Acid nomenclature
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Acid Nomenclature. Science 10 Chemical Reactions. Recognizing Acids. Acids can be recognized from their formula: An acid’s formula either starts with H or ends with COOH. Naming Acids. If the negative ion ends in “-ide,” the acid is named as a “hydro ------ ic” acid.

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Acid Nomenclature

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Acid nomenclature

Acid Nomenclature

Science 10

Chemical Reactions


Recognizing acids

Recognizing Acids

  • Acids can be recognized from their formula:

    • An acid’s formula either

      • starts with H or

      • ends with COOH


Naming acids

Naming Acids

  • If the negative ion ends in “-ide,” the acid is named as a “hydro ------ ic” acid.

  • Examples are hydrochloric acid, HCl, and hydrocyanic acid, HCN.


Naming acids1

Naming Acids

  • If the negative ion ends in “-ate”, the acid is named as a “------- ic” acid.

  • Examples are nitric acid, HNO3, and sulphuric acid, H2SO4.


Naming acids2

Naming Acids

  • If the negative ion ends in “-ite,” the acid is named as a “------ ous” acid.

  • Examples are sulphurous acid, H2SO3, and nitrous acid, HNO2.


Summary

Summary


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