Lyon airport station
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Lyon Airport Station. The masterpiece of structure poet— Santiago Calatrava. By 蔡云帆 040989. 圣地亚哥 · 卡拉特拉瓦 ( Santiago Calatrava ).

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Lyon Airport Station

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Lyon airport station

Lyon Airport Station

The masterpiece of structure poet—

Santiago Calatrava

By 蔡云帆

040989


Santiago calatrava

圣地亚哥·卡拉特拉瓦(Santiago Calatrava)

世界上最著名的创新建筑师之一,也是备受争议的建筑师。由于 Calatrava 拥有建筑师和工程师的双重身份,他对结构和建筑美学之间的互动有着准绳的掌握。他认为美态能够由力学的工程设计表达出来,而大自然之中,林木虫鸟的形态美观,同时亦有着惊人的力学效率。所以,他常常以大自然作为他设计时启发灵感的泉源。 卡拉特拉瓦出生在西班牙巴伦西亚附近的Benimamet,在巴伦西亚修完建筑与城市设计专业以后,于1979年获得了瑞士苏黎世联邦工学院的结构工程博士学位,随后留校任教,并开始参加建筑设计竞赛。他的设计展现出技术理性所能呈现的逻辑的美,而又仿佛超越了地心引力和结构法则的束缚。有的时候,难免会让人想起外星来客,极其突兀的技术美似乎全然出乎地球人的常规预料。这当然是得益于他在结构工程专业上的特长。


Lyon airport station

Background about the project

Location

The airport is located 24km (15 miles) from Lyon

Car Parking

There are several parking options: short-time parking and long-time parking


Lyon airport station

It is built for the 1992 Winter Olympics in Abertville, France, this is Santiago Calatrava's competition winning Airport Railway Station for Lyon-Satolas - as a sketch, as a model and as the real thing.


Lyon airport station

对于一个拱结构,任意截面K处的弯矩为:

当达到合理拱轴线时,任意处的弯矩会为零,即:

这个就是合理拱轴线的方程,当拱符合合理拱轴线时,拱上只有轴力,没有弯矩,里昂机场也是根据这一原理进行设计的,充分发挥了材料的特性


Lyon airport station

当屋顶作用有自重应力和雪荷载等外部荷载时,将把力传给三角形屋架,两边正好抵消,所以屋架实际上只受到一个向上的力,这个力正好可以抵消一部分作用在上述拱上的向下的荷载,减小了实际受到的荷载.

所以这种悬臂屋顶和大跨拱的结构设计非常巧妙合理


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