English 111
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English 111. Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G, Unit 4. atrophy. (n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away Synonyms: (n.) degeneration, deterioration, (v.) wither Antonyms: (n.) growth, development (v.) mature, develop. bastion.

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English 111

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English 111

Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary

Level G, Unit 4


  • (n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away

  • Synonyms: (n.) degeneration, deterioration, (v.) wither

  • Antonyms: (n.) growth, development (v.) mature, develop


  • (n.) a fortified palace, stronghold

  • Synonyms: citadel, rampart, bulwark, parapet


  • (n.) a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant

  • Antonyms: disagreement, strife, discord


  • (v.) to bring to a state of completion or perfection; (adj.) complete or perfect in the highest degree

  • Synonyms: (v.) clinch, conclude; (adj.) masterful

  • Antonyms: (v.) launch, initiate, begin, kick off


  • (n.) disorder, confusion; (v.) to throw into disorder

  • Synonyms: (n.) disorganized; (v.) dishevel, mess up

  • Antonyms: (n.) organization, order, tidiness


  • (n.) urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency

  • Synonyms: requirement, crisis


  • (n.) floating debris; homeless, impoverished people

  • Synonyms: floating wreckage


  • (adj.) frenzied, highly agitated

  • Synonyms: frantic, overwrought, distraught

  • Antonyms: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely


  • (v.) to gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers

  • Synonyms: collect, cull, pick up


  • (n.) a type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble

  • Synonyms: gripe, kvetch, bellyache


  • (v.) to imprison, confine, jail

  • Synonyms: intern, immure

  • Antonyms: liberate, release, free


  • (adj.) obligatory, required; (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of

  • Synonyms: (adj.) mandatory, necessary

  • Antonyms: (adj.) optional, unnecessary


  • (adj.) humorous, jesting, jolly, joking

  • Synonyms: waggish, facetious, droll, witty

  • Antonyms: humorless, solemn, grave, earnest, grim


  • (adj.) ridiculous, laughable, absurd

  • Synonyms: risible, preposterous

  • Antonyms: heartrending, poignant, pathetic


  • (n.) biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh

  • Synonyms: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing

  • Antonyms: bland, mild, gentle, soothing


  • (n.) a prickly or stinging plant; (v.) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely

  • Synonyms: (v.) peeve, annoy, incense, gall, irk

  • Antonyms: (v.) please, delight, soothe, pacify


  • (adj.) consisting of or measure in money; of or related to money

  • Synonyms: monetary, financial


  • (adj.) contemptibly cowardly or mean spirited

  • Synonyms: craven, lily-livered

  • Antonyms: stouthearted, courageous, daring


  • (adj.) in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting

  • Synonyms: prone, prostrate, supine, inactive

  • Antonyms: erect, upright, energetic, dynamic


  • (n.) a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end

  • Synonyms: ruse, trick, ploy, subterfuge

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