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Challenges to Liberalism. From Marxism to Anti-Globalism. Challenges to Liberalism. Post WW II Developments: I.S.I. (Import Substitution Industrialization) Colonial Economies (core-periphery relations) The attempt to establish native industries Subsidies Import Quotas Tariffs

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Challenges to Liberalism

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Challenges to Liberalism

From Marxism to Anti-Globalism


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Challenges to Liberalism

  • Post WW II Developments:

    • I.S.I. (Import Substitution Industrialization)

      • Colonial Economies (core-periphery relations)

      • The attempt to establish native industries

        • Subsidies

        • Import Quotas

        • Tariffs

    • The Yalta Conference

    • Soviet Entrenchment in Eastern Europe

    • Mao’s China

    • The Perception of a Global Communist Strategy

      • The Cold War

        • Containment

        • Espionage

        • Deterrence


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Challenges to Liberalism

  • The Bretton-Wood Conference: A Way to World Peace?

    • G.A.T.T.

    • The World Bank

    • IMF

    • W.T.O.

  • A.I.D.

  • The Push for “Development”

    • Measures of Development:

      • GDP

      • Income Distribution

      • Literacy Rates

      • Infant Mortality Rates

      • Women’s Rights

      • Quality of Life Index

        • Leisure Time

        • Displacement (Anomie)

        • Access to Health Care

        • Sanitary Facilities


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Challenges to Liberalism

  • The Neo-Liberal Movement:

    • The “Washington Consensus”

    • The University of Chicago

    • Milton Freidman

    • Democracy vs. Capitalism (free markets vs. democratic choice)

      • What does the Neo-Liberal paradigm do to sovereignty?

      • What happens to popular democracy?

      • The “race to the bottom”


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Challenges to Liberalism

  • Deng Xiaoping & The Liberalization of Communist China

    • Popular reaction

  • Mikhail Gorbachev

    • Glasnost

    • Perestroika

      • Communist Party reaction (the failed coup of 1991)

    • The Collapse of Soviet Communism

  • The Prospects for Globalization (TINA)

  • Fukuyama’s “End of History”

    • The Triumph of Liberalism as an Ideology

    • The Preeminence of Free Markets Around the World


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Challenges to Liberalism

  • Some Looming Dangers:

    • Alliances with non-Democratic Regimes

    • The Global impact of Global Free Markets:

      • Environmental Impact

        • The Montreal Protocol

        • The Kyoto Accord

      • The “Race to the Bottom”

      • Western Consumerism and Values

        • Is the rest of the world willing to accept these?

          • “Coke and Condoms”

          • Jerry Springer

          • The Moral Autonomy of the Individual

          • Secularism

          • Gender Equality

          • Competition and the Pursuit of Prosperity


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