Saudi arabia
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Saudi Arabia. GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES. Saudi Arabia. Part of the Arabian Peninsula Saudi Arabia is one fourth the size of the United States Deserts cover much of the east and south There are mountain ranges in the southwest There are no rivers or lakes

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Saudi Arabia

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Saudi Arabia


GEOGRAPHIC FEATURES


Saudi Arabia

  • Part of the Arabian Peninsula

  • Saudi Arabia is one fourth the size of the United States

  • Deserts cover much of the east and south

  • There are mountain ranges in the southwest

  • There are no rivers or lakes

  • The Red Sea borders the west and the Persian Gulf borders the east

  • Largest oil reserve known

  • to man.


Deserts

  • These deserts have historically provided the Middle East with natural barriers against invasion

  • Rub al-Khali, or Empty Quarter,” in southern Saudi Arabia.

    • the Empty Quarter is the largest sand desert in the world.


Wadis – Instant Springs


Wadis

Wadis are dry stream beds that fill with water only after rainfall in a desertor steppe region.


Desert Oasis: Water at a Premium!


OASIS

  • Oasis is a place where water comes to the surface in desert area.

  • "oasis" is believed to come from an ancient Egyptian word, "wah," meaning "fertile place in the desert."


Religion

Islam-The Big Picture

  • The Prophet Muhammad receives the revelation of the Qu’ran in 610

  • Qu’ran is the holy book of Islam

  • The two holiest cities of Islam are Makkah & Medina

  • Medina

  • Makkah


Pilgrims On

The Road to

And Camped

Outside of Makkah

Pil


Al-Haram Mosque Holds the Kaaba


The Kaaba

Located in Makkah, Saudi Arabia, the Kaaba is the most sacred site for Muslims. A Muslim must take the hajj (pilgrimage) to Mecca at least once in his/her life.


Language

  • Arabic


Calligraphy

  • Revered art in Saudi Arabia

  • Primary subject matter has historically been the Holy Qur’an


Daily Life


Climate of country

  • Temperatures can reach over 110 degrees Fahrenheit in the desert in the summer,

  • In the winter temperatures in the north and central parts of the country can drop below freezing.

  • Very little rain, only about four inches a year on average.


Fresh Groundwater Sources


DesalinizationPlants


Sports

  • Soccer, camel racing, volleyball, swimming, and basketball.

  • Camels start racing when they are two years old.

  • They practice running every day.


History


Saudi Arabia

  • An Ancient Trade Center

    • Located between the two great centers of civilization, the Nile River Valley and Mesopotamia

  • The Birth of Islam

    • Year 610, Muhammad, received a message from God in Makkah

    • 622, the Prophet led his followers to Medina

  • The Islamic Empire

    • 100 years after the birth of Islam, the Islamic Empire extended from Spain to parts of India and China

    • Caliph religious and political leaders of the empire or caliphate


Saudi Arabia

  • 1902, Abdul Aziz captured Riyadh & set on a 30-year campaign to unify the Arabian Peninsula

  • The modern Saudi state was founded in 1932 by King Abdul-Aziz

  • Housed the Kuwaiti Royal family and 400,000 refugees after Iraq invaded Kuwait in 1990

  • Allowed Western and Arab troops to deploy on its soil for the liberation of Kuwait during Desert Storm in 1991.

  • The presence of US troops on Saudi soil after the liberation of Kuwait became a source of tension between the royal family and the public until all operational US troops left the country in 2003


Government of Saudi Arabia

  • Saudi Arabia is a Monarchy

  • Abdallah bin Abdul Aziz al-Saud is the King and Prime Minister

  • Islamic (sharia) legal system

  • To vote 21 years of age; male

  • National symbol: palm tree surmounting two crossed swords


Saudi Arabia

Population: 26.6 million

Includes 5.5 million non-nationals

Ethnic groups: Arab 90%, Afro-Asian 10%

82% of total population Urban


DesertBedouins


Foodand People

  • Most popular food in Saudi Arabia is kabsa which is rice and meat

  • Arabic tea is also a famous custom

  • Some family members live in separate houses, but many extended families live together.


Women

  • Women cannot vote or be elected to high political positions.

    • Women will be able to vote and run in the 2015 local elections

  • Saudi Arabia is the only country in the world that prohibits women from driving.

  • There is evidence that many women in Saudi Arabia do not want radical change

  • Niqab


Saudi Oil Fields & Refineries


Saudi Arabia

  • 20% of the world's proven oil reserves

    • Largest of any country

  • Oil industry 45% of economy


Leading U. S. Oil Suppliers


Agriculture

  • Land useable for farming: 1.67%

  • Exports wheat, dates, dairy products, eggs, fish, poultry, fruits, vegetables and flowers to markets around the world


ArabianPeninsula

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Oman

  • Yemen

  • Persian Gulf States

  • Kuwait

  • Bahrain

  • Qatar

  • United Arab Emirates


The End

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