Harvesting storing forages
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Harvesting & Storing Forages. What factors determine time to harvest forage?. Balance between quality and yield Weather conditions -rain leaches nutrients. How is forage quality determined?. Physical Appearance. Visual Appearance Color Odor (pleasant). Chemical Analysis. Protein Content

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Physical appearance
Physical Appearance

  • Visual Appearance

  • Color

  • Odor (pleasant)


Chemical analysis
Chemical Analysis

  • Protein Content

  • Fiber Content

  • Digestibility

  • Lignin Content



  • Harvest before the crop is fully mature






High moisture systems
High Moisture Systems

  • Green Chopped

  • Haylage (40-60%)

  • Silage (60-70%)


Special forage processing systems
Special ForageProcessing Systems

  • Stationary Cubers

  • Pelleting Machines


Causes of deterioration
Causes of Deterioration

  • Harvest (late or early)

  • Bailing (wet / too dry)

  • Improper storage



  • Proper harvesttime, methods, and moisture content

  • Maintain storage facilities



Dry hay
Dry Hay

  • Weather protection

  • Pest protection

  • Adequate ventilation


Silage haylage
Silage / Haylage

  • Weather protection

  • Pest protection

  • Air tight facility


Silage haylage1
Silage / Haylage

  • Convenient for filling, emptying, monitoring, & cleaning



  • Swath drying

  • Windrow drying

  • Conditioning

  • Chemical additives


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