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执教:嵇卫锋 PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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执教:嵇卫锋. 歇后语:. 硝酸加盐酸 —— 放到哪儿,烂到哪儿!. 强酸性、强腐蚀性、强氧化性. 硝酸的性质. 高三化学复习. 一、硝酸的化学性质. 光照或加热条件分解. 不稳定性. 硝酸. 与还原性物质反应 与非金属反应 与金属反应. 强氧化性. 与还原性物质反应:. Fe 2+ 、 SO 3 2- 、 S 2- 、 I - 等. 3Fe 2+ +4H + +NO 3 - == 3Fe 3+ +NO↑+2H 2 O. 3SO 3 2- +2H + +2NO 3 - == 3SO 4 2- +2NO↑+H 2 O.

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执教:嵇卫锋

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Fe2+ SO32- S2-I-

3Fe2++4H++NO3- == 3Fe3++NO+2H2O

3SO32-+2H++2NO3- == 3SO42-+2NO+H2O

3FeO+10H++NO3- == 3Fe3++NO+5H2O

I- NO3-

H+


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C4HNO3()==CO24NO22H2O

SHNO3()


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CuHNO3HNO3

Cu4H++2NO3-()===Cu2+2NO22H2O

3Cu8H++2NO3-()===3Cu2+2NO4H2O


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a.

b.AuPtHNO3

c.HNO3NO2HNO3NO


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HNO3


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Cu2+NO2

a. ,

b

c

dNO2


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HNO3


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O2

NaOH


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NaOH


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NaOH


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NaOH


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O2

NaOH


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1

2HNO3


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Cu


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1

NONO2

2Cu.

3NO

4


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