Chapter 22 the nation comes of age
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Chapter 22. The Nation Comes of Age. A Transportation Revolution Begins Americans Improve Cities and Services Americans Seek other Improvements The United States Intervenes in Mexico. Cities grew: Immigrants Farmers moving to cities

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Chapter 22 the nation comes of age
Chapter 22. The Nation Comes of Age

  • A Transportation Revolution Begins

  • Americans Improve Cities and Services

  • Americans Seek other Improvements

  • The United States Intervenes in Mexico


Cities grow

Cities grew:

Immigrants

Farmers moving to cities

New farming equipment = less people needed to do work on farms.

Cities needed to be appealing to the public:

- Parks created

- Skyscrapers invented

-Sports and entertainment venues.

Cities Grow


Transportation revolution begins
Transportation Revolution Begins

  • Automobile

    • Henry Ford – Model T – “Tin Lizzy”

    • Urban Sprawl

    • Free Enterprise – Laissez Faire

    • Assembly Line – Mass Production

    • Scientific Management

    • $ 5 Dollar Day

  • Airflight

    • Orville & Wilbur Wright


Model t automobile
Model T Automobile

Henry FordI want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!



Automobiles
Automobiles

  • Changed life

    • Paved roads

    • Traffic lights

    • Travel easier

    • Led to urban sprawl


Vocabulary terms
Vocabulary Terms

  • Urban sprawl- The unplanned & uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions.

  • Mass production- producing a large amount of goods in a short amount of time.

    • Businesses grew b/c of mass production


The reorganization of work
The Reorganization of Work

Frederick W. Taylor

The Principles of Scientific Management (1911)


The reorganization of work1
The Reorganization of Work

The Assembly Line


Who invented the airplane
Who invented the airplane?

  • Orville & Wilbur Wright.


Americans improve cities and services
Americans Improve Cities and Services

  • Skyscrapers

    • Louis Sullivan

  • Electric Transit

  • Urban Planning

    • Fredrick Law Olmsted

    • Central Park

  • Revolution in Printing

    • Mass Circulation

    • Web-Perfecting press

    • Linotype machine



Cities improve continued
Cities Improve Continued

  • Photography

    • George Eastman

    • Kodak Camera

  • Urban Shopping

    • Department Stores

    • Marshall Field

    • F.W. Woolworth

    • Cleveland, Ohio 1st Shopping Center


Cities improvements continued
Cities Improvements Continued

  • Dining Out

    • Delmonico’s

  • Settlement Houses

    • Jane Addams

  • Advertising

  • Mail order catalogs

    • Sears & Roebuck Co.

    • Montgomery Ward

    • Rural Free Delivery (RFD)


Americans seek other improvements
Americans Seek other Improvements

  • Expanding Public Education

    • Compulsory Education

    • McGuffey Readers

    • Growth of High School

    • Racial Discrimination - Plessy v. Ferguson

      • Booker T. Washington

      • George Washington Carver

      • W.E.B. DuBois

    • Education for Immigrants

    • Higher Education


Booker t washington
Booker T. Washington

  • Definition- He opened his own school, the Tuskegee Institute.

  • Significance- He believed that racism would end once African Americans learned labor skills and could give to the economy.


W e b dubois
W.E.B. DuBois

  • Definition- The 1st African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard.

  • Significance- He believed that blacks should seek an education so that there would be well-educated black leaders.


Improvements continued
Improvements Continued

  • Education Influences Culture

    • Popular Fiction – Mark Twain

    • Newspapers – Hearst & Pulitzer

  • African-Americans fight Discrimination

    • Voting Restrictions

      • Literacy Tests

      • Poll Tax

      • Grandfather Clause

      • Jim Crow Laws


Grandfather clause
Grandfather clause

  • African Americans could not vote if their grandfather did not vote before 1867.

  • The problem:

    -All African Americans could not vote in 1867.


Poll taxes
Poll Taxes

  • Money that African Americans needed to pay in order to vote.

  • The problem:

    • They would be charged more than they could afford.


Improvements continued1
Improvements Continued

  • Leisure Activities

    • Baseball

    • Boxing

    • Amusement Parks

    • Bicycling

  • Entertainment

    • Vaudeville

    • Ragtime

    • Silver Screen

    • Circus


U s intervenes in mexico
U.S. Intervenes in Mexico

  • Mexicans Revolt

    • Porfirio Diaz

    • Francisco Madero

    • Victoriano Huerta

  • Wilson adopts a waiting policy

    • Spread Democracy

    • Pancho Villa

    • John J. “Black Jack” Pershing

  • Advent of World War I


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