Nominative (the subject). The subject performs the verb action . Nouns have to AGREE with verbs Singular nouns use singular verbs Plural nouns use plural verbs
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Latin is an INFLECTED language: changing the inflection at the end of a word changes how it is used in the sentence. In Latin word order is less important than the inflected endings
Describe these pictures in as much detail as you can, using the nominative and accusative cases.
Describe in detail one of these pictures using genitives, both singular and plural, from all three declensions.
The Dictionary Entry for Nouns
Nominative (usually singular)
Genitive (usually singular)
soror, soror , f. sister
mater, matr , f. mother
filia, fili , f., daughter
filius, fili , m. son
Describe these pictures using ablatives of tool, time, and with prepositions.
Write sentences about these pictures using as many prepositional phrases as you can.
Praepositiones ablativo serviunt.
e / ex sub cum in
Praepositiones accusativo serviunt.
prope per in ad
What other case has endings identical to the vocative? Can you spot the exception?
The vocative case is used when directly addressing someone by name.
-m or –o
consulimus = we consult
Look at the END
of your Latin verb!
Read a Latin verb “backwards”
Do you remember these categories of verbs? Let’s give them names.
arripio arripis arripit arripimus arripitis arripiunt
3rd – i conjugation
Which conjugation / category do the following verbs follow?
excitāre, conspicere, docēre, agere, induere, intrāre, venire?
Cornelius multas epistulas scribere vult.
ursus, ursi, m. bear
porcellus, porcelli, m. piglet
Ior, ioris, m. Eyore
tigris, tigris, m. tiger