Epa s response to the 2000 2001 energy crisis
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EPA’s Response to the 2000/2001 Energy Crisis PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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EPA’s Response to the 2000/2001 Energy Crisis. Keeping the Lights on Protecting Air Quality. The Issues. New (ultraclean) Baseload Powerplants New Clean Peakers Old Powerplants with Restrictions RECLAIM (very dirty) BackUp Generators Other non-California Examples. The Context.

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EPA’s Response to the 2000/2001 Energy Crisis

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Epa s response to the 2000 2001 energy crisis

EPA’s Response to the2000/2001 Energy Crisis

Keeping the Lights on

Protecting Air Quality


The issues

The Issues

  • New (ultraclean) Baseload Powerplants

  • New Clean Peakers

  • Old Powerplants with Restrictions

  • RECLAIM

  • (very dirty) BackUp Generators

  • Other non-California Examples


The context

The Context

  • California has worst Air Quality in U.S.

  • California fifth largest economy in world

  • Domino Effect

  • Peak Power demand = Peak Ozone levels

  • CA Diesel Risk Reduction Plan


Baseload powerplants

Baseload Powerplants

  • Many in permitting queue in 2000

  • Issues

    • Offsets

      • Difficult to find quality offsets in CA/AZ nonattainment areas

    • BACT

      • Small issues, eg 2.0 vs. 2.5 ppm NOx

    • Modeling

      • Very clean plants rarely isssue

    • Community Concerns

      • Most difficult


New peakers

New Peakers

  • Davis Executive Order

  • Permitting Issues


Gov davis executive orders

Gov. Davis Executive Orders

  • Lift restrictions on power plants

    • Ie fuel use, operating hours

  • 21 day permit for peakers


Peakers

Peakers

  • Permit Template

    • Joint EPA/CAPCOA/CARB/CEC/ISO effort

    • BACT

    • Offsets

    • Permit Conditions

  • Timing/Public Notice

    • EPA Offer: AOCs

    • Several Issued


Older powerplants with restrictions

Older Powerplants with Restrictions

  • Not Many

  • Mostly old peakers with hours of operation limits

  • EPA offered AOCs

    • A few issued

  • NOT Considered: Relaxation of BACT, other emission limits


Reclaim

RECLAIM

  • What is RECLAIM?

    • Cap and Trade System for NOx and PM

    • Declining cap

    • For portion of stationary sources in SCAQMD


Reclaim ii

RECLAIM II

  • The Crisis

    • Many sources had delayed installing controls

      • Utilities!

    • IPPs inherited problem

    • Increased production, declining cap, delayed controls=market crisis

  • Solution

    • Temporarily isolate power producers from rest of RECLAIM sources

    • Require controls on schedule

    • Forward fund reductions, ensure environmental


Epa s response to the 2000 2001 energy crisis

BUGs

  • Thousands in State

  • Very Dirty

  • Source of Electricity

  • EPA letter 1

    • Context: Title V

  • Abuses

    • ISO encourages sources to run BUGS

    • NOT in emergency situation


Other examples

Other Examples

  • Hawaii

    • Load Demand in chunks

      • Outer Islands, Resort Driven

    • Careful management of pre-construction activities

  • Arizona

    • SCR for generator lost in Atlantic

      • Local AOC, no Federal Action requested

    • Substation fire

      • APCO allows use of BUGs

        • Analysis of AQ impact?


Lessons learned

Lessons Learned

  • Clean Air Act has mechanisms to accommodate a crisis

  • Planning is still essential

  • Public Health protection paramount

  • Environmental and Energy Regulators need better mutual understanding


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