Events leading to a National Split. Chapter 2 Section 1. Reform and Westward Expansion. Reform: to change/make better, improve. 1820’s-Voting laws change-all males over 21 (even if they don’t own property) can now vote. In some states even free black men can vote.
Chapter 2 Section 1
Presidential Issue #2
The Second Great Awakening found people passionate about what seemed right or wrong- And their actions spoke volumes.
enslaved African Americans
Frederick Douglas-a former slave who ran away and found freedom in North. Started an anti-slavery newspaper, became a powerful speaker at meetings. Told stories of awful treatment by masters.
Harriet Tubman-fled for freedom from Maryland but returned to help others escape using the underground railroad. She was a conductor and was called the “Moses of our People”, she led over 300 people to freedom. She worked for the Union army as a cook, a nurse and spy.
-Women fight for slave rights-1830’s Philadelphia Female Anti-Slavery Society.
They created the Declaration of Sentiment-modeled after the Dec. of Indep.
“We hold these truths to be self-evident: that all men and women are created equal…”
Mexico gets $15 million dollars and its citizens lives are changed forever.
Soldiers (American and Mexican)who had known each other and fought together in Texas would soon face each other in battle-on opposite sides!
This anti-slavery novel was a best seller in North, but South said it presented an unfair picture…? Really?
Democratic Party (Started by Andrew Jackson)
-Party of Slavery
-Ideas of Majority rule
-The average person can run and serve in government.
Republican Abraham Lincoln vs. Democrat Stephen Douglas
Northern democrat Stephen Douglas and Southern democrat John Breckinridge.
The outcome? Well the democrats are divided and the majority of votes goes to Lincoln.
*Won 18 north and western free states. Only 40% of Popular vote and 60% of electoral vote.
South so mad it secedes(breaks away) on December 20, 1860.