General concepts of exercises to test preparedness
Sponsored Links
This presentation is the property of its rightful owner.
1 / 25

General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 143 Views
  • Uploaded on
  • Presentation posted in: General

IAEA Training in Emergency Preparedness and Response. General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness. Module L-051. Lecture. Objectives. Understand the concept of an integrated emergency preparedness program Understand the role of exercises within that program

Download Presentation

General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

Presentation Transcript


IAEA Training in Emergency Preparedness and Response

General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness

Module L-051

Lecture


Objectives

  • Understand the concept of an integrated emergency preparedness program

  • Understand the role of exercises within that program

  • Know the different types of exercises

  • Know the purpose of exercises

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Background

  • EPR-METHOD 2003 – Method for Developing Arrangements for Response to a Nuclear or Radiological Emergency provides:

    • Elements of good response plans and arrangements

    • Performance objectives

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Background (cont’d)

  • The evaluation of plans and resources is not sufficient

  • Training is important

  • The ability to perform is what matters

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Emergency Preparedness Program

QA

Programme

Organization

Authority

Meet

Response

Plans and

Procedures

Coordination

Objectives

Training

drill and

exercises

Logistical

support and

facilities

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Three Components of an Effective Emergency Preparedness Program

Plans

and

procedures

Exercises

Training

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Emergency Preparedness Effectiveness

  • How do we know if all the emergency preparedness is effective?

  • Do we know if it will really work?

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Evaluating Performance

  • Real Emergency

  • Drill

  • Table Top

  • Test

  • Exercise

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Real Emergency

  • The real test!

  • A learning experience, although too late

  • Even small incidents provide a good learning opportunity

    • If properly evaluated (post mortem)

    • If feed back process

    • If a positive learning attitude is maintained

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Drill

  • Drill = small directed exercise

  • Purpose is learning or testing a small portion of the plan or procedures

  • Examples

    • Activation drill

    • Survey drill

    • Medical drill

    • Decision-making drill

  • A drill is often preceded and/or followed by a training session

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Communications

Notification

Station personnel accounting

Radiological monitoring

Off-site exposure assessment

Personnel dose assessment and control

Contamination control

Off-site protective actions

Medical first aid

Emergency analysis

Public information

Examples of Drills

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Table Top

  • Table top = exercise without deployment of resources

  • Used mainly for decision-makers

  • Evolution can be slow-time and discussion is encouraged

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Test

  • Test = evaluated or graded exercise for an individual or a team

  • A great way to verify performance

  • Examples: operator testing

  • Not suitable for a large organization or for several interacting organizations

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Exercises

  • Exercise = coordinated response to a simulated and complex scenario

  • Exercises challenge

    • Plan

    • Procedures

    • Resources

    • Performance

  • The only real way (except for real emergencies) to test the integrated performance

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Exercises (cont’d)

  • Exercises are also an excellent training opportunity to:

    • Test new concepts

    • Learn to respond under stress

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Facility emergency

On-Site

Off-Site

Full Scale

Transport emergency, etc.

On-scene

Pre-hospital

Hospital emergency

Longer-term medical management

Exercises

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Why Exercises?

  • Emergency response exercises are:

    • Powerful tool for verification and improvement

    • Used for training, validation, evaluation and regulatory purposes

    • Increasingly considered an important part of safety

  • Their value depends on clear objectives:

    • Preparation

    • Conduct

    • Evaluation

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Purpose of an Exercise

  • To test the overall performance of emergency response plans, procedures, arrangements, resources and people

    • The main purpose is not to test individuals, but to test the system

    • The purpose of an exercise is not to demonstrate how good the response organizations are, or how bad they could be

  • To train

  • To test or explore new concepts and ideas

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Purpose of an Exercise (cont’d)

A good exercise is not necessarily one where everything goes well, but rather one where many good lessons are learned

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Purpose of an Exercise (cont’d)

  • Validate a new plan or a new concept

  • Periodic verification

  • Communications

  • Regulatory compliance

  • Continued improvement

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Secrets to a Good Exercise

  • Objectives must be clearly identified and communicated

  • Scenario must be realistic and challenging

  • Exercise instructions must be clear, well communicated and professional

  • Exercise control must be strict, non-intrusive and professional

  • Evaluation must be critical and well substantiated

  • Evaluation report must be timely

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Some Important Definitions:Exercise Team

  • Controllers

    • Manage the exercise

    • Provide the necessary injects and data

  • Evaluators

    • Take notes during the exercise

    • Evaluate the exercise

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Some Important Definitions: Players

  • Emergency responders

  • Take part in the exercise by taking actions required as if it were a real emergency

  • Part of the organizations being evaluated

  • Do not know the exercise scenario

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Some Important Definitions: Observers

  • Observers observe!

  • They do not interfere

  • They do not manage

  • They do not evaluate

  • They stay out of the way!

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


Summary

  • Emergency response exercises

    • Are part of a safety program

    • Are the only way to test performance in real time (other than real events)

    • Challenge the entire organization and its interfaces

    • Challenge communications

    • Can be an excellent continuous improvement tool

L-051: General Concepts of Exercises to Test Preparedness


  • Login