Environmental Drivers Gerard O’Leary Environmental Protection Agency 10 th October 2012. Summary. Framework for the protection of the biology , chemistry , and natural physical form of all surface and groundwaters and dependent waterbodies . Water Framework Directive (WFD) .
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Environmental DriversGerard O’LearyEnvironmental Protection Agency10th October 2012
Frameworkfor the protection of the biology, chemistry, and natural physical form of all surface and groundwaters and dependent waterbodies.
WFD aims to achieve Integration of
So, our WFD approach should reflect this integration !
Comparison of Water Q in Ireland
with other countries
(based on EEA website data)
Urban and Domestic Wastewater
Over 530 urban areas are subject to the licensing system.
- 35 prioritised for protection of freshwater pearl mussel
- 55 are key pressures on designated shellfish waters
Quality of Drinking Water
New EPA Enforcement Powers
Chemical Parameters –THMs
100 ug/l THM limit
Comparison of no. of public water supplies where E.Coli or THM’s were detected at least once from 2004 to 2010
1Assemble the WSP team
2Describe the water supply system
3Identify hazards and hazardous events and assess the risks
4Determine and validate control measures, reassess and prioritise the risks
5Develop, implement and maintain an improvement programme
6Define monitoring of the control measures (operational monitoring)
7 Verify the effectiveness of the WSP
Management and communication
8Prepare management procedures
9 Develop supporting programmes
Feedback and improvement
10Plan and carry out periodic review of the WSP
11Revise the WSP following an incident