Conflicting claims to a homeland
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Conflicting Claims to a Homeland. Palestinians and Jews: Two People, One Land http://www.youtube.com/user/jiisjerusalem.

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Conflicting claims to a homeland

Conflicting Claims to a Homeland

Palestinians and Jews: Two People, One Land

http://www.youtube.com/user/jiisjerusalem


Conflicting claims to a homeland

Palestine has never existed . . . as an autonomous entity. There is no language known as Palestinian. There is no distinct Palestinian culture. There has never been a land known as Palestine governed by Palestinians. Palestinians are Arabs, indistinguishable from Jordanians (another recent invention), Syrians, Lebanese, Iraqis, etc.


Early zionists

Early Zionists


Conflicting claims to a homeland

“The Jews say that they lived in Palestine three thousand years ago. That is true…but that fact doesn’t mean that they have the right to come back and expel me. My family came from Iraq hundreds of years ago. Would it be fair if I go back to Iraq, enter any house, and say to the owner, “My family lived here hundreds of years ago, and you have to leave because I’m moving back home”? Would anybody justify that?”

Children of a Tenth Class God


Palestinian arabs 1948

Palestinian Arabs 1948


Biblical times

Biblical Times

  • Jews believe their claim to Israel stems all the way back to God’s promise to Abraham

  • Jews believe they inherit the land through a promise God made to Abraham, Isaac and Jacob

  • The Jewish Bible has numerous references about this promise.


Patriarchs and matriarchs

Patriarchs and Matriarchs


Biblical times1

Biblical Times

  • Palestinians believe their claim to Israel stems back to God’s promise to Abraham in the Koran

  • Palestinians believe they inherit the land through Abraham’s son Ishmael

  • Abraham is willing to sacrifice Ishmael, so God rewards him with the land


Abraham hagar and ishmael

Abraham Hagar and Ishmael


Jewish sovereignty 1200 586 bce

Jewish Sovereignty1200-586 BCE

  • Joshua enters the land around 1200 BCE

  • From 1200-922 BCE the Judges and Kings consolidate their rule over the country

  • In 922 BCE the kingdom splits into two parts

  • In 722 BCE the Assyrians capture the Northern Kingdom

  • In 586 BCE the Babylonians capture the Southern Kingdom


Occupation 586 164 bce

Occupation586-164 BCE

  • Babylonians invade and exile the Jews in 586 BCE

  • Jews return to the land in 538 BCE, but the land is under Persian control

  • Greek Empire (Alexander the Great) conquers the land around 333 BCE

  • Maccabees gain control of Judea after defeating Antiochus and his armies in battle


Exile to babylon

Exile to Babylon


Hasmonean sovereignty 165 63 bce

Hasmonean Sovereignty165-63 BCE

  • Hasmoneans, descendants of the Maccabees, rule the land

  • Times of peace and prosperity, but also war and forced conversions

  • The Hasmoneans lose control of Judea when two brothers ask Rome to decide who should become Judea’s next ruler

  • Pompey, the emperor of Rome, takes political control


Roman rule 65 bce 135 ce

Roman Rule65 BCE-135 CE

  • Romans gain control of Judea. Jews will not have political control of the land again until 1948

  • Gradually Rome forbids the study and practice of Judaism

  • Several revolts, but all eventually fail

  • After the final revolt in 135 CE, many Jews were dead, enslaved, or forced to leave; Jews become a minority in the land


Romans conquer judea

Romans Conquer Judea


The birth of islam 7 th century

The Birth of Islam7th Century

  • Around 622 CE Mohammed begins to spread the message of Islam throughout Arabia

  • His message quickly spreads throughout the Middle East, Northern Africa, and Spain


Muslim sovereignty in palestine 7 th 20 th centuries

Muslim Sovereignty in Palestine7th-20th centuries

  • Palestine remains under mostly Muslim control for the next 1300 years.

    • Islamic Empire (638-1098 CE)

    • Crusaders (1099-1187 CE)

    • Ayyubid Dynasty (1187-1290 CE)

    • Mamluks (1291-1517 CE)

    • Ottoman Empire (1517-1917 CE)


Muslims in palestine

Muslims in Palestine


The birth of zionism 1896 1904

The Birth of Zionism1896-1904

  • Herzl writes The Jewish State

  • He encourages Jews to fight for a homeland in Palestine

  • Creates The Zionist Congress

  • Tries to gain political support for his idea

  • Jews both support and oppose his idea

  • 1st and 2nd aliyot

    • Many Jews immigrate to Palestine

    • Establish kibbutzim


The dream grows 1906 1914

The Dream Grows1906-1914

  • Jews continue to immigrate

  • Establish defense force Ha Shomer to protect Jewish settlements against Arab raiders

  • Weizmann, Herzl’s successor, continues to seek political support for a Jewish homeland


World war i 1914 1918

World War I1914-1918

  • Palestine is a key country in the war

  • Controlled by the Ottoman Empire (Axis Power)

  • Britain wants to gain control of it; makes promises to Jews, Arabs, and French to get their support

    • Balfour Declaration

    • Sykes-Picot Agreement

    • McMahon letters


Conflicting claims to a homeland

1916

  • McMahon Letters

    • Issued by Britain to gain Arab/Palestinian support

    • Promise the Palestinian Arabs sovereignty and freedom from control by the Ottoman Empire


Conflicting claims to a homeland

1916

  • Sykes-Picot Agreement

    • Britain and France secretly agree to divide political control of the region between their two countries.


Conflicting claims to a homeland

1917

  • Balfour Declaration

    • The British government issues a letter promising the Jews support for a homeland in Palestine.

      “His Majesty's Government view with favour the establishment in Palestine of a national home for the Jewish people, and will use their best endeavours to facilitate the achievement of this object, it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine, or the rights and political status enjoyed by Jews in any other country.”


Pursuing a dream 1918 1937

Pursuing a Dream1918-1937

  • 3rd, 4th, and 5th aliyot bring more Jews to Palestine. Some Jews settle on kibbutzim, some build up cities.

  • Jews begin to establish government, schools, build roads, etc.


Creating a nightmare 1918 1937

Creating a Nightmare1918-1937

  • Arabs angered by large numbers of Jewish immigrants

  • Arabs riot

    • 1920 in Jerusalem and Tel Aviv

    • 1929 in Jerusalem and Hebron (133 Jews and 110 Arabs die)

    • 1936 in Jaffa


The peel report 1937

The Peel Report1937

  • Britain no longer wants to deal with the riots and maintaining peace, creates Peel Committee

    • Committee’s goal is to investigate events, make a recommendation about what should be done with the land


White paper

White Paper

  • Britain restricts immigration of Jews to Palestine

  • 15,000 per year for 5 years and then no more

  • To appease Arabs


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