Election of 1824 a corrupt bargain
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John Quincy Adams Fewer popular votes than Jackson Clay threw support to Adams House of Reps chose J. Q. Adams Clay became Adams’ Secretary of State. Andrew Jackson Most popular votes Most electoral votes Accused Adams, Clay, and Congress of a “Corrupt Bargain”

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Election of 1824: A Corrupt Bargain?

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Election of 1824 a corrupt bargain

John Quincy Adams

Fewer popular votes than Jackson

Clay threw support to Adams

House of Reps chose J. Q. Adams

Clay became Adams’ Secretary of State

Andrew Jackson

Most popular votes

Most electoral votes

Accused Adams, Clay, and Congress of a “Corrupt Bargain”

Fueled campaign for 1828 election

Election of 1824:A Corrupt Bargain?


Map 11 1 presidential election of 1824 p 318

Map 11.1 Presidential Election of 1824 (p. 318)


Jackson enters national politics election of 1824

Jackson enters National Politics: Election of 1824


Map 11 2 presidential election of 1828 p 321

Map 11.2 Presidential Election of 1828 (p. 321)


Andrew jackson

Andrew Jackson

  • President from 1828-1836

  • “Old Hickory”

  • Democratic-Republican (shortened to Democrats)

  • First non-”notable” to be elected president


Jacksonian democracy

Jacksonian Democracy

  • More ‘power’ to the common man.

  • Gave the ‘common’ man (western farmers, southern yeoman, etc. a feeling of franchisement.

  • Key state-level democratic reforms

    • -Universal male suffrage

    • -“King Caucus”

    • -Popular campaigning

    • -More elected offices

    • -Rotation in office


Revolution of 1828 jacksonian democracy

Revolution of 1828: Jacksonian Democracy

  • A more democratic society - small “d” democratic

  • Common people felt they had a representative in the White House

  • “Spoils System”


Two party system

Two-Party System

  • Effectively ended the One party system of Democratic-Republicans.

  • Opposition party formed called the “Whigs”


Whigs and democrats

Whigs and Democrats


Figure 11 1 changes in voting patterns 1824 1840 p 320

Figure 11.1 Changes in Voting Patterns, 1824–1840 (p. 320)


Andrew jackson issues

Andrew Jackson: Issues

  • Nationalism vs. States’ Rights

  • Nullification and Federal Authority

  • Bank of the United States

  • Indian Removal


The nullification crisis

The Nullification Crisis

  • Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt southern cotton producers

  • Perceived as a sectional law favoring manufacturing interests in the NE.

  • John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and Protest


The nullification crisis1

The Nullification Crisis

  • Tariff of 1828 (Tariff of Abominations) - hurt southern cotton producers

  • Perceived as a sectional law favoring manufacturing interests in the NE.

  • John C. Calhoun - South Carolina Exposition and Protest


Nullification crisis of 1833

Nullification Crisis of 1833

  • Tariff of 1832 passed.

  • South Carolina convention ‘nullified’ them both

  • Jackson threatened force (Force Bill of 1833) if SC didn’t abide by federal law

    • Jackson despised nullification calling it unconstitutional

  • 1833 - Compromise tariff engineered by….. (drum roll) Henry Clay.


Sectionalism vs nationalism tariff of 1832 abominations

Sectionalism vs. NationalismTariff of 1832 (Abominations)

  • Maysville Road Veto

  • Webster-Hayne Debate

  • Nullification

  • States’ Rights?


The bank of the united states bus

Jackson hated the 2nd BUS manager, Nicholas Biddle

1832 - Jackson vetoed the re-charter of the Bank Bill

Jackson saw the Bank as harmful to the western farmers with it’s tight money policies

Viewed Bank as favoring privilege and industry

The Bank of the United States (BUS)


Jackson s view of the bank of the united states bus

Jackson’s View of the Bank of the United States (BUS)


Jackson destroys the bank p 326

Jackson Destroys the Bank (p. 326)


King andrew the first

King Andrew the First

  • Jackson re-defined the executive power of the presidency

  • Critics depicted him as depicted him as a tyrant and maverick


Jackson and the bank of the united states

Jackson and the Bank of the United States


The panic of 1837

The Panic of 1837

  • Jackson withdrew all federal funds from the BUS and deposited them in ‘pet banks’

  • Spawned a speculative land fever on western lands = massive inflation of land values (overvalued)

  • 1836 - Jackson issued the “Specie Circular” ordering all land purchases be made in gold and silver.

  • Paper banknotes lost their value and land sales plummeted

  • Panic of 1837 - led to an economic depression until the early 1840s.


Us indian policy 1820 1850

US Indian Policy: 1820-1850


U s federal indian policy

U. S. Federal Indian Policy

  • 1810-20 - War of 1812, death of Tecumseh and pan-Indian alliance, Creek Wars, Indian Springs Treaty of 1825, Seminole Wars

  • 1830 - Indian Removal Act - Gave President authority to trade SE tribes for their land in east for land in west. Provided money for land transfer and relocation

  • Black Hawk’s War (1832)


Black hawk 1767 1838 p 328

Black Hawk (1767–1838) (p. 328)


Indian policy and the cherokee nation

Indian Policy and the Cherokee Nation

  • Supreme Court decisions

    • Cherokee Nation v. Georgia (1831) - Marshall denied Cherokee claim as a separate republic. Rather, they were a domestic dependent nation. - ward of the US

    • Worcester v. Georgia (1832) - Marshall held that Cherokees were a distinct political community and entitled to federal protection from state interference (from Georgia)

    • Jackson’s response was: ‘John Marshall has made his decision, now let him enforce it.’

  • 1838 - Forced removal of remaining Cherokee to Indian Territory (present day Oklahoma) - along the “Trail of Tears”


Indian removal in the 1830s

Indian Removal in the 1830s


Election of 1824 a corrupt bargain

Map 11.3 The Removal of Native Americans, 1820–1843 (p. 327)

•file:///Users/jcorn/Desktop/APUSH%20PPTS/Animations/Indian%20Removal.htm


Andrew jackson s legacy

Andrew Jackson’s Legacy

  • Still debated. Admired by some, hated by others.

  • Strong influence on his generation both politically and economically.

  • Defined an era…


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