Charles I. How a King managed to turn two nations against him. How Charles lost England by ticking off parliament & everyone else. Dismal relations with parliament 3 bitter and fractious affairs at the start of his rule
How a King managed to turn two nations against him.
Because the bill was so narrowly passed, Charles thought that if he arrested the leaders of the bill, parliament would be on his side. Clearly there were still some people in parliament who supported him.
With 500 soldiers, Charles stormed parliament to arrest the leading MPs.
However, his scheme hadn’t been so secretive, and the 5 MP had escaped.
This move was in clear violation of the “Privilege of Parliament” so no arrests were made, only new enemies in Parliament.
In retaliation to Charles’s smooth move, open rebellions sprung up in the streets
Thousands of citizens armed themselves and surrounded Parliament. The leading MPs returned to their seats to the cheers of their peers.
Charles, fled London, went North to Nottingham, where he would have support.
The queen, Henrietta Maria, did her job… she brought the royal jewels with her, to help pay for her husband’s army.
In Nottingham, Charles raised his standard, effectively declaring war on Parliament.
Parliament only called when king wants
Divine right of Kings
Puritans are more influential in the houses
King spending large amounts of money on frivolous things
James doesn’t call parliament for 7 years
Hates on for puritans, who happen to be the majority of parliament
Taxes, ship money, tunnage and poundage, forced loans, selling titles; for extravagant living and bad wars
Inflation of money with all the gold, silver, trading
Witch hunt fever, unity against them
Trade and entrepreneurs changing face of social hierarchy and country landscape.
New Model Army