The Kingdom of Israel. Canaan – the land that the Hebrews believed had been promised them by God – combined largely harsh features such as arid desert, rocky wilderness, grassy hills, and the dry hot valley of the Jordan river.
After his death, he was succeeded by his son in law, David. King David, an extremely popular leader, united the tribes, established Jerusalem as the capital, and founded a dynasty.
Solomon’s building projects required high taxes and badly strained the kingdom’s finances.