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WMO Information System (WIS). Heinrich Knottenberg Deutscher Wetterdienst Kaiserleistraße 42 D-63067 Offenbach am Main E-Mail: [email protected] Contents. Background Concept of WIS Impact on and benefit for WMO programmes Future actions Summary. Includes:

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Wmo information system wis l.jpg

WMO Information System (WIS)

Heinrich Knottenberg

Deutscher Wetterdienst

Kaiserleistraße 42

D-63067 Offenbach am Main

E-Mail: [email protected]


Contents l.jpg
Contents

  • Background

  • Concept of WIS

  • Impact on and benefit for WMO programmes

  • Future actions

  • Summary

WMO Metadata Workshop


Current wmo information system l.jpg

Includes:

(A) The World

Weather Watch

(WWW)

Current WMO Information System

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Current wmo information system4 l.jpg

With its vitally important systems:

A (i) The Global

Observing

System (GOS)

Current WMO Information System

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Current wmo information system5 l.jpg

A (ii) The Global

Data Processing

System (GDPS)

Current WMO Information System

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Current wmo information system6 l.jpg
Current WMO Information System

A (iii)

The Global

Telecom-

munication

System

(GTS)

WMO Metadata Workshop


Information types formats and transmission systems l.jpg
Information types, formats and transmission systems

  • ASCII

    • SYNOP, TEMP, CREX,...

    • XML

    • ...

  • Binary data formats

    • GRIB

    • BUFR

    • netCDF

    • ...

  • Graphical formats

    • MPEG

    • GIF

    • ...

  • Real time

    • meteorological

    • hydrological

    • marine

    • aeronautical

  • Non real time

    • climatological

    • chemical composition

    • agricultural

    • ...

  • Dial-up links

  • Leased circuits

  • Managed data networks

  • Internet

  • Satellite

  • HF Radio, Telegraphy

  • Post

  • ..

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Current wmo information system8 l.jpg

And also includes:

(B) The multiplicity of Internet-based systems to meet WMO related requirements not met by the WWW

Current WMO Information System

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Types of w ww centres l.jpg
Types of WWW Centres

  • NMC

    National Meteorological Centre, e.g., Brasila (Brazil)

  • RSMC

    Regional Specialised Meteorological Centre, e.g., Beijing (China)

  • WMC

    World Meteorological Centre, i.e. Melbourne, Moscow, Washington

  • RTH

    Regional Telecommunication Hub, e.g., Vienna, Cairo, …

  • RTH on MTN

    RTH on Main Telecommunication Network, e.g., New Delhi, Tokyo, Washington, …

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


World data centres wdc l.jpg
World Data Centres (WDC)

  • WDC for Meteorology, Asheville

  • WDC for Meteorology, Obninsk

  • WDC for Meteorology, Beijing

  • WDC for Climate, Hamburg

  • WMO WDC for Ozone and Ultraviolet Radiation

  • WMO WDC for Greenhouse Gases

  • WMO WDC for Aerosols

  • WMO World Radiation Centre

  • WMO WDC for Aerosol Optical Depth

  • WMO WDC for Precipitation Chemistry

  • WMO Global Runoff Data Centre

  • ...

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Trends in information requirements l.jpg

Increasing data volumes from remote sensing systems

TRENDS IN INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Trends in information requirements12 l.jpg

Increasing data volumes from numerical weather prediction systems

TRENDS IN INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Trends in information requirements13 l.jpg

The need to integrate different data sets (eg. Data from the GAW network with those from the GOS)

TRENDS IN INFORMATION REQUIREMENTS

Source: Dr Geoff Love, President of CBS, 2001

WMO Metadata Workshop


Trends in information technologies l.jpg

Exponential growth of the Internet - including global penetration

TRENDS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

Source: Internet Software Consortium (http://www.isc.org/) , 2003

WMO Metadata Workshop


Trends in information technology l.jpg

The opportunity is to take these new technologies and build a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

TRENDS IN INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Wmo congress xiv 2003 l.jpg
WMO Congress XIV a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data. (2003)

“The multiplicity of systems of the different Programmes causes incompatibilities, inefficiencies, duplication of efforts and higher overall costs.”

