Fruits
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FRUITS. FRUIT : A fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds. GOAL : Seed Dispersal. *Ovary tissue stores carbohydrates & water *Pigment may change over time. I. TWO TYPES OF FRUIT. A.FLESHY. B. DRY. II. Fleshy Fruits. Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meaty.

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FRUITS

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Fruits

FRUITS


Fruit a fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds

FRUIT: A fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds

GOAL: Seed Dispersal

*Ovary tissue stores carbohydrates & water

*Pigment may change over time


I two types of fruit

I. TWO TYPES OF FRUIT

A.FLESHY

B. DRY


Ii fleshy fruits

II. Fleshy Fruits

Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meaty


Types of fleshy fruits

Types of Fleshy Fruits:

Berry

Pepo

Hesperidium

Pome

Drupe


A berry 1 or more seeds thin skin can be peeled off

A. BERRY: 1 or more seeds, thin skin, can be peeled off

Ex. Blueberry, cranberry, grapes, eggplant, peppers, tomato


Note strawberry raspberry blackberry are not true berries they originate from more than 1 pistil

NOTE: Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry are NOT true berries!!!!They originate from more than 1 pistil.


B pepo a berry with a hard rind that can t be peeled off

B. PEPO: a berry with a hard rind that can’t be peeled off

Ex. Pumpkin, squash, cantaloupe, melon, cucumber, gourds


C hesperidium berry with a leathery skin containing oils and rind

C. Hesperidium: berry with a leathery skin, containing oils and rind

Ex. Orange, tangerine, lime, lemon


D pome false fruit fleshy part is from the receptacle true ovary is the core

D. POME: (False Fruit)Fleshy part is from the receptacle; true ovary is the core

Ex. Apple and Pear


E drupe single seed enclosed in a hard pit

E. DRUPE: single seed enclosed in a hard pit

Ex. Peach, apricot, plum, cherry


Iii dry fruits

III. DRY FRUITS

  • Wall of mature ovary is dry

  • Fruit is without soft flesh

  • Classified according to whether they split open when ripe


A dehiscent fruits

A. Dehiscent Fruits

  • Split open when ripe

  • 1. Follicle: milkweed

  • 2. Legume: beans and peas

  • 3. Capsule: poppies, snapdragon, lillies


B indehiscent fruits

B. Indehiscent Fruits

  • Dry fruits that DO NOT split open when ripe

    1. Achene: sunflower,dandelion


Indehiscent fruits cont

Indehiscent Fruits Cont.

  • 2. Samara: maple, ash (winged fruits)

  • 3. Grain: wheat, corn, barley, rye


Indehiscent cont

Indehiscent Cont.

  • 4. Nut: acorn, hazelnut, hickory

  • Many nuts are not nuts!!!

  • Peanut=legume

  • Walnut, pecan, coconut, almond=drupes


Iv aggregate fruits

IV.Aggregate Fruits

  • Formed from a single flower with more than one ovary

  • Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry


Strawberry aggregate

Strawberry: Aggregate


V multiple fruits

V.Multiple Fruits

  • Forms from a cluster of flowers

  • Ovaries fuse together to form 1 fruit

  • Pineapple, osage orange, mulberry


Review use your notes to identify the following fruits

Review…Use your notes to identify the following fruits.


Regions of a fruit

Regions of a Fruit

  • Exocarp: skin

  • Endocarp: inner boundary around seed

  • Mesocarp: fleshy tissue between endocarp and exocarp

  • Pericarp: all 3 regions


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