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English 111. Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G, Unit 4. atrophy. (n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away Synonyms: (n.) degeneration, deterioration, (v.) wither Antonyms: (n.) growth, development (v.) mature, develop. bastion.

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english 111

English 111

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary

Level G, Unit 4

atrophy
atrophy
  • (n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away
  • Synonyms: (n.) degeneration, deterioration, (v.) wither
  • Antonyms: (n.) growth, development (v.) mature, develop
bastion
bastion
  • (n.) a fortified palace, stronghold
  • Synonyms: citadel, rampart, bulwark, parapet
concord
concord
  • (n.) a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant
  • Antonyms: disagreement, strife, discord
consummate
consummate
  • (v.) to bring to a state of completion or perfection; (adj.) complete or perfect in the highest degree
  • Synonyms: (v.) clinch, conclude; (adj.) masterful
  • Antonyms: (v.) launch, initiate, begin, kick off
disarray
disarray
  • (n.) disorder, confusion; (v.) to throw into disorder
  • Synonyms: (n.) disorganized; (v.) dishevel, mess up
  • Antonyms: (n.) organization, order, tidiness
exigency
exigency
  • (n.) urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency
  • Synonyms: requirement, crisis
flotsam
flotsam
  • (n.) floating debris; homeless, impoverished people
  • Synonyms: floating wreckage
frenetic
frenetic
  • (adj.) frenzied, highly agitated
  • Synonyms: frantic, overwrought, distraught
  • Antonyms: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely
glean
glean
  • (v.) to gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers
  • Synonyms: collect, cull, pick up
grouse
grouse
  • (n.) a type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble
  • Synonyms: gripe, kvetch, bellyache
incarcerate
incarcerate
  • (v.) to imprison, confine, jail
  • Synonyms: intern, immure
  • Antonyms: liberate, release, free
incumbent
incumbent
  • (adj.) obligatory, required; (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of
  • Synonyms: (adj.) mandatory, necessary
  • Antonyms: (adj.) optional, unnecessary
jocular
jocular
  • (adj.) humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
  • Synonyms: waggish, facetious, droll, witty
  • Antonyms: humorless, solemn, grave, earnest, grim
ludicrous
ludicrous
  • (adj.) ridiculous, laughable, absurd
  • Synonyms: risible, preposterous
  • Antonyms: heartrending, poignant, pathetic
mordant
mordant
  • (n.) biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh
  • Synonyms: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing
  • Antonyms: bland, mild, gentle, soothing
nettle
nettle
  • (n.) a prickly or stinging plant; (v.) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely
  • Synonyms: (v.) peeve, annoy, incense, gall, irk
  • Antonyms: (v.) please, delight, soothe, pacify
pecuniary
pecuniary
  • (adj.) consisting of or measure in money; of or related to money
  • Synonyms: monetary, financial
pusillanimous
pusillanimous
  • (adj.) contemptibly cowardly or mean spirited
  • Synonyms: craven, lily-livered
  • Antonyms: stouthearted, courageous, daring
recumbent
recumbent
  • (adj.) in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting
  • Synonyms: prone, prostrate, supine, inactive
  • Antonyms: erect, upright, energetic, dynamic
stratagem
stratagem
  • (n.) a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end
  • Synonyms: ruse, trick, ploy, subterfuge
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