Congress approved the concept of FWIS, which will provide a single coordinated global infrastructure for the collection and sharing of information in support of all WMO and related international programmes.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Inter programme task team on fwis l.jpg
Inter-Programme Task Team on a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.FWIS

  • Created in 1998 by CBS-Ext(98), Karlsruhe (Germany)

  • Melbourne (Australia), 1-5 Nov. 1999

  • Monterey, CA (USA), 28 Aug. - 1 Sep.2000

  • Langen (Germany), 25-29 Jun. 2001

  • Johannesburg (South Africa), 23-27 Sep. 2002

  • Kuala Lumpur (Malaysia), 20-24 Oct. 2003

  • Geneva (Switzerland), 22-24 Sep. 2004

    Result: Concept, pilot projects

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Cross programme requirements for fwis l.jpg
Cross-programme requirements for FWIS a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Widely available and electronic (on-line) metadata and data catalogues of all relevant data required by the WMO Programmes

  • Harmonisation of data formats, transmission standards, archiving and distribution mechanisms to better support inter-disciplinary use of data and products.

  • Standard practices for the collection, electronic archival and exchange of metadata, both high-level and detailed, especially for stations and instruments.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Technical requirements l.jpg
Technical requirements a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Routine collection and automated dissemination of all observed data and products (”push”) according to requirements.

  • Ad-hoc requests for data and products (”pull”)

  • FWIS should be reliable, cost-effective, modular, scalable, and flexible to support:

    • Different user groups

    • Various data policies, such as WMO Res. 40 and 25

    • Data as well as network security

    • Integration of diverse datasets

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Virtual structure of fwis l.jpg
Virtual structure of FWIS a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • National Centres (NC)

  • Global Information System Centres (GISC)

  • Data Collection and Production Centres (DCPC)

  • Data communication network

The names of these virtual centres describe their functionality, not the actual organisational entities. There may be organisations, such as NMHSs, which combine all three virtual centres within one facility.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


National centre nc l.jpg
National Centre a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data. (NC)

  • Collect national observations

  • “Push” data intended for global dissemination to the associated GISC

  • “Push” data intended for regional or specialised distribution to the associated DCPC

  • Collect, generate and disseminate products for national use.

  • Participate in monitoring the performance of the system

  • Authorize their national users to access FWIS, as appropriate

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Global information system centre gisc l.jpg
Global Information System Centre (GISC) a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Receive observations intended for global exchange from NCs and DCPCs within their area of responsibility

  • Exchange information intended for global exchange with other GISCs

  • Disseminate, within its area of responsibility, the data and products agreed by WMO for global exchange

  • Hold the data and products agreed for global exchange for at least 24 hours and make it available via WMO request/reply (”Pull”) mechanisms

  • Maintain, in accordance to the WMO standards, a catalogue of all data and products for global exchange and provide access to this catalogue

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Data collection and production centre dcpc l.jpg
Data Collection and Production Centre (DCPC) a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Receive information intended for dissemination to NCs within its area of responsibility (i.e. regional collection)

  • Collect programme-specific data and products

  • Produce regional or specialized data and products

  • “Push” information intended for global exchange to their associated GISC

  • Disseminate information intended for regional exchange

  • Support access to their products via request/reply (”Pull”) mechanism

  • Maintain data and product catalogues in a WMO-agreed standard format and facilitate access to this catalogue

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Data communication network l.jpg
Data communication network a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

The data communication network should:

  • be based on an agreed technology available to the participating centres

  • be capable of handling the data volumes

  • include satellite communication channels, terrestrial links and managed data network services

  • handlethe agreed transmission protocols

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Information distribution l.jpg
Information distribution a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


New features l.jpg
New features a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Common to all WMO programmes

  • Supporting real and non-real time data sets

  • Supporting “pull” and “push”mechanisms for all data

  • Supporting various communication protocols for data transmission

  • Using different types of communication links as available and appropriate, including GTS, satellites and Internet

  • Using off-the-shelf hardware and software systems

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Fwis design concepts l.jpg
FWIS design concepts a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

, NC

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Other relevant activities l.jpg
Other relevant activities a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • EUMETNET UNIDART project

    • development of a meteorological Web portal which will provide uniform access to meteorological data and products through the Internet using Grid services

  • CliWare

    • Russian information system that allows authorized users to access hydro-meteorological data and products over the Internet

  • Earth System Grid

    • US project that enables management, discovery, distributed access, processing, & analysis of distributed terascale climate research data

  • NCAR Community Data Portal

  • DMAC of IOOS

    • US project to acquire and use ocean-related data

  • NERC DataGrid

    • UK e-Science project for accessing environmental information

  • RA-VI VGISC project

  • WIS VPN Pilot Project in RAs II and V

Dieter R.Sanek, 2005

WMO Metadata Workshop


Impact on and benefits for wmo l.jpg
Impact on and benefits for WMO a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • FWIS concerns only telecommunication and data management functions of the WMO and does not affect the data processing components of any WMO Programme.

