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Warm-Up: Take everything off of your desk except your index cards . . If you don’t have index cards, take out 2 clean sheets of paper. . Plot: A series of related events . Setting: where and when the story takes place Conflict: the problem in the story

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Warm up take everything off of your desk except your index cards

Warm-Up: Take everything off of your desk except your index cards.

If you don’t have index cards, take out 2 clean sheets of paper.


Plot a series of related events
Plot: A series of related events cards

  • Setting: where and when the story takes place

  • Conflict: the problem in the story

  • Rising action: the major events in the story

  • Climax: the turning point of the story

  • Falling Action: the end of the central conflict, when the action starts to wind down

  • Resolution: when all the loose ends of the story are tied up and the conflict is solved.


External conflict character struggles with an outside force
External Conflict: character struggles with an outside force cards

  • Character vs. character

  • Character vs. nature

  • Character vs. technology

  • Character vs. society


Internal conflict character struggles with his her own emotions
Internal Conflict: character struggles with his/her own emotions

  • Making a decision about something

  • Guilt about a past decision


Point of view whose perspective the story is told from
Point of View: whose perspective the story is told from emotions

  • First person: narrator is a character in the story

    • Uses personal pronouns (I, me, we, us)

  • Third person: narrator is not a character in the story

    • Third Person limited: the narrator knows the thoughts of only one character

    • Third Person omniscient: the narrator knows the thoughts and feelings of ALL characters


  • Characterization how an author gives you information about a character
    Characterization: how an author gives you information about a character

    • Indirect Characterization:

      • What a character says

      • What a character does

      • What others say about the character

      • The character’s appearance

    • Direct Characterization:

      • The author tells you point blank what a character is like


    Character terms
    Character Terms a character

    • Protagonist: the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work

    • Antagonist: the character who opposes or struggles with the leading character (protagonist)

    • Static character: a character who does not change during the course of the story

      Static=Stays the Same

    • Dynamic character: a character who undergoes a major change during the story

    • Motivation: what drives a character to do what they do

    • Trait: characteristics about the character


    How does an author keep you engaged in the story
    How does an author keep you engaged in the story? a character

    • Foreshadowing

      • Occurs when the author gives you hints about what is to come in the story

    • Suspense: a feeling of growing tension or excitement—what might happen next?


    • Symbolism: the use of something specific to stand for something else, esp. an idea

      • Dove is the universal symbol of peace—the dove can be seen, while peace can not

        • How could an author use symbolism to express an idea in the story?

    • Irony: the contrast between what is expected and what actually happens or exists.

      • Used to add unexpected twists to the story

      • More than just a coincidence


    Allusion
    Allusion something else, esp. an idea

    • A reference in a literary work to a person, place, or thing in history or another work of literature. Allusions are often indirect or brief references to well-known characters or events

      • “The couple danced as though they were Romeo and Juliet”

      • “Should we build an ark?” John asked, after it rained for 5 days straight.


    • Theme something else, esp. an idea

      • The moral or idea that the author wants you to take away from the story.

      • Theme must be universal (able to be applied to more than one story), and must be a statement.

        • Examples: Love conquers all. You should hope for the best, but prepare for the worst.



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