Authorship and Publications in a Changing Research Environment
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Authorship and Publications in a Changing Research Environment. Thomas Heinbockel, Ph.D. Assistant Professor & Director of Graduate Studies Department of Anatomy Howard University College of Medicine N.P.G. Adams Bldg. 1106-A, 520 W St., N.W. Washington, DC 20059

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Thomas Heinbockel, Ph.D. Assistant Professor & Director of Graduate Studies Department of Anatomy

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Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Authorship and Publications in a Changing Research Environment

Thomas Heinbockel, Ph.D.

Assistant Professor & Director of Graduate Studies

Department of Anatomy

Howard University College of Medicine

N.P.G. Adams Bldg. 1106-A, 520 W St., N.W.

Washington, DC 20059

Tel: 202-806-9873, [email protected]


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Philosophy of Authorship and Publications:

  • mission of the university:

    • seek & disseminate knowledge,

    • conduct research in open, fair & morally responsible manner

  • guarantee originality of work, provide credit & receive credit

  • scholarly activity as measure for professional decisions

  • authorship = responsibility, authority, academic success


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Credit in a Multidisciplinary Environment:

  • allocation of credit for scholarly work:

    • list of authors, acknowledgments, list of references

  • science as a collaborative enterprise

  • one author, multiple authors, 1925 vs. 2006

  • the new research environment (NIH Roadmap)

    • multidisciplinary, interdisciplinary research centers

    • network of excellence, network of research universities

    • national consortium


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Authorship, Who & Why:

  • authorship credit, authorship order

  • supervision and mentoring of trainees

  • discussion of the division of credit among all collaborators

  • who is an author? Substantial intellectual contribution

  • authorship credit only for work you have actually performed or

    to which you have contributed  responsibility & credit

  • multi-author output: all authors are responsible for accuracy &

    fairness and culpable until proven otherwise

  • special responsibility of first author


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

The Call to Order:

  • order of authors’ names reflects relative contribution

  • graduate student as first author if work is based on the thesis

  • first author: creative, intellectual contribution, integral to work

  • first author: - develop research design, carry out experiments,

    - analyze data, interpret results, write manuscript


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Authorship Dilemmas:

  • faculty – student relationship

  • early agreement on authorship credit & order

  • make it your project, it is your thesis project

  • notion of informed consent

  • renegotiation of authorship credit & order

  • unexpected turns in your research

  • moving on to new horizons


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

When it is Not Authorship:

  • possession of institutional or supervisory position

  • minor contribution to research or writing, minor editorial work

  • providing lab space, funding for student’s dissertation

  • providing equipment, reagents, collection of data, typing, data

    analyses specified by PI or you, purely technical help

  • spending lots of time & effort

  • authorship based on scholarly importance of professional

    contribution

     acknowledgments include persons listed above


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

Practical Tips for New Trainess:

  • research abstract  poster presentation 

    original peer reviewed publication

  • multi-authorship, multi-PI research, small labs vs. big labs

  • author sequence: first, last or middle author

  • quality vs. quantity, your 5 best papers, the complete story

  • publish or perish - before graduation?

  • publication and rejection (more rejection than publication)

  • role of pubs for graduation, promotion, job hunting


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

More Tips for New Trainees:

  • your dissertation committee, put them to work

  • discuss with your mentor, where are the limits of my project,

    who else is involved in the project (postdocs, graduate students,

    collaborators)

  • disclosure of contributions of (co-)authors as % effort

    (idea, experiments, writing)

  • you do the writing, at least the first draft; it is part of your

    dissertation

  • original publication vs. review


Thomas heinbockel ph d assistant professor director of graduate studies department of anatomy

References:

http://www.apastyle.org/authorship.html

http://www.yorku.ca/grads/policies/intellectualproperty

http://www.hms.harvard.edu/integrity/scientif.html

http://www.councilscienceeditors.org/services/atf_whitepaper.cfm

http://www.icmje.org/

http://hermes.wits.ac.za/www/Academic/Research/authorship.html

http://www.mcgill.ca/researchoffice/policies/sponsored/policies/training/

http://www.stanford.edu/dept/DoR/rph/2-8.html

http://www.stanford.edu/dept/DoR/GSH/Sec3i.html

http://newton.nap.edu/html/obas/contents/publication.html


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