Chapter 8
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Chapter 8. Female Reproductive System. Organs of the System. Ovaries Fallopian Tubes-fimbriae, cilia Uterus- fundus top Vagina Bartholin Gland Clitoris Labia- Minora Majora Perineum. Female System. Ovaries. Developed before birth and contain all of the immature ova

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Chapter 8

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Chapter 8

Chapter 8

Female Reproductive System


Organs of the system

Organs of the System

  • Ovaries

  • Fallopian Tubes-fimbriae, cilia

  • Uterus- fundus top

  • Vagina

  • Bartholin Gland

  • Clitoris

  • Labia-

    • Minora

    • Majora

  • Perineum


Female system

Female System


Ovaries

Ovaries

  • Developed before birth and contain all of the immature ova

    • Ova are contained in the graafin follicles and erupt at ovulation

    • The site of ovulation develops into the corpus luteum

    • Hormones estrogen and progresterone are produced by the ovaries


Ovary anatomy

Ovary Anatomy


Oocytes

Oocytes


Fallopian tubes

Fallopian Tubes

  • Transport the ova to the uterus

  • Fertilization takes place in the fallopian tubes

  • Cilia within the structure transport the ova toward the uterus

    • The journey takes about 5 to 7 days

    • If cilia are damaged a person may experience fertility problems or ectopic pregnancy


Fallopian tube

Fallopian Tube


Uterus

Uterus

  • Fundus- upper round end

  • Corpus- larger central portion (largest part)

  • Cervix- mouth of the uterus

  • Layers of the organ

    • Endometrium- Epithelial Mucosa- develops vacular tissue for fetal attachment and nurishment

    • Myometrium-muscular middle layer

    • Uterine serosa- outer layer of the organ


Vagina

Vagina

  • Muscluar tube that leads out of the body

  • Birth Canal

  • Lined with mucosa cells

  • Most common site where sexually transmitted infections enter


Glands

Glands

  • Bartholins- produce mucous to lubricate the vagina

  • Clitoris- sensitive erectile tissue responsible for sexual response


Labia

Labia

  • Protective folds of tissue located on the exterior of the body


External view

External View


Hymen

hymen

  • Thin tissue that partially covers the opening of the vagina

  • No know function

  • Not necessarily present at birth


Breast tissue

Breast Tissue

  • Mammary Glands-glandular tissue that produce milk when stimulated by hormones

  • Fatty tissue

  • Fibrous tissue

  • Mammary papilla- nipple area

  • Areola- darker area around the nipple


Mammary glands

Mammary Glands


Menstrual cycle

Menstrual Cycle

  • Controlled by hormones produced by the pituitary gland and ovaries

  • Menarche- first menstruation

  • Menopause- cessation of fertility and diminished hormone production

  • Ovulation takes place in the middle of the cycle and the cycle starts with menstruation


Menstrual cycle1

Menstrual Cycle


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