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Inc. Innovations. SCIENTIFIC. EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS (EDS) Based on GAMMA RESONANCE TECHNOLOGY (GRT). Scientific Innovations Inc. Joseph H. Brondo, Jr., CEO Brookhaven National Laboratory Lucian Wielopolski, PhD. Advanced Energy Systems Anthony Favali, CEO

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slide1

Inc.

Innovations

SCIENTIFIC

EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS (EDS)

Based on

GAMMA RESONANCE TECHNOLOGY (GRT)

Scientific Innovations Inc.

Joseph H. Brondo, Jr., CEO

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Lucian Wielopolski, PhD.

Advanced Energy Systems

Anthony Favali, CEO

Joseph Sredniawski, VP.

NSNRC: David Vardsky, PhD.

June 2002

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide2

EDS-GRT Objectives

A Joint Program by

Scientific Innovations, Inc.

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

Rapid deployment of resonance technology for detection and imaging of concealed explosives, chemical warfare agents, and dirty and nuclear bombs in shipping containers

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide3

EDS-GRT: Organization

Scientific Innovations Inc.

Liaison With the Industry

Principal Patent Holder

Brookhaven National Laboratory

R&D

Accelerator Electronics Targets

System Integration

Advanced Energy Systems Inc.

Engineering, Production

Nuclear Research Center Soreq, Israel

Resonance Detectors, Software

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt system configuration patents by scientific innovations inc
EDS-GRT System ConfigurationPatents by Scientific Innovations, Inc.

An accelerator is used to produce protons at a specific energy such that unique resonant gamma rays are generated from impingement on a specific target. The emitted gamma rays pass through a volume of interest and interact resonantly with specific elements of interest so that images of the elemental density are developed from the variation in gamma detection counts. Fluorescence or scattered gammas resonant with the element are also detected simultaneously. Non resonant gamma rays are used to image total density.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide5

EDS-GRT: Explosives

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide6

EDS-GRT: Explosives

Where:

TNT – 2,4,6-Trinitrotoluene

RDX – Hexogen

HMX – Octogen

Tetryl –

PETN – Nitropenta

NG – Nitroglycerin

EGDN – Ethylene glycol dinitrate

AN – Ammonium Nitrate (NH4NO3)

TATP –

DNB – 1,3-Dinitrobenzene

Picric acid -

About 80% of the explosives contain N, those that do not contain N contain Cl.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide7

EDS-GRT: Other Materials

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt advantages
EDS-GRT Advantages

In a two dimensional plot

simultaneous registration

of the total density and the

nitrogen density separates

the explosives from other

common materials.

This two dimensional Matrix

Provides for fully automatic

identification of explosives

Addition of other elements willprovide for a multi- dimensional matrix

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide9

EDS-GRT: Requirements

  • An ideal EDS system will
    • 1) Detect directly presence of an explosive.
    • 2) Identify the type of explosive.
    • 3) Localize the explosive.
    • 4) Minimize false positives.
    • 5) Operate reliably in the field.
    • 6) Provide high throughput.
    • 7) Would not induces residual activity.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide10

EXPLOSIVE DETECTION SYSTEMS (EDS)

based on

GAMMA RESONANCE TECHNOLOGY (GRT)

Explosives and Chemical Warfare Agents Detection & Imaging

Brookhaven National Laboratory

Lucian Wielopolski, Ph.D.

Scientific Innovations Inc. (SII)

Joseph Brondo, CEO

June 2002

EDS-GRT Development Center

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide11

BULK ANALYSIS

Trace Analysis

Other Nuclear

Neutrons

X-Ray

Gamma Backscatter

Thermal Neutron Analysis

Associated Alpha Particle Time of Flight

Standard Transmission

Gamma Transmission

Computed Tomography

Pulsed Fast Neutron Analysis

Dual Energy

Gamma Resonance Technology

Neutron Backscatter

Diffraction

Pulsed Fast Thermal Neutron Analysis

Backscatter

Electromagnetic

Nuclear Magnetic Resonance NMR

Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance NQR

EDS-GRT: Current Technologies

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide12

EDS-GRT: Basic Principles

Gamma Resonance occurs when the energy of a gamma beam is precisely tuned to coincide with a nuclear excitation level in a nucleus of an element of interest.

