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WALK!. Informal Commands (tú). SLEEP!. EAT!. In Spanish…. When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands… ¡Come! – EAT! ¡Camina!- WALK! ¡Duerme!- SLEEP! What looks familiar about these endings?. Positive Commands.

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Informal Commands (tú)

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Informal commands t

WALK!

Informal Commands(tú)

SLEEP!

EAT!


In spanish

In Spanish…

  • When we want to tell a friend to do something we use informal (tú) commands…

  • ¡Come! – EAT!

  • ¡Camina!- WALK!

  • ¡Duerme!- SLEEP!

    What looks familiar about these endings?


Positive commands

Positive Commands

  • Commands are used for both do’s and don’ts

  • Lets begin with the do’s (positive tú commands)

    To state the do’s of most verbs, drop the –s ending of the verb.

    STATEMENTCOMMAND

    (tú) caminas¡Camina!Walk!

    (tú) comes¡Come!Eat!

    (tú) duermes¡Duerme! Sleep!


Let s work on positive commands

Let’s work on positive commands…

  • Open the window!…

    • Verb Abrir

      • Put it in the tú form = tú abres

      • Drop the –s = abre

        ¡Abre la ventana!


Let s work on positive commands1

Let’s work on positive commands…

  • Speak now!...

    • Verb hablar

      • Put hablar in the tú form= hablas

      • Drop the –s = habla

        ¡Habla ahora!


Let s work on positive commands2

Let’s work on positive commands…

  • Drink water!...

    • Verb beber

      • Put beber in the tú form= bebes

      • Drop the –s = bebe

        ¡Bebe agua!


Negative commands

Negative Commands

  • To state the don’ts- negative (tú) commands

    • Switch the –as ending to –es and the –es endings to –as

      STATEMENTCOMMAND

      (tú) fumas¡No fumes! Don’t smoke!

      (tú) corres¡No corras! Don’t run!

      (tú) duermes¡No duermas! Don’t sleep!


Let s work on negative commands

Let’s work on negative commands…

  • Don’t buy pizza!...

    • Verb comprar

      • Put comprar in the tú form= compras

      • Change the –as to –es= compres

        ¡No compres la pizza!


Let s work on negative commands1

Let’s work on negative commands…

  • Don’t open the door!...

    • Verb abrir

      • Put abrir in the tú form= abres

      • Change the –es to –as= abras

        ¡No abras la puerta!


Let s work on negative commands2

Let’s work on negative commands…

  • Don’t drink soda!...

    • Verb beber

      • Put beber in the tú form= bebes

      • Change the –es to –as= bebas

        ¡No bebas los refrescos!


Verbs with spelling changes

Verbs with spelling changes…

There are several verbs that change spelling when made into negative commands to keep their sound…

1. Jugar- ¡No juegues!

- g changes to gue to keep the hard g sound

2. Verbs ending in –car like

Practicar - ¡No practiques!

-c changes to a que to keep the hard k sound


Let s work on negative commands3

Let’s work on negative commands…

  • These next verbs have spell changes…

    • Either g changes to gue OR c changes to a que

      Don’t play in the house!

      - Verb jugar- in tú form = juegas

      - Change –as to –es and remember spelling change!= juegues

      ¡No juegues en la casa!


Let s work on negative commands4

Let’s work on negative commands…

Don’t arrive late!

¡No llegues tarde!

Don’t touch the piano!

-Verb tocar in tú form = tocas

-Change –as to –es and

remember the spelling change!= toques

¡No toques el piano!


Te toca a ti

Te toca a ti…

Eat more fruit!

¡Come más frutas!

Sleep 8 hours a day!

¡Duerme ocho horas al día!


Te toca a ti1

Te toca a ti…

Don’t run in the house!

¡No corras en casa!

Don’t open the book!

¡No abras el libro!


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