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Can Any Youth Be A Leader?. A Look at Assets of Youth Leadership Development. Karen Henry Joy Jordan Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences University of Florida. Goals. Discuss vanLinden and Fertman’s theory of youth leadership development Stages Dimensions

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Can any youth be a leader

Can Any Youth Be A Leader?

A Look at Assets of Youth Leadership Development

Karen Henry

Joy Jordan

Department of Family, Youth and Community Sciences

University of Florida


Goals
Goals

  • Discuss vanLinden and Fertman’s theory of youth leadership development

    • Stages

    • Dimensions

  • Review tools and resources for use

  • Discuss applications and programming


What is leadership
What is Leadership?

  • Leadership connotes releasing of energy, building, freeing, growing

    (Peters and Austin, 1985)

  • Ability to influence the actions of others

    (Halloran and Benton, 1987)

  • The ability to motivate

  • Everyone has leadership potential

    (Bennis and Nanus, 1985)


Transactional vs transformational
Transactional vs. Transformational

  • Transactional

  • Transformational


Why study youth leadership
Why study youth leadership?

  • Youth are in a number of leadership positions

  • Little assessment whether the adolescent had the right “tools”


Youth leadership
Youth Leadership

  • Developmental process

  • Three Stages

  • Five Dimensions


Stages of leadership development
Stages of Leadership Development

  • Stages are sequential and fluid

  • vanLinden and Fertman’s stages:

    • Awareness

    • Interaction

    • Mastery


Five dimensions
Five Dimensions

  • Leadership Information

  • Leadership Attitude

  • Communication Skills

  • Decision-making Skills

  • Self-management Skills


Leadership information
Leadership Information

  • What adolescents know about leadership and leaders

  • Accurate information is critical

  • Adults help teens discriminate information


Leadership attitude
Leadership Attitude

  • Adolescents’ dispositions, thoughts and feelings towards identifying themselves as leaders

  • Attitudes are learned

  • Attitudes are constantly altered


Communication skills
Communication Skills

  • The exchange of thoughts, messages and information

  • Process of sharing

  • Includes both verbal and nonverbal communication


Decision making skills
Decision-Making Skills

  • Choosing between competing courses of action

  • Creates a discrepancy between transactional and transformation leaders

  • Decision-making is a process


Self management skills
Self-Management Skills

  • How adolescents react to and deal with the stress in their lives

    • Ability to regulate stress

  • Pertains to issues of autonomy and locus of control


Activity
Activity

Identifying Stages


Awareness
Awareness

  • Focus on initial awareness of one’s leadership potential and abilities

  • Youth in this stage:

    • Do not think of themselves as a leader

    • Don’t feel capable of being a leader


Interaction
Interaction

  • Growth in leadership skills occurs and confidence solidifies through interaction

  • Youth in this stage:

    • Have a limited definition of leadership

    • Believe that the leader is “in charge”

    • Need adult support and guidance


Mastery
Mastery

  • The focus is mastery of leadership skills in specific areas and activities in life

  • Youth in this stage:

    • Believe that anyone can be a leader

    • Are aware of his/her own strengths and weaknesses as a leader


Assessment
Assessment

  • A research study was conducted in 2000

  • Reliable “measures or indicators” of these three stages of leadership

  • Relationship between their stage of development, and their leadership development, locus of control and type of leadership experiences


Findings
Findings

  • Youth fell into the three distinct stages

  • Different levels of experiences were associated with each of the three stages


Application moving youth through the stages
Application-- Moving youth through the stages

  • The importance of experiences

  • The role of adults (support)

  • Roles in youth and community organizations (opportunities)


Experiences for youth
Experiences for Youth

  • Knowledge

  • Skills

  • Practice


Support the role of adults
Support-- The Role of Adults

  • Mentoring/Guidance

  • Resources

  • Role models


Opportunities roles in youth and community organizations
Opportunities—Roles in Youth and Community Organizations

  • Allow youth the means to develop leadership skills through practice

  • Make it meaningful!


Workshop in review
Workshop in review

  • vanLinden and Fertman’s theory of youth leadership development

  • Applications

  • Resources for Programming


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