GRT can be implemented in either absorption

(transmission) or scattering mode.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide13

Target

A low energy proton beam

hits a dedicated target and

produces resonance gamma

rays. These interact

resonantly with N or Cl

encountered in the explosive.

Monitoring the transmitted

and the scattered beams,

with the transmission and

scattering detectors,

respectively, allows analysis

and imaging of the elements

of interest.

Accelerator

Protons

Scattering

Detectors

Object

Scattered

Beam

Transmitted

Beam

Transmission Detectors

EDS-GRT: Basic Configurations

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide14

EDS-GRT: Transmission

Setup measures simultaneously the

resonantt and non resonant gamma ray flux and can differentiate between the two. The ratio of the two identifies the explosive

At 9.17 MeV gamma ray resonance

attenuation is about four times

higher than the non resonant

radiation.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide15

Accelerator

Proton Beam

Beam Production Target

Object

Resonant Gamma Fan

Detector Array

EDS-GRT Resonance Principle

Gamma resonance radiation from

accelerator based nuclear reactions

SII Patents

Patent 5,040,200

Patent 5,293,414

Patent 6,215,851

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide16

EDS-GRT Accomplishments

  • DC Tandem Accelerator Design Specifications
  • Energy tunable up to ~ 1.9 MeV 
  • Beam current, ~2 mA, up to ~ 10 mA
  • Total Emittance ~0.1 pi mm mrad 
  • Beam spread < 25 keV 

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide17

1 Operational High Intensity

Resonance Source at Northrop

Grumman Prior to Transfer

to BNL

2 Partial Installation of the Resonance Source at BNL Site For R&D and Testing of Resonance Technology.

3 Specialized Resonance Detectors for Nitrogen, Used in

Proof-of-Principle Demonstration, Were Developed.

EDS-GRT Accomplishments

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide18

Two Projection images through an aircraft container loaded with mixed cargo containing six explosives. The nitrogen image clearly identifies the explosives.

Nahal Soreq group

experimental set-up at Los Alamos inspecting LD-3 air cargo container

EDS-GRT Accomplishments

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide19

Test Set Up Using Explosive

Simulants (nitrogenous

material) And Other Objects

Total Density Image

Nitrogen Density Image Highlights Explosive Simulants And Makes Lead Brick Transparent

EDS-GRT Proof-of-Principle

Proof-of-Principle Demonstrated by Soreq Group Using

Resonance Detectors:

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide20

Tissue N ~ 2.7%

Explosive N ~

19% - 30%.

Gammagram

Nitrogram

Nahal Soreq Group Experiment

at McMaster University

EDS-GRT Proof-of-Principle

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide21

EDS-GRT-Targets

  • Single Element Targets
    • Multi-element (layered) Targets
    • Multi-element (segmented) Targets

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

comparison of accelerators
Comparison of Accelerators

Parameter Electrostatic RF

Power Source res. circuit tube solid state

Output (mA) 10 10* 10*

Beam energy spread (+/-keV) 6 25 25

Est. Accel. Dev. cost ($M) 6** 5 6.5

Est. Prod. Cost ($M) 1.5 3.0 4.0

Power conv. eff. (%) 0.5 0.4 0.55

Beam power eff. (%) 0.9 0.30 0.30

Overall accel. eff. (%) 0.45 0.12 0.165

Wall power (kW) 39 146 106

Footprint (ft2) 212 240 200

Technology cutting edge exists exists

* Potential to 100 mA with increased input power

** Includes cost of HVPS/LVPS development to date

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide23

Stadiums & Olympic Events

Border Control

Airline Security

RT-EDIS

Shipping Ports

Bridges/Tunnels

Building & Monument Security

Power Plant Security

Force Protection

Postal Security

EDS-GRT Applications

Embassies

Railroad Security

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt ld 3 container inspection
EDS-GRTLD-3 Container Inspection

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide25

EDS-GRTAirport Luggage

A configuration of a system in an airport feeding simultaneously two inspection stations for bags.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide26

EDS-GRT Future Plans

To Construct Deployable

Inspection Systems Capable

To Interrogate Small (postage

parcel) And Large (ship

containers) Bulk Materials,

Using High Resolution

Medium Intensity And Low

Resolution High Intensity

Accelerators, Respectively.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt high throughput configuration
EDS-GRT High Throughput Configuration
  • A single accelerator module can drive multiple detection modules simultaneously to give high throughputs. This requires a special gamma production target (Patent 6,215,430 and Patent 5,784,430)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide28

