Volunteering policy and rurality in scotland
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‘Volunteering’, policy and rurality in Scotland. Divergence in public policy between England and Scotland: what does this mean for volunteering? November 2012 Dr Mike Woolvin [email protected] 0131 535 4186. Outline. ‘Volunteering’ and policy in Scotland

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Volunteering policy and rurality in scotland

‘Volunteering’, policy and rurality in Scotland

Divergence in public policy between England and Scotland: what does this mean for volunteering?

November 2012

Dr Mike Woolvin

[email protected]

0131 535 4186


Outline

Outline

  • ‘Volunteering’ and policy in Scotland

  • Linking to research (1): diversifying ‘volunteering’.

Linking to research (2): the role of rurality.

Conclusions: towards a socially and geographically sensitive approach?


1 volunteers and policy in scotland 2000 2009

1) Volunteers and policy in Scotland?2000 – 2009.

  • Active Communities Initiative (2000)

  • Bring about more positive attitudes at all levels towards volunteering and community action.

  • Locate volunteering and community action at the heart of policy and practice.

  • Broaden the range of people involved.

  • Increase the number of people involved.


1 volunteers and policy in scotland 2000 20091

1) Volunteers and policy in Scotland?2000 – 2009.

  • Volunteering Strategy (2004)

  • ‘almost every aspect of everyday life – the communities in which we live, the physical environment, our recreation and leisure activities, our places of work and worship, our schools and our hospitals – benefit from the input of volunteers. But volunteers themselves also benefit as a result of their actions. Volunteering can provide a real sense of personal fulfilment and achievement, the opportunity to make friends and to establish new contacts, and the reward of developing new skills and mastering new challenges’ .

  • Focussing on Project Scotland and young people.

  • Dismantling the barriers to volunteering and closing the opportunity gap.

  • Improving the volunteering experience.

  • Monitoring, evaluation and ongoing policy development.


1 volunteers and policy in scotland 2009 date

1) Volunteers and policy in Scotland?2009 - date.

  • Community Empowerment Action Plan (2009)

  • ‘The confidence and resilience that grows when people work together in their communities is never more important than in challenging economic times and when facing major social problems’.

  • Community empowerment: ‘local people [coming] up with creative and successful solutions to local problems’.

  • Community Empowerment and Renewal Bill (Consulting…)

  • Public service reform ‘will not be possible without working with our partners in the public, private and third sectors – and with communities themselves – to unlock the knowledge, potential and abilities of all Scotland’s communities’.

  • ‘Strengthen opportunities for communities to take independent action to achieve their own goals and aspirations and ensure communities are able to have a greater role in determining how their public services are delivered’.


1 volunteers and policy in scotland broader context

1) Volunteers and policy in Scotland?Broader context.

  • Enterprising Third Sector Action Plan

  • ‘Operate professionally, identifying markets or opportunities – for many organisations this will mean developing products and then competing for, and winning, contracts.

  • Demonstrate the unique contribution the

  • third sector provides.

  • Develop better third sector organisation

  • contributing to increased sustainable

  • economic growth and a more successful country’.

  • Public Service Reform: Christie Commission

  • Maximise ‘… scarce resources by utilising all available resources from the public, private and third sectors, individuals, groups and communities’.

  • National Performance Framework

  • Outcome 11: ‘We have strong, resilient and supportive communities where people take responsibility for their own actions and how they affect others’


1 volunteers and policy in scotland rhetoric

1) Volunteers and policy in Scotland?Rhetoric

  • “But I know we have to start a bigger job, the job of re-imagining our society... Much has been said about the Big Society. I am more concerned by the Fair Society. And I am concerned that in the rush to adapt, good things will be lost”. Salmond 2010.

  • “[A] tale of two countries, of two very different visions of society and of the future… the country we create will be a very different one from the nation that is emerging down south… there is a harshness to the UK government's approach that goes against the grain of Scottish society”.

  • Salmond2011 cited in Barnes 2011.


2 linking to research 1 diversifying volunteering

2) Linking to research (1). Diversifying ‘volunteering’.

  • Formal

  • “Volunteering is the giving of time and energy through a third party… It is a choice undertaken of one’s own free will, and is not motivated primarily for financial gain or for a wage or salary.” Scottish Executive 2004

  • Informal

  • “Volunteering undertaken as an individual to help others” ... “helping a friend or a neighbour in a self managed way, e.g. helping them with some gardening or watching their home”

  • VDS 2004


2 linking to research 1 diversifying volunteering1

2) Linking to research (1). Diversifying ‘volunteering’.

  • Formal volunteering, informal volunteering and deprivation.

  • ‘it is…important to recognise the diversity of types of volunteering that contribute to social inclusion, especially the more informal, community-based varieties. Failing to recognise this can mean that a considerable amount of volunteering by groups at risk of social exclusion can go unnoticed and may remain undervalued’ Ellis-Paine et al 2007

  • More characteristic?

  • Williams 2003

  • Are there particular barriers?

  • IVR 2004

  • ‘Ladders’ of involvement?

  • Home Office (1999) in Williams (2003)


2 linking to research 1 diversifying volunteering2

2) Linking to research (1). Diversifying ‘volunteering’.


2 linking to research 1 diversifying volunteering3

2) Linking to research (1). Diversifying ‘volunteering’.


3 linking to research 2 the role of rurality

3) Linking to research (2)The role of rurality

  • 94% of the landmass

  • 18% of the population

  • 1 million people


3 linking to research 2 the role of rurality1

3) Linking to research (2)The role of rurality

Based on data from OSCR (2012) presented in Woolvin and Skerratt (2012) with thanks to Steven Thomson (SRUC).


3 linking to research 2 the role of rurality2

3) Linking to research (2)The role of rurality

Based on data from OSCR (2012) presented in Woolvin and Skerratt (2012) with thanks to Steven Thomson (SRUC).


3 linking to research 2 the role of rurality3

3) Linking to research (2)The role of rurality

  • Hurley et al (2008)

  • Scottish Government

  • (2012)


3 linking to research 2 the role of rurality4

3) Linking to research (2)The role of rurality

SeeSee Rutherford and Harper (2012)

See also: www.sruc.ac.uk/rsif


4 conclusions

4) Conclusions

  • The focus and scale of policy relating to ‘volunteering’ appears to have shifted over time.

  • How far are the results of this distinctive in Scotland?

  • Research suggests we need to be aware of the varying nature and extent of voluntary participation, and the influence this might have on capacity for, and sustainability of involvement.

  • Policy and governance which can better engage with the opportunities, and be sensitive to the challenges, of varying social and geographical contexts appears justified.


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