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FRUITS. FRUIT : A fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds. GOAL : Seed Dispersal. *Ovary tissue stores carbohydrates & water *Pigment may change over time. I. TWO TYPES OF FRUIT. A.FLESHY. B. DRY. II. Fleshy Fruits. Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meaty.

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Fruit a fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds
FRUIT: A fully developed and ripened ovary containing seeds

GOAL: Seed Dispersal

*Ovary tissue stores carbohydrates & water

*Pigment may change over time


I two types of fruit
I. TWO TYPES OF FRUIT

A.FLESHY

B. DRY


Ii fleshy fruits

II. Fleshy Fruits

Fleshy fruits are those that are soft, juicy or meaty


Types of fleshy fruits
Types of Fleshy Fruits:

Berry

Pepo

Hesperidium

Pome

Drupe


A berry 1 or more seeds thin skin can be peeled off
A. BERRY: 1 or more seeds, thin skin, can be peeled off

Ex. Blueberry, cranberry, grapes, eggplant, peppers, tomato


Note strawberry raspberry blackberry are not true berries they originate from more than 1 pistil
NOTE: Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry are NOT true berries!!!!They originate from more than 1 pistil.


B pepo a berry with a hard rind that can t be peeled off
B. PEPO berries!!!!: a berry with a hard rind that can’t be peeled off

Ex. Pumpkin, squash, cantaloupe, melon, cucumber, gourds


C hesperidium berry with a leathery skin containing oils and rind
C. Hesperidium berries!!!!: berry with a leathery skin, containing oils and rind

Ex. Orange, tangerine, lime, lemon


D pome false fruit fleshy part is from the receptacle true ovary is the core
D. POME: (False Fruit)Fleshy part is from the receptacle; true ovary is the core

Ex. Apple and Pear


E drupe single seed enclosed in a hard pit
E. DRUPE: single seed enclosed in a hard pit true ovary is the core

Ex. Peach, apricot, plum, cherry


Iii dry fruits
III. DRY FRUITS true ovary is the core

  • Wall of mature ovary is dry

  • Fruit is without soft flesh

  • Classified according to whether they split open when ripe


A dehiscent fruits
A. Dehiscent Fruits true ovary is the core

  • Split open when ripe

  • 1. Follicle: milkweed

  • 2. Legume: beans and peas

  • 3. Capsule: poppies, snapdragon, lillies


B indehiscent fruits
B. Indehiscent Fruits true ovary is the core

  • Dry fruits that DO NOT split open when ripe

    1. Achene: sunflower,dandelion


Indehiscent fruits cont
Indehiscent Fruits Cont true ovary is the core.

  • 2. Samara: maple, ash (winged fruits)

  • 3. Grain: wheat, corn, barley, rye


Indehiscent cont
Indehiscent Cont. true ovary is the core

  • 4. Nut: acorn, hazelnut, hickory

  • Many nuts are not nuts!!!

  • Peanut=legume

  • Walnut, pecan, coconut, almond=drupes


Iv aggregate fruits
IV.Aggregate Fruits true ovary is the core

  • Formed from a single flower with more than one ovary

  • Strawberry, raspberry, blackberry


Strawberry aggregate
Strawberry: Aggregate true ovary is the core


V multiple fruits
V.Multiple Fruits true ovary is the core

  • Forms from a cluster of flowers

  • Ovaries fuse together to form 1 fruit

  • Pineapple, osage orange, mulberry



Regions of a fruit
Regions of a Fruit true ovary is the core

  • Exocarp: skin

  • Endocarp: inner boundary around seed

  • Mesocarp: fleshy tissue between endocarp and exocarp

  • Pericarp: all 3 regions


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