Detectors

Stacked

Containers

Resonance

Gamma

Beam

Target

8’

21’

18’

36’

EDS-GRT: Large Cargo Screening

Using four ramps may interrogate simultaneously 40 foot container in about 3 to 4 minutes, stacked containers will double the capacity. (Extrapolated from experiments)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt time shared configuration
EDS-GRT Time Shared Configuration
  • Single accelerator
  • serves multiple
  • detection stations

Each detection station

can process 1600 bags/hr,

24 LD-3 containers/hr,

4 conveyors simultaneously

High speed mail hubs, checked luggage, containers

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt truck inspection
EDS-GRT Truck Inspection

Force Protection, Borders, Power Plants, Bridges and Tunnels

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide31

EDS-GRT Advantages

  • High Detection Probability (>90%)
  • Low False Alarm Rate (<5%)
  • High Throughput (1600 bags/hr, 24LD-3/hr, ~3min/truck)/station
  • Specific Explosive Signature (Chemical elements)
  • Fully Automated Decision Making
  • Single Source Can Feed Multiple Inspection
  • Stations (in parallel or in time share modes)
  • Suitable for Inspection of Postal Parcels Up To Large Vehicles or Shipping Containers
  • No Residual Activity
  • Elemental 3-D Imaging Capability

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

eds grt false alarm versus scan time
EDS-GRT False Alarm versus scan time

Data Based Upon 10 mA of Proton Current and 90% Detection Probability

HE @ 450g Sensitivity

100 cm (suitcase)

145 cm (small carousel)

252 cm dia container (LD-3)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide33

EDS-GRT: Public safety

  • Accelerator produces low energy x-rays.
  • Target produces only gamma radiation, no neutrons.
  • Shielded highly collimated beam.
  • Dose to image N in human body 0.026 mrem.
  • Dose to stowaway will be considerable lower.
  • Gamma flux is two to three orders of magnitude
  • lower than for VACIS or CT systems.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide34

EDS-GRT Path Forward

  • 1. Complete BNL Development and Test Facility (1y)
    • Complete Facility
      • Target Development
        • Detectors Development
          • System Integration and Testing
  • 2. Setup a Low Rate Production Facility (1-2y)
    • Set Up Low Rate Production Facility
      • Production Engineering Design
        • Production of a Small and Large Cargo Inspection Systems
          • Field evaluation
  • 3. Establish a High Rate Production Facility (2-3y)

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide35

Project Manager

BNL

Scientific Innovations

Detectors

BNL

Accelerator

BNL

System Integration BNL

Nahal Soreq

Resonance Detectors

Nahal Soreq

Software BNL/Nahal Soreq

AES

AES

Position Sensitive Detectors TRIUMF

SII

SII – Scientific Innovations Inc.

AES – Advanced Energy Systems Inc.

Nahal Soreq – Nuclear Research Center

New Detectors

Cl, Ca, LSO

Target

BNL

EDS-GRT: R&D

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide36

Tandem Accelerator (TA)

LC System

Integration

Targets

LC System

Testing &

Evaluation

Detectors

System Engineering

TA Infrastructure

Documentation

0

6

9

12 Month

3

EDS-GRT: Time Schedule

Test facility can be ready within a year.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide37

SUMMARY

  • There is a need for new technology to meet future needs of national security.
  • Proof-of-principle of GRT for explosive detection and imaging has been demonstrated.
  • Gamma Resonance Technology is a viable method for detection of explosives and other elements in small and large shipping containers.
  • Life cycle of a unit is 10 to 15 years.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide38

SUMMARY

  • 4. The proposed EDS-GRT fills deficiencies of current x-ray scanners and other systems in use.
  • 5. Extensive expertise at BNL in nuclear physics, particle accelerators, γ ray detectors and systems integration provide high probability for success.
  • 6. A test facility ready for systems testing and prototype certification can be delivered within a year.
  • 7. A field deployable system can be developed within two years.

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

slide39

the end

Brookhaven National Laboratory Scientific Innovations, Inc Advanced Energy Systems, Inc.

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