Environmental Drivers Gerard O’Leary Environmental Protection Agency 10 th October 2012. Summary. Framework for the protection of the biology , chemistry , and natural physical form of all surface and groundwaters and dependent waterbodies . Water Framework Directive (WFD) .
Frameworkfor the protection of the biology, chemistry, and natural physical form of all surface and groundwaters and dependent waterbodies.
WFD aims to achieve Integration of
So, our WFD approach should reflect this integration !
with other countries
(based on EEA website data)
Over 530 urban areas are subject to the licensing system.
- 35 prioritised for protection of freshwater pearl mussel
- 55 are key pressures on designated shellfish waters
New EPA Enforcement Powers
100 ug/l THM limit
Comparison of no. of public water supplies where E.Coli or THM’s were detected at least once from 2004 to 2010
1 Assemble the WSP team
2 Describe the water supply system
3 Identify hazards and hazardous events and assess the risks
4 Determine and validate control measures, reassess and prioritise the risks
5 Develop, implement and maintain an improvement programme
6 Define monitoring of the control measures (operational monitoring)
7 Verify the effectiveness of the WSP
Management and communication
8 Prepare management procedures
9 Develop supporting programmes
Feedback and improvement
10 Plan and carry out periodic review of the WSP
11 Revise the WSP following an incident