Critical thinking
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Critical Thinking. What ’ s the official language of the United States?. Language and Cultural History. How language can teach us about the history and culture of a people. Language. Language Method of mutually-understandable communication Set of sounds, combination of sounds and symbols

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Critical Thinking

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Critical thinking

Critical Thinking

  • What’s the official language of the United States?


Language and cultural history

Language and Cultural History

How language can teach us about the history and culture of a people


Language

Language

  • Language

    • Method of mutually-understandable communication

    • Set of sounds, combination of sounds and symbols

    • Language is an essential part of culture

  • Why do people feel so strongly about bilingual v. English-only education?


Language1

Language

  • Standard Language

    • Widely published and distributed

    • Purposefully taught

  • Lexicon (Vocabulary)

  • Syntax (Structure)

  • Phonetics (Sounds)

  • Orthography (Writing system)


Dialects

Dialects

  • Dialects

    • Variants on standard language by region

    • Isogloss

      • Contour line representing area where language feature is present

  • Where is the line between dialect and language?


The english language

The English Language?

  • Alcohol

  • Amok (to “run amok”)

  • Boondocks

  • Chasm

  • Embargo

  • Finger

  • Geyser

  • Juggernaut

  • Schmalz

  • Typhoon

  • Umbrella

  • Yogurt


Origins of words

Origins of Words

  • Alcohol

  • Amok

  • Boondocks

  • Chasm

  • Arabic

  • Malay

  • Tagalog

  • Greek


Origins of words1

Origins of Words

  • Embargo

  • Finger

  • Geyser

  • Juggernaut

  • Spanish

  • German

  • Icelandic

  • Hindi


Origins of words2

Origins of Words

  • Schmalz

  • Typhoon

  • Umbrella

  • Yogurt

  • Yiddish

  • Chinese

  • Italian

  • Turkish


Gypsies

Gypsies


The roma

The Roma


Where did they come from

Where did they come from?

  • “Gypsy”

    • Egypt?


Where

Where?

  • The Romani language has many similarities to some modern Indian dialects.

  • Linguists concluded that the Roma left from Northwest India in the 12th Century


But why

But Why?

  • Languages helps again

    • Roma words for non-Roma

      • Gadjo = “civilian”

      • Das = “slave; prisoner”

    • Roma has a plethora of military words that have their origin in Sanskrit


Therefore

Therefore

  • By using language and historical texts, scholars were able to trace the origin of the Roma to a military group in India


One theory ancient battles

One Theory: Ancient Battles

  • Ghaznavid Empire

    • Moghul

  • Rajputs

    • Kshatriya (warrior caste)

    • Shudra (servant caste)

  • Defeated in battle

    • Diaspora


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