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Resilience thinking and agricultural biodiversity governance – towards a system approach for catalyzing desired change . Pernilla Malmer, Senior Advisor The Resilience and Development Programme, Stockholm Resilience Centre. Stockholm R esilience Centre.

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Resilience thinking and agricultural biodiversity governance – towards a system approach for catalyzing desired change

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Resilience thinking and agricultural biodiversity governance towards a system approach for catalyzing desired change

Resilience thinking and agricultural biodiversity governance – towards a system approach for catalyzing desired change

Pernilla Malmer, Senior Advisor

The Resilience and Development Programme,

Stockholm Resilience Centre


Stockholm r esilience centre

Stockholm Resilience Centre

  • Advances transdisciplinary research for governance of social-ecological systems

  • A special emphasis on resilience – the ability to deal with change and continue to develop


Planetary boundaries

Planetary boundaries

Food for a growing world population within the planetary boundaries will require a new ‘planetary food revolution’


Aichi target 7

Aichi target 7

By 2020 areas under agriculture, aquaculture and forestry are managed sustainably, ensuring conservation of biodiversity.


Resilience thinking

Resilience thinking

Resilience – the capacity

of a system to deal with

change and continue to

develop

Social ecological systems

Adaptation

Transformation


Why social ecological resilience

Why social-ecological resilience?

  • Human well-being is underpinned by ecosystems

  • Human activities are strong drivers of ecosystem change

  • People can and do act as stewards of their environment


The challenge of transformation of agricultural systems

The challenge of transformation of agricultural systems

Increasing yields

needs not translate

into bioidversity

loss or more land

spared for nature


Agroecological intensification

Agroecological intensification

Tscharntke, T., et al. BiologicalConservation 2012


Relations between people and nature are complex

Relations between people and nature are complex

  • Cannot manage social and ecological systems in isolation

  • History is important and place matters

  • Ecosystems change and evolve

  • We change, adapt and innovate


Causal loop analysis

Causal loop analysis

From E. Enfors. 2009


How to maintain social ecological resilience

How to maintain social-ecological resilience?

  • Learn to live with change and uncertainty

  • Combine different sources of knowledge

  • Facilitate self-organization

  • Nurture diverse sources for renewal and reorganization

Folke et al. 2003


What is resilience

What is resilience?

‘Resilience is the ability of a community to withstand negative internal and external pressures and threats. Resilience enables adaptation and strength, coherence and intergenerational learning.

Communities can be resilient when they are empowered and clear about their future and can act together to protect their rights’.

African Biodiversity Network

Quote from African Biodiversity Network: www.africanbiodiversity.org


Regreening of the sahel

Howdo transformations takeplace?

Regreening of the Sahel

Farmers appear to have actively managed their land in ways that contribute to re-greening, and also enhanced productivity.


The tigray experience

The Tigray experience

An approach based on sound ecological principles can enable farmers to overcome environmental constraints such as erosion, poor soil fertility and build household food security on a sustainable basis.


Kenvo and the kijabe landscape an ecoagriculture approach

Kenvo and the Kijabe landscape – an ecoagriculture approach

The question that KENVO is grappling with now is how best to measure the landscape in terms of agricultural production and socioeconomic (livelihood) welfare


Participatory plantbreeding linking action research to global policy

Participatory plantbreeding – linking action research to global policy


Sustainable agricultural intensification

Sustainable agricultural intensification


What needs to be done

What needs to be done

  • Watch out for planetary boundaries

  • Food is creation from cultural and biological diversity – place based, diverse

  • Food security policies for resilient and productive agricultural systems and landscapes must emphasize and build on an increase in agroecologic capacity.


Resilience thinking and agricultural biodiversity governance towards a system approach for catalyzing desired change

Thank you

Pernilla Malmer

Stockholm ResilienceCentre

[email protected]

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