Chapter 22 the nation comes of age
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Chapter 22. The Nation Comes of Age. A Transportation Revolution Begins Americans Improve Cities and Services Americans Seek other Improvements The United States Intervenes in Mexico. Cities grew: Immigrants Farmers moving to cities

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Chapter 22. The Nation Comes of Age

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Chapter 22. The Nation Comes of Age

  • A Transportation Revolution Begins

  • Americans Improve Cities and Services

  • Americans Seek other Improvements

  • The United States Intervenes in Mexico


Cities grew:

Immigrants

Farmers moving to cities

New farming equipment = less people needed to do work on farms.

Cities needed to be appealing to the public:

- Parks created

- Skyscrapers invented

-Sports and entertainment venues.

Cities Grow


Transportation Revolution Begins

  • Automobile

    • Henry Ford – Model T – “Tin Lizzy”

    • Urban Sprawl

    • Free Enterprise – Laissez Faire

    • Assembly Line – Mass Production

    • Scientific Management

    • $ 5 Dollar Day

  • Airflight

    • Orville & Wilbur Wright


Model T Automobile

Henry FordI want to pay my workers so that they can afford my product!


“Model T” Prices & Sales


Automobiles

  • Changed life

    • Paved roads

    • Traffic lights

    • Travel easier

    • Led to urban sprawl


Vocabulary Terms

  • Urban sprawl- The unplanned & uncontrolled spreading of cities into surrounding regions.

  • Mass production- producing a large amount of goods in a short amount of time.

    • Businesses grew b/c of mass production


The Reorganization of Work

Frederick W. Taylor

The Principles of Scientific Management (1911)


The Reorganization of Work

The Assembly Line


Who invented the airplane?

  • Orville & Wilbur Wright.


Americans Improve Cities and Services

  • Skyscrapers

    • Louis Sullivan

  • Electric Transit

  • Urban Planning

    • Fredrick Law Olmsted

    • Central Park

  • Revolution in Printing

    • Mass Circulation

    • Web-Perfecting press

    • Linotype machine


Who Invented the Skyscraper?

-Louis Sullivan


Cities Improve Continued

  • Photography

    • George Eastman

    • Kodak Camera

  • Urban Shopping

    • Department Stores

    • Marshall Field

    • F.W. Woolworth

    • Cleveland, Ohio 1st Shopping Center


Cities Improvements Continued

  • Dining Out

    • Delmonico’s

  • Settlement Houses

    • Jane Addams

  • Advertising

  • Mail order catalogs

    • Sears & Roebuck Co.

    • Montgomery Ward

    • Rural Free Delivery (RFD)


Americans Seek other Improvements

  • Expanding Public Education

    • Compulsory Education

    • McGuffey Readers

    • Growth of High School

    • Racial Discrimination- Plessy v. Ferguson

      • Booker T. Washington

      • George Washington Carver

      • W.E.B. DuBois

    • Education for Immigrants

    • Higher Education


Booker T. Washington

  • Definition- He opened his own school, the Tuskegee Institute.

  • Significance- He believed that racism would end once African Americans learned labor skills and could give to the economy.


W.E.B. DuBois

  • Definition- The 1st African American to receive a doctorate from Harvard.

  • Significance- He believed that blacks should seek an education so that there would be well-educated black leaders.


Improvements Continued

  • Education Influences Culture

    • Popular Fiction – Mark Twain

    • Newspapers – Hearst & Pulitzer

  • African-Americans fight Discrimination

    • Voting Restrictions

      • Literacy Tests

      • Poll Tax

      • Grandfather Clause

      • Jim Crow Laws


Grandfather clause

  • African Americans could not vote if their grandfather did not vote before 1867.

  • The problem:

    -All African Americans could not vote in 1867.


Poll Taxes

  • Money that African Americans needed to pay in order to vote.

  • The problem:

    • They would be charged more than they could afford.


Improvements Continued

  • Leisure Activities

    • Baseball

    • Boxing

    • Amusement Parks

    • Bicycling

  • Entertainment

    • Vaudeville

    • Ragtime

    • Silver Screen

    • Circus


U.S. Intervenes in Mexico

  • Mexicans Revolt

    • Porfirio Diaz

    • Francisco Madero

    • Victoriano Huerta

  • Wilson adopts a waiting policy

    • Spread Democracy

    • Pancho Villa

    • John J. “Black Jack” Pershing

  • Advent of World War I


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