  • Provision of data and products on the basis of request/reply services would likely be the most significant addition.

  • Programmes would benefit from the services offered by FWIS for the implementation of their data exchange tasks.

  • For individual users, either a person or an institution, FWIS would provide a single entry point for any data request, be it on a routine basis by dissemination of certain user defined information sets or on an ad-hoc basis for a special data set.

  • By making use of off the shelf technologies of a lower cost, FWIS would allow least developed Members, for the first time, to actively participate in the WMO Programmes, specifically the WWW.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


How could fwis be constructed l.jpg
How could FWIS be constructed? a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • A GISC is a new development (metadata directories, etc.)

  • The NC and DCPC basically already exist and add interfaces for new services

  • A pilot project for GISC development is the RA-VI VGISC project

  • Development of more GISC’s projects, e.g. RA-II project

  • Workshop in conjunction with CBS-Ext(06)

  • Trials of inter-GISC communication after 2006

  • Phased implementation of FWIS from 2008 onwards

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Ra vi vgisc project l.jpg
RA-VI VGISC Project a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • In 2001, RA-VI decided to create a project for the development of a prototype GISC.

  • The NMSs of France, Germany and the UK have volunteered to jointly design and implement a virtual GISC (VGISC) shared by their Services and to include the ECMWF and EUMETSAT as DCPCs into the concept, funded partially as EU project SIMDAT.

  • A proof-of-concept system was demonstrated during CBS XIII.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


Vgisc project overview l.jpg
VGISC Project Overview a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

Steering Group

(Geerd Hoffmann, DWD)

2001

VGISC-Definition and -Prototype

2005 (beginning)

VGISC-SIMDAT

2006 (mid)

2008 (end)

VGISC-Operations

WMO Metadata Workshop


Vgisc working groups l.jpg
VGISC Working Groups a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Data Policy (Francois Duvernet, Meteo France)

  • Data Management (Steve Foreman, UK Met)

  • Data Acquisition and Dissemination (H. Knottenberg, DWD)

  • Communication (Hans Janßen, DWD)

WMO Metadata Workshop


Pull request handling l.jpg
“Pull” request handling a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


Push distribution l.jpg
“Push” distribution a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


Slide36 l.jpg

CBS 2005 GISC Prototype a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • DWD: Portal

  • DWD: Push/Pull System

  • DWD: Access to climate time-series data (UNIDART-Project)

  • UK Met Office: XML Metadata / - Data Prototype (Description only)

  • ECMWF: Model Analyses

  • EUMETSAT: Access to EUMETCast Dissemination

  • NCAR: Model Analyses


Slide37 l.jpg

Installation at the CBS XIII in Saint Petersburg a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

Internet

Hotel wireless LAN

Interactive

Client

Client

VGISC

LAN

MSG

Server

Ninjo

Server

DVB

Broadcast

Dissemination

EUMETCast

Receiver

Ninjo

Client

Provided by EUMETSAT (Exhibition Hall)


Slide38 l.jpg

WMO Metadata Workshop a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.


General l.jpg
General a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

SIMDAT

Data Grids for Process and Product Development

using Numerical Simulation and Knowledge Discovery

www.simdat.org

funded by the European Commission

WMO Metadata Workshop


Simdat application and technology l.jpg
SIMDAT Application and Technology a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

Application Activities

Four sectors of international economic importance:

Automotive

Pharmaceutical

Aerospace

Meteorology

Technology Activities

Seven Grid-technology development areas:

Grid infrastructure

Distributed Data Access

VO Administration

Workflows

Ontologies

Analysis Services

Knowledge Services

WMO Metadata Workshop


Simdat conceptual view l.jpg
SIMDAT Conceptual View a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


Vgisc simdat working groups l.jpg
VGISC-SIMDAT Working Groups a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • Project Manager: Matteo dell’ Aqua, ECWMF

  • Virtual Organisations (Lothar Wolf, EUMETSAT)

  • Ontology (Jeremy Tandy, UK Met Office)

  • Distributed Data (Jacques Roumilhac, Meteo France)

  • Grid Infrastructure (Hans Janßen, DWD)

WMO Metadata Workshop


Slide43 l.jpg

SIMDAT VGISC structure a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

Logo

WMO Metadata Workshop


Slide44 l.jpg

SIMDAT Demonstrator a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • To be presented to EU-Commission in November 2005:

  • VGISC-Nodes at the contributing sites

  • DWD: Access to climate time-series data

  • UK Met Office: XML Metadata / - Data Prototype

  • Meteo France: Model Output

  • ECMWF: Model Analyses

  • ECMWF: Observational Data (One Sample Day)


Wis vpn pilot project in ras ii and v l.jpg
WIS VPN Pilot Project in RAs II and V a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

„CBS XIII was also very pleased to note the success of the first phase of the Virtual Private Network project in Regions II and V, and that the pilot project would be significantly expanded with additional components, including prototype applications, and more participating NMHSs in the years 2005-2006."

Participants

  • Macao, China

  • Oman

  • Republic of Korea

  • Malaysia

  • New Zealand

  • Saudi Arabia

  • Vietnam

  • Australia

  • Brunei

  • China

  • Hong Kong, China

  • India

  • Iran

  • Japan

WMO Metadata Workshop


Wis vpn pilot project in ras ii and v46 l.jpg

Australia a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

(Simulating GISC)

Permanent or routine VPN link

Hong Kong, China

(Simulating NC)

Beijing

(Simulating DCPC)

Japan

(Simulating DCPC)

Vietnam

(Simulating NC)

Internet

Korea

(Simulating NC)

India

(Simulating NC)

Saudi Arabia

(Simulating NC)

Brunei

(Simulating NC)

New Zealand

(Simulating NC)

Malaysia

(Simulating NC)

(Pattern A) Test for branch links among a GISC, DCPCs and NCs on routine basis

WIS VPN Pilot Project in RAs II and V

WMO Metadata Workshop


Wis vpn pilot project in ras ii and v47 l.jpg
WIS VPN Pilot Project in RAs II and V a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


Slide48 l.jpg

Inter-Commission Coordination Group on FWIS a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.(ICG-FWIS)

Created in 2004 by EC-LVI through Resolution 2.

Terms of reference:

  • To coordinate the refinement and consolidation of the FWIS based on the approved concept and then the implementation planning phases;

  • To assess in detail the data exchange and data management requirements of WMO Programmes, at present and for the foreseeable future, which should be met by the FWIS;

  • To advise the technical commissions on the development in data-communications and management functions to be required in the FWIS as regards their respective programmes;

  • To guide the orderly evolution of existing WMO information systems towards FWIS;

  • To address the major issues that had been identified.

WMO Metadata Workshop


Inter commission coordination group on fwis l.jpg
Inter-Commission Coordination Group on FWIS a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

ICG-FWIS (First meeting in Geneva, 12-14 January 2005) recommended coordination mechanisms for the FWIS development and future activities:

  • Support of the proposed CBS Inter-Programme Expert Team on Metadata Implementation, Expert Team on FWIS GISCs and DCPCs and Expert Team on FWIS/GTS Communication Techniques and Structure.

  • Strongly supported the establishment of TCs’ Expert Teams that are relevant to FWIS (data-management, metadata, XML, data-exchange) and their mutual cooperation and coordination for fostering consistent and rapid FWIS development

  • Metadata aspects are crucial for the FWIS development and should be quickly consolidated, full endorsement of the WMO Core Profile of the ISO Metadata Standard.

  • Recommendation for organizing a inter-programme workshop on metadata, jointly with CBS/IPET-Metadata, by September 2005 and a workshop on GISC development, jointly with CBS/ET-GISC&DCPC (1 Q 2006)

  • Importance of the development of new Programme’s pilot projects to promote an early introduction of FWIS elements

  • Recommendation to rename FWIS as WIS (WMO Information System)

WMO Metadata Workshop


Summary l.jpg
Summary a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

  • The WIS would be used for the collection and sharing of information for all WMO and related international programmes.

  • The WIS vision provides a common roadmap to guide the orderly evolution of the information system functions performed by current WMO Programmes into an integrated system that meets efficiently all of the requirements of Members for the relevant international environmental information.

  • The support and involvement of regional associations and technical commissions is needed, as early as possible, in all phases of the WIS development in order to ensure a full and shared ownership of the project, and its effective implementation.

  • There should be a workshop on WIS in conjunction with CBS-Ext(06)

  • The implementation of WIS needs to be done in a phased approach in order to support the IPY (International Polar Year 2007/2008) and THORPEX.

Dieter C. Schiessl, WMO, Feb 2004

WMO Metadata Workshop


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The Metadata are the “Core” a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


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Thank you for your attention ! a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.

WMO Metadata Workshop


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WMO Metadata Workshop a logically separate Future WMO Information System (FWIS), using the Internet, which meets the requirements of all WMO programmes for the exchange of meteorological and related data.


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