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COM 343: HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY. Lesson 3 : BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY Eadweard Muybridge: Motion Picture. Metin Ersoy F aculty of Communication and Media Studies. Lesson 3 : BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY. Capturing movement Faster shutter speeds  ability to ”stop” motion

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Com 343 history of photography

COM 343: HISTORY OF PHOTOGRAPHY

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

Eadweard Muybridge: Motion Picture

Metin Ersoy

Faculty of Communication and Media Studies


Lesson 3 beginnings of photography

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Capturing movement

    • Faster shutter speeds  ability to ”stop” motion

    • Do a galloping horse’s four legs ever leave the ground at once”

    • Eadweard Muybrigde proved it in 1878


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

PHOTOGRAPHY IN COLOUR

  • Though the invention of photography had an immediate impact on the whole art world, the early photographs were in monochrome.

  • As an additional service, daguerreotypes could be hand- painted, which kept a number of painters of miniatures in business. However, it was to be some time before colour photography was to become a reality.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • In the 1860s James Clerk Maxwell, using as a subject a tartan ribbon, showed that three monochrome images could be formed of a subject, each one taken using a different colour filter (red, blue and green).

  • By projecting these images using three lanterns, each equipped with a corresponding filter, the colours could be recreated.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

James Clerk Maxwell


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • The results were somewhat disappointing to Maxwell and his collaborator Thomas Sutton, but nevertheless they deserve the credit for laying the foundations of trichromate colour photography.

  • Interestingly, strictly speaking this experiment should never have worked!


Lesson 3 beginnings of photoagraphy

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOAGRAPHY

  • Du Hauron was a French scientist who made a major contribution to the development of colour photography.

  • Unfortunately, his theories could not be put to the test at the time, because of the lack of suitable materials. However, it is this principle which is used in present-day colour photography.


Lesson 3 beginnings of photoagraphy1

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOAGRAPHY

Du Hauron


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOAGRAPHY

  • In the mid 1930s that Kodak was to produce a film based on this principle, to be named Kodachrome; up till then the additive methods suggested by Maxwell had been used.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Eastman wanted to simplify photography and make it available to everyone. In 1883, Eastman announced film in rolls.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • "Kodak" was born in 1888 when the first Kodak camera entered the market. Pre-loaded with enough film for 100 exposures, the camera could easily be carried and handheld for operation.

  • After exposure, the whole camera was returned to the company in Rochester, New York, where the film was developed, prints were made, new film was inserted, and then returned to the customer.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

• By 1888, George Eastman

creates the Eastman Kodak

Company

• Develops a camera that used

his newly developed

technology, roll film.

• “You press the button, we do the rest”


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY


Lesson 3 beginnings of photography9

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Eastman Kodak

    • By 1935, Kodak had experimented and developed the first color film, Kodachrome. Again, processing had to be done at the factory, but it was instantly successful.

    • Film photography would continue to evolve over the years, paving the way for innovation and advancements.


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • FORERUNNER OF MODERN PH

    • (End of the century) Arguments of photographic’s purpose

      • Is it for recording, may it be manipulated?

    • Can it be a form of art?

    • Documentary photography started

      • used to convince and persuade people to take certain action


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • TURN OF THE CENTURY

    • Pictorialism

      • Rise of art photography

      • Pictorialism, was a photographic movement in vogue from around 1885 following the widespread introduction of the dry-plate process. It reached its height in the early years of the 20th century, and declined rapidly after 1914 after the widespread emergence of Modernism.

    • Artists manipulated the image used a process called Gum Bichromate

      • Less detail and more of an artistic image

      • Usually colored with oil paints


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Émile Joachim Constant PuyoThe Straw Hat, ca. 1905-1910 Oil pigment print


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • NEW GENERATION

    • Straight photography began around 1920’s

    • Away from pictorial style

    • More sharp and unmanipulated approach

    • Let photographs look like photographs


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Paul Strand, Wall Street, 1915


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • NEW OBJECTIVE

    • In 1925 ”new vision” started

    • Experimenting with new

      angles of view

      • sharp upward angle shots

      • undershots

      • detail

      • contrast

Noel Griggs, Chimney, 1934


Lesson 3 beginnings of photography18

Alfred Eisenstaedt, V-Day, 1945

Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • DIFFERENT STYLES

  • Portraying life began around 1930’s

  • After II WW grew an interest to cultures, lifestyles and characters of other people

  • 1960’s pop art and erotic photography

  • In 1980’s photographs were no longer concerned with reality

Jeff Wall, Milk, 1984


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Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

  • Photography begun in 1839

  • Medium has changed a lot

    • black and white  color ( pixels)

    • plates  paper  film  digital

  • Still the same principal idea

    • Two vital elements: Optical and chemical

    • Non verbal means of communication


  • Lesson 3 beginnings of photography20

    Lesson3: BEGINNINGS OF PHOTOGRAPHY

    • TOPICS FOR NEXT WEEK

      • Light,

      • and Photo Machines


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