MALE INVOLVEMENT IN ADDRESSING HIV & AIDS: EXPERIENCES FROM IPPF AFRICA REGION Jan. 22, 2007. Dr. Wilfred Ochan, Technical Adviser, HIV/AIDS IPPF Africa Regional Office. Presentation Outline. Why male involvement? Initiatives used to involve men Lessons learned Conclusion.
Dr. Wilfred Ochan, Technical Adviser, HIV/AIDS
IPPF Africa Regional Office
From choice, a world of possibilities
1. Sub-Saharan Africa - epicenter of HIV/AIDS, with main mode of transmission as sexual intercourse:
2. Male sexuality increases susceptibility of women & girls to HIV infection:
3. Men control sexual, reproductive & fertility decisions and practices:
4. Socio-cultural expectations & position of men impose on them, practices that increase their own risk or those of women and/or condone their acts
1. Coverage: 4 year SIDA funded joint project between RFSU & MAs of: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania & Zambia.
2. Purpose: To increase adoption of safer sex practices & utilization of HIV/AIDS/SRH services by young people (especially young men) within project sites.
4. Evaluation Results:
1. Coverage: Funded by IPPF & DSW and implemented in Uganda since 2003.
2. Purpose: To increase proportion of young people who practice safer sex & utilize SRH services in a supportive socio-cultural environment.
4. Annual reviews:
3. Annual Reviews:
1. Programs that specifically target men/boys should aim at:
a. Transforming their risky behaviours by working with them:
c. Integrating HIV/AIDS with SRH in order to create window of opportunity for men to view traditional SRH service not only as for women, but also theirs; and to access & use such SRH/HIV/AIDS services.
2. In African setting, programs that empower women & girls & address their SRH needs will not achieve much unless we involve men & boys in them, because of relative male control on decisions & practices on issues of sexuality, fertility & reproduction.