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14. INSTRUMENT. 23 JAN 2003. 20 MAR 2003 20 Feb 2003. DEPARTURE. PROCEDURES. 14. Enabling Learning Objective H ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications).

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14

INSTRUMENT

23 JAN 2003

20 MAR 2003

20 Feb 2003

DEPARTURE

PROCEDURES

14


  • Enabling Learning Objective H

  • ACTION: Plan and conduct a departure from an airfield

  • CONDITION: As an Army Aviator with all appropriate publications).

  • STANDARD: IAW FM 3-04.240, DOD Flip, and AR 95-1.


    • PURPOSE:

    • Departure Procedures provide:

    • Obstacle Clearance.

    • Planning information for minimum ceiling and visibility requirements,rate of climb, and altitudes to climb to.


    Design Criteria


    • During Take-Off/ Departure

    • Minimum Rate of Climb

      • Airports – 200 ft per NM

      • Heliports – 352 ft per NM

    • FM 3-04.240 & FAA Instrument Flying Handbook


    During Take-Off/ Departure

    Climb to 400 ft above airport/heliport elevation before any turn.

    Higher altitudes may be required.

    TB AVN 1-2130 SP, FAA Instrument Flying Handbook

    Determine rate of climb.


    T/O from an Airport: Climb 210 Feet Per Nautical Mile

    Feet Per Minute

    Rate of

    climb


    • GS = 80knots

    • Takeoff minimums requiring a climb rate of 352 feet per NM

      • Find : Rate of climb required

    468 fpm


    TYPES OF

    DEPARTURE PROCEDURES

    (DP’s)


    • Departure Procedures (DP’s)

    • Diverse Departure

    • Obstacle Departure Procedures

      • IFR Take-Off Minimums “Text”

      • Obstacle “Graphic”

      • Standard Instrument Departure (SID’s)

        • Pilot Nav

        • Vector

      • Radar Departure

      • VFR


    TAKE-OFF REQUIREMENTS


    • AR 95-1, Ch 5, Para 5-3

    • a. Ceiling and Visibility requirements for the person flying the aircraft at Take-Off.

    • Less than 50 hrs actualWx as PC – 100 - ¼

    • More than 50 hrs actual Wx as PC – 0-0

      • b. Comply with non-standard procedures when published.


    DEPARTURE PROCEDURES


    DIVERSE DEPARTURE

    No obstacles, identified, at an airport with an instrument approach, that encroach into the Obstacle Identification Slope.

    A turn in any direction at the minimum rate of climb will avoid any obstacle.


    DIVERSE DEPARTURE

    Airports without

    Take-Off Minimums

    listed have no

    obstacles that penetrate

    the OIS.


    Obstacle Departure Procedures (ODP)

    (Text)

    And

    Take-Off Minimums


    Obstacle Departure Procedures

    (Text)

    • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure

    • Provides Obstruction Clearance

    • May require: Greater than standard ceiling and/or visibility.

    • A specified altitude before turning.

    • A greater than 200 ft per NM Climb rate.

    • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.

    • May have information about obstacles only.


    Use Table of Contents

    Index Of Instrument Procedure

    Charts

    Determine if IFR Take-Off minimums (Non Standard) are published for departure airport.

    (Non-Standard Wx Minimum, ODP, and/or obstruction information)


    “Obstacle”

    DepartureProcedure

    (Graphic)


    Obstacle Departure Procedures

    (Graphic)

    • Preplanned IFR Departure Procedure

    • Published in graphic and text format.

    • Provides Obstruction Clearance

    • May be flown without an ATC Clearance.


    May be filed in a flight plan

    Using the computer code –

    (KENO 1 • KENO)


    Standard Instrument

    Departure

    (SID)


    • Standard Instrument Departure

    • (SID’s)

      • An ATC requested and developed procedure.

      • Requires Radar services for development and use.

      • ATC clearance required.


    • PURPOSE:

    • Expedite clearance delivery.

    • Facilitate seamless transition between Take-Off and en-route operations.

    • Reduces Pilot/Controller work load.

    • Ensure obstacle clearance (avoidance).


    Where Can I Depart From?

    AIRPORT SKETCH

    (from Approach Chart)

    Location and layout of helipads

    Airport elevation


    Use Table of Contents

    Index Of Instrument

    Procedure

    Charts

    Determine if a

    Standard Instrument Departure (SID)

    is available for an airport.


    SID LEGEND

    NAVAIDS

    ROUTES

    ALTITUDES

    MINIMUM SAFE ALTITUDE


    MARGIN INFORMATION

    NOTE FORMAT:

    CLIOS 2 • CLIOS

    Name of procedure

    Computer coded identifier for use on flight plans

    Originating Agency

    Area served

    Pilot Nav


    PLAN VIEW

    Current Weather

    Receive ATC clearance.

    Hover Taxi Instructions

    Hover Taxi Instructions

    Communication Information

    Clearance for TAKE-OFF

    ATC controller after Take-off

    As directed by ATC

    NAVAID Information

    Published Routes

    Radials


    DEPARTURE ROUTE DESCRIPTION

    Initial Departure Heading

    BASIC DEPARTURE PROCEDURE


    SID ends at CLIOS intersection


    HOUND Two

    Departure


    Pilot Nav


    SID ends at HOUND intersection


    OPPTO Two

    Departure


    Vector


    Army 12345 intercepting the Cairns 273 radial. Resume own navigation.

    Army 12345 turn left to heading 300.

    Aircraft may be vectored from Cairns to OPPTO intersection.

    Army 12345 turn left to heading 210.

    BASIC SID ends at OPPTO intersection

    CRESTVEW Transition


    SKIPO Two

    Departure


    Pilot Nav


    Basic SID ends at SKIPO intersection

    SID ends at SKIPO intersection


    Other Departure Procedures


    Other Departure Procedures

    Radar Vectors

    VFR


    Obtain an ATC Clearance

    An authorization to conduct

    IFR/IMC operations


    Obtain an ATC Clearance

    • Towered Airport

      • Clearance Delivery

      • Ground Control


    Obtain an ATC Clearance

    • Airport w/o Tower or Tower Closed

      • Radio (FSS)

        • RCO (Remote Communications Outlet)

        • GCO (Ground Communications Outlet)

      • Telephone (1-800 WX BRIEF)

      • 992-7433


    ?

    QUESTIONS


    Check on Learning

    1. What is the purpose of a departure procedure?

    To provide obstacle avoidance, information and procedures

    2. What are the types of departure procedures?

    • Obstacle departure procedure (ODP).

    • Standard Instrument Departure (SID).

    3. Who do you contact to obtain an ATC

    Clearance at an airport with an operating

    control tower.

    Clearance Delivery if there is one, otherwise

    Ground Control.


    Break Time

    Be back in place before altimeter reaches zero.


    You Transmit. AFSS Receives

    AFSS Transmits. You Listen


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