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English and Dutch Explorers. English Explorers. John Cabot. An Italian living in England Inspired by Columbus Wanted to find the Northwest Passage Left England in 1497 First landed on Newfoundland. John Cabot. Explored the areas on the East Coast of Canada and the US

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john cabot
John Cabot
  • An Italian living in England
  • Inspired by Columbus
  • Wanted to find the Northwest Passage
  • Left England in 1497
  • First landed on Newfoundland
john cabot1
John Cabot
  • Explored the areas on the East Coast of Canada and the US
  • Couldn’t find the Passage
  • Claimed most of the East Coast before returning to England
sir francis drake
Sir Francis Drake
  • British ship Captain who traded with the Spanish
  • Ship sunk in a Spanish port
  • Survived
  • Returned to Spanish America to steal Spanish treasure
sir francis drake1
Sir Francis Drake
  • The British continued to attack and steal from the Spanish
  • Started a war between the Spanish and the British
roanoke
Roanoke
  • Located off the coast of present-day North Carolina
  • Sir Walter Raleigh started the colony
  • Wanted to find gold
  • Indians shared traps for fishing
  • John White was the leader under the second group of colonists
  • White went back to England to get more supplies
  • When White returned, all the colonists had disappeared.
  • CROATOAN was carved on a doorpost
jamestown
Jamestown
  • First English colony
  • Swampy area surrounded by water on 3 sides with disease-carrying mosquitos.
  • 1607 - London Company wanted to establish a money making colony.
  • Starving Time – The winter of 1609 to 1610 when colonists relied on dogs, rats, and humans for foo.
  • Not a good relationship with the Indians
  • Pocahontas was Chief Powhatan’s daughter who helped John Smith save Jamestown.
  • John Rolfe helped the colony by finding the crop of tobacco, which sold for high prices in England.
henry hudson
Henry Hudson
  • Englishman who sailed for the Dutch
  • Attempted to find the Northwest Passage
  • 1609 found a river full of fish
    • Claimed it and the area surrounding it for the Netherlands
dutch west india company
Dutch West India Company
  • In 1621 settled in Fort Orange (near present-day Albany)
  • Good profits in furtrade
  • Established trading post all along the river
  • GovernorPeter Minuit
native american relations
Native American Relations
  • Offered goods in exchange for the Native American land
  • Traded guns for furs with the Iroquois
  • French and Huron were their major trade rivals
new amsterdam
New Amsterdam
  • Peter Stuyvesant, the new governor changed the name
    • Highly disliked
    • Governed for 17 years
    • Captures a Swedish settlement
    • Successful colony
    • Religious refuge for Jews
new york
New York
  • English wanted control of New Netherland
  • Offered it to the Duke of York
  • English sent Stuyvesant a letter demanding surrender
  • No shots fired
  • New Netherland becomes New York
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