; James Olson, and Richard T.T. Forman. “Landscape Ecology Principles in Landscape Architecture and Land-Use Planning.” Island Press, 1996.

  • Great Britain Department of the Environment. “The Green Belts.” Her Majesty’s Stationary Office, 1988.

  • Howard, Ebenezer, To-morrow: A peaceful path to Real Reform, 1898

  • Scargill, D.I., and K.E. Scargill. “Containing the City: the role of Oxford’s green belt.” School of geography research papers no. 51, University of Oxford, 1994.

  • http://www.a2openspace.org/

  • http://terraserver.microsoft.com/

  • http://modis.gsfc.nasa.gov/

  • http://landsat7.usgs.gov/index.php


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