Evacuation
Download
1 / 24

EVACUATION! - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 124 Views
  • Uploaded on

EVACUATION!. Understanding Behavioral Aspects of Emergency Response in Individuals David R. Blossom, ALCM, CFPS, CIF1 Sr. Consultant—Amerisure PCG. Why This Topic?. Revelation—Challenged

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about ' EVACUATION!' - vanida


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Evacuation

EVACUATION!

Understanding Behavioral Aspects of Emergency Response in Individuals

David R. Blossom, ALCM, CFPS, CIF1

Sr. Consultant—Amerisure PCG


Why this topic
Why This Topic?

  • Revelation—Challenged

  • “I think that when people die in fires it’s not because of panic, it’s more likely to be the lack of panic”

  • Neil Townsend

    • Divisional Fire Officer

    • London Fire Brigade


Why this topic1
Why This Topic?

  • We must understand how people react.

  • This will allow us to—

    Anticipate challenges

    Conduct Effective Planning

    Avoid evacuation problems

    Provide effective training

    Save more lives



Incident perception
Incident Perception

  • Recognition

  • Validation

  • Definition

  • Evaluation

  • Commitment

  • Reassessment


Recognition
RECOGNITION

  • Identification of cues

  • Elements of notification

  • How we first become aware

  • Prior personal experience a factor

  • Threat recognition

  • Often cues must be overwhelming


Event recognition
Event Recognition

  • Event recognition

  • Different recognition/same event

  • Different response/same recognition

  • Key elements

  • Individualized Factors




Validation
VALIDATION

  • Validate the initial cues

  • Ambiguity = more information

  • More information = delay in response

  • Reassurance of the situation

  • Action not taken yet--confirmation


Definition
DEFINITION

  • Relating information to the individual

  • Just what are we experiencing

  • Correct identification of the incident

  • Proximity and magnitude

  • Lack of definition = increased stress

  • Personalization of the threat

  • Most stress before definition occurs

  • Structure and interpretation to define


Evaluation
EVALUATION

  • Understanding the situation

  • Necessary to develop response

  • Development of strategies

  • Initial decision making

  • Putting it all together

  • Formulating a response

  • Initiating response


Commitment
COMMITMENT

  • Initiate the behavioral response

  • Formulated in the evaluation process

  • Results in the active response

  • To a perceived threat

  • Results: completion, partial completion, non-completion of response strategy.


Non completion results
NON-COMPLETION RESULTS

  • Reassessment

  • Commitment


Reassessment
REASSESSMENT

  • Most stressful

  • Failure of previous attempts

  • Increased intensity

  • Less selective response


Successful outcome
SUCCESSFUL OUTCOME

  • Commitment / Reassessment

  • Rapid decrease in anxiety

  • Reassurance


Successive failures
SUCCESSIVE FAILURES

  • Increased anxiety

  • Frustration

  • Probability of success decreases

  • Increased potential for panic

  • Alternatives decrease

  • Less responsive

  • More reactive


Panic
PANIC

  • Is Panic bad?

  • What is Panic?

  • What causes Panic?

  • Is Panic Good?


Panic behavior
PANIC BEHAVIOR

A fear-induced flight behavior which is non-rational, non-adaptive, and nonsocial, which serves to reduce the escape possibilities of the group as a whole.

Flight or fleeing behavioral response that also involves extravagant and injudicious effort.


Nonadaptive behavior
NONADAPTIVE BEHAVIOR

  • Panic Behavior

  • Reentry Behavior

  • Rescue


Evidence supports this
EVIDENCE SUPPORTS THIS

  • Multiple studies

  • Panic often not a factor

  • Should have been

  • Understanding


Fire study results
FIRE STUDY RESULTS

  • Panic is very rare

  • Central motivation—seek information

  • Often a social response

  • Problems encountered during “normal” building use will be exacerbated during an emergency.


Reality what we do
REALITY—WHAT WE DO

  • Investigate conditions

  • Compare with experiences

  • Decide on action(s)

  • NOT “code” related

  • Familiar entry routes most often selected


We re only human
We’re Only Human

  • “You must think about people’s reactions to a fire in terms of the three basic stages of making sense of what’s going on, preparing to act and then acting”

    David Carter

    Professor, Liverpool